INDEX to TEN LITTLE TITLE TUNES

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A

AABA form 659

Aases død (Grieg) 313, 314

abandon (emotional) 132, 224

abandoned 270, 597

Abba 60, 91, 102, 196, 274

in symphony concerts 62

ABC 624, 647

news anaphones banned 490

newscasts 491

Abduction

cue (Casualties of War) 456

of the Bride (Grieg) 192, 567

Abelard 52

Abendruhe 218, 220, 226

ABF 116

‘about to’… 674

above 134, 139

Abraham, O 36

abrupt 660

absence, songs of 307

‘absolute’ context 73

‘absolute’ music 12–32, 38, 47–49, 53, 103, 104, 272

decline of 33–92

definition 12–14

historical momentum of 23

history 15–27

marker of class identity 23

relative notion of 13–14

rise of notion 15-28

rock music as 73, 631–2

obstacles caused by 28–29

textual and contextual 68–78

absurd/absurdist/absurdity 133, 418, 419, 429

war as celebration 417

abuse of power 421

AC/DC 313

academic safari 83

accelera/-te/-ndo --> speed

accentuation 654 -- See also sforzando

acciacatura 101

accompaniment 624, 647 -- See also piano

accompanimental music (Hegel) 15

accordion 467

acculturation 102

Ach Herr! was ist… (Bach) 445

Ach, wie nichtig! (Bach) 185

achievement 387–8, 389–91, 416

acquiescence 84

inequality as result of 62

acrobat(s)/acrobatic 424, 427

across 244, 303 -- See also over/across

action 132, 135, 137, 151, 367-78, 395, 461, 483, 617, 623-4, 673-4

cues 372, 373

devices 383

fast tempo and 483–487

added --> chords & intervals

Adderly, Nat 583, 628

addiction 664

Addinsell, R 199, 200, 201, 203

Adeline slides: --> harmony

Adorno Theodor W 21, 40–3, 45-6, 81-5, 89, 319

on popular music 41, 82, 85

adventive 134, 139, 140, 387

adventure 132, 135, 371, 646

adversity --> difficult[y]

advert[ising] 68, 74, 244, 265, 420-1, 623, 649, 650, 678

ban on news anaphones in 490

before-and-after stunt 415

Leo Burnett agency 467

public service TV 660-1

response variation to 136

TV commercials

Anti-drugs (cocaine) 661

Berner XZ Shampoo 265

Child Support Agency 661

cigarettes 136

Colgate toothpaste 589

Dimetapp pills 573

Electric Musk cologne 649

General Electric 490

Levis jeans 68, 564

Maalox antacid 661

Palmolive soap 244

Pantène shampoo 263

Philadelphia cheese 583

Revlon Custom Eyes 649

Seven-Up 469

shampoo 136, 245, 263, 265

Tampax 553

Timotei shampoo 245, 264

Advis, Luis 347, 361

Aegean Rendezvous 467, 468

aeolian --> modes

aerial sweep 518

aerobics 650

aeroplane(s) 646, 656, 674

Aerosmith 457, 464

aesthetics --> ‘absolute’

and absolutism

affect (theories of) 16–17, 20-1, 47

affection 130, 132

Africa (music of) 45, 94, 355

time line 94

African-American

Caribbean 334

USA 571

Black Panthers 42

military cadences 425

‘Negroes’ 597

sport stereotype 330

street style and fashion 649

Venezuela 342

after (something) 459, 674

afterglow 197

afternoon 247

Against Postmodernism 71

against will… 133, 459, 672, 674

agent --> spy

aggression/aggressive 123, 133, 410, 430, 484–487 594, 646, 650, 652, 656

agitated/agitation 133, 246, 656

Agnus Dei (Byrd) 454

agogics 600

agony 190, 456

Agostini, Roberto 65

Ägyptische Helena (Strauss, R) 444

Aharonián, Coriún 335

Aïda (Verdi) 319

air 261

airborne 294

display 415, 416

Air Force (US) 425

Airborne Rangers 425

Akademische Festouvertüre 320

Aktuellt (SvTV1 news) 487, 606

Alabama Song 211

alabaster busts of composers 18

Alberich 192

Albert Hall 428

Alberti bass 171

Albion Country Band 306, 322, 323, 350

alcohol --> food & drink

Alekseev, Eduard I 23

Alessandroni, Alessandro 371

Aletter, W 294, 411

Alexander Nevsky 589

Alfred Hitchcock Presents 591

Alfvén, Hugo 320

Ali Baba Bound 577

Alias Smith and Jones 141, 296

alienation 5, 13, 18, 25-6, 577, 666

All Day and All of the Night 663

‘All the President’s Men 493

Allen, Chesney 412

Allen, Steve 347

Allen, Woody 583, 600

Allende, Salvador 420

alley(s) 569, 579

Allgemeine musikal. Zeitung 186

Allied Irish Bank 75

Allman Brothers 658

Almanac Singers 354

Almonaster (Spain) 336

alogogenicty 12, 109, 134, 805

alone --> solitary

Alosno (Spain) 336

Alpert, Herb 361

Alps 350

Als Luise die Briefe… (Mozart) 444

Also sprach Zarathustra 30

alteration --> chords

alterity (‘otherness’) 71, 517

altruism 678

‘always has been’ 513-9, 674

Am Wasserflüssen Babylon 456

ambient sound 644

ambiguity (harmonic) --> harmony

ambitus --> register /

ambulance siren 573

Amen 175, 210, 211–4, 664 -- See also chords

America di Jill 652

America, United States of --> USA

American Anthem 424

American in Paris 496, 498, 578

amiable/amiability 130, 251

Amnesty International 353

amusing 430 -- See also reception test

An die Musik 25, 219, 220, 268

anachronism 413-4, 419-422

--> incongruity

anacrusis 103, 169, 200, 432, 442, 447, 450, 451, 515, 582, 590–5, 604

chromatic 592

directionality of 297

pick-up[s] 442, 444-7, 592

Romeo & Juliet 447

analysis (musical)

aversion to 77

musematic 94–104

anaphone 99-101, 103, 805 -- See also waves

ascent 212

becks 236

death 661

horses 295–296

kinetic 100, 103, 125, 303

motor noise 622

banned in advertising 490

piano arpeggios 249

sighing 224, ff.

sonic 99, 125, 218, 648

swooning 220

tactile 100, 125

telegrammatic 487–494

Anatomy of a Murder 582

ancien régime 70

And maun I still on Meniedoat 345

Andalusía 336, 360, 367

andante 168, 432-3, 504-5, 517, 522

Anderson, Gillian B 30

Anderson, Leroy 86, 421, 496

Anderson, Lindsay 223

Andes 334, 361

Andrews, Julie 463

The Andros Targets 489, 493

äng 243–246 -- See also meadow

anger 133, 471

Anglican (church) 176, 414

Anglocentrism 79, 85

Anglo-Saxon ballad spirit (Lomax)

strong in cowboy songs 324

Angst --> anguish

anguish[ed] 181-2, 190, 206, 443-5, 452-3, 455-6, 458-9, 462, 464, 473, 580, 592

angular 101

animals 533, 536

animated film --> cartoon

Anka, Paul 338

Annunzio, Gabriele d’ 484

antacid (advert) 661

antecedent 383, 385-7 -- See also consequent

anthemic 422

anthropology of music 37–39

own culture 679

anti-capitalist movement 26

antiphony 425

Antonioni, Michaelangelo 578

anvil 370

Apache (Shadows) 136, 358, 368, 369, 370, 371, 373

apartheid 58

Apollo-Soyuz broadcasts 625

apotheosis 247

Appalachian music traditions 354

isolation of 324

Apprenti sorcier (Dukas) 591

approach[ing] (adventive) 134, 393, 590, 591, 592, 605

appropriation 84

of popular music by state 60

Après-midi d’un faune 380

Apulia 329

aqueous 530

Arabesque (Mancini) 600

Arabien, mein Heimatland 445

Aragón 336

Aranjuez 367, 371

archaic 189, 371, 392 -- See also modes

minor modes as 317–321, 327–330, 334–336 -- See also historical

musicogenic categories as 676

The Archers (BBC radio) 412

archipelago (skärgård) 805

architecture 419, 672

Aretz, Isabel 332, 333, 334, 337, 342, 343, 379

Argentina 335, 344

aristocracy --> class

Aristotle 27

Arizona 334, 341, 355, 367

Arkansas Traveller 345

L’Arlésienne (Bizet) 656

Arliss, Leslie 203

armed --> army --> fight

Armide (Lully) 174

Armstrong, Harry 209

Armstrong, Louis 578

army/armed forces 409, 410, 416, 429

Arne, Thomas A 223

around – polysemic VVA 138

arpeggiate[d] / arpeggiation[s] /

arpeggiato / arpeggio[s] 197, 201, 250, 254, 382, 659

ascending 379

broken chords 171

heroic 384

piano 171–172, 231–249, 381, 515, 516, 518

zigzag 379

arrival 134, 387, 388, 389 ff., 537

Arrival of the Queen of Sheba 246

artefact v nature 388

Artforum 664

art-nouveau 264, 418

As I Was Out Walking 392

ascend[ing]/ascent --> direction

Ascenseur à l’échaffaud 582

Åses død (Grieg) 314

Asian cue 531

asociality 133, 393, 430, 459, 460, 673, 675

asperity 133, 190, 385, 430, 461

Asquith, Anthony 203

Assafiev, Boris 56, 85, 448

assertive 628

association (organisation) 429

Astaire, Fred 605

Asturias (Spain) 334, 350

Asyle der höheren Künste 16

asynchronous 535

Atkinson, Max 53

Atlantis (Shadows) 368

Atlee, Clement 417, 420

attack 134, 569, 654 -- See also accentuation

attraction 132, 177

attributive affects 125, 131

Auber, Daniel François Esprit 31

Auchengeich Disaster 354

audience[s] 619, 647

audiovisual 105

digital technology 90

learning process 296

audititis 31, 67

augmentation 664

augmented --> chords/intervals

Ausgewählte Lieder (Schubert) 456

Austria 233, 413

authenticity 42, 65, 85, 310, 377, 451, 588, 645,

authoritarianism 76

authorities 419

automotion 622, 623

‘autonomous’ harmony --> chords

autonomy aesthetic 12, 21, 68, 632 --> ‘absolute’ music

Autry, Gene 295, 373

Autumn Leaves 195

avant-garde 30, 31, 62, 370

Ave Maria 516

‘Ave Maria’ chord --> chords

Ave verum corpus

Byrd 182

Mozart 173, 175, 218, 220

averages --> statistics

Awa wi’ your Belles… 346

The Awakening Conscience 266

Axt, William 319

Ayamara 334

Ayesterán, Lauro 37

Aztec 291, 334

B

B minor Mass (Bach) 184

babbling 99, 172, 234, 235, 249

baby 250, 258

baby-boomers 64, 73, 86

Bacall, Lauren 605, 671, 676

Bach, Carl Philipp E 20, 21

Bach, Johann S 17, 19, 21, 42, 101, 120, 170, 180, 183, 184–5, 186-7, 443-5, 448, 456, 516, 517, 574

chorale settings 184-5

The Bachelor’s Club 294

back catalogue 61

Back in the USSR (Beatles) 469

Background Music for Home Movies 171

backing track 645

Bacon, Roger 52

bad 646, 674

consequences 590-2, 596

guys 393

villain[s] 135, 430, 674

mad scientist 378

Badalmenti, Angelo 661

Baghdad Café 180, 197

baião 334

Baja California 256

balalaika 467-9, 471

balanced (emotions)132, 224, 270

baldness 5

Balfe, Michael W 174, 179

Balkans 350

ballad[s] -- See also [name of ballad]

Balladenton (Grieg) 321

British 176, 322 ff., 428, 459, 674

slow 564, 565

tragic 309

travelling 352

ballet 500

ballo liscio 329

balloons 415

Ballpark Tarantella 329

ballroom 499

Ballstaedt, Andreas 103

Balzac, Honoré 22

La bamba 344, 345

band[s]

big band 413, 582, 676

brass 409, 412, 413, 415, 422, 428-9

marching 123, 398, 409, 410, 412, 413, 414, 415, 419, 420, 427, 428, 430

skolekorps (Norway) 415

pub band 663

-stand 123, 409, 410, 428, 429

bandit[s] 364, 365

bang! 648

Bangs, Lester 65, 80

banjo --> orchestration /

bank holiday --> holiday

Banks of Newfoundland 336

banners --> flags

bar[s] (for drinking in) 329, 392-3, 464, 570, 572, 672, 675

plush 393

pub band 663

smoky 569, 570, 579

speakeasies 570

Barcelona (Queen) 424

Bare, Bobby 353

bare fifths 533

Baretta 585

baritone --> register /vocal

Barlow & Morgenstern 226, 443, 582

Barn av vår tid 620

barn dance 391

Barnard, Charlotte Allington

--> Claribel

Barnes, Fred J 213

Baroque 99, 101, 183, 517

Barry, John 367, 573, 626, 627

Barry Lyndon 14

Barta, Alexander 171

Bartel, Dietrich 16, 47

Barthes, Roland 67, 490

Bartók, Béla 30, 36, 187

Barwick Green 412

baseball 329, 330

Bashford, Major Alex 398

Bashung, Alain 456

Basie, Count 41, 204

bass -- See also register /low

Alberti 171

anacrusis 590

descent 187, 432-3,

doomsday 660

double (contrabass) 195, 540-1

drum 622

electric 432-3, 462, 476, 504-5, 608-9, 624, 628

line 221, 222

gender traits of 669

ostinato 590–595

piano octaves in 590

plodding 565–566, 571, 592, 604

rhythm in 624

riffs 599–600

static 535

synth 621

vamp figure in 590

walking 100

bassoon (farts) 588

Bastow, George H 412

Bates, Norman 101

Bath, Hubert 201, 203, 411

bathing 239

bathos 217

battle 388, 417, 569, 605

Battle Hymn Of Lt. Calley 423

Battle Of The Dragon 424

Battle on the Ice (Prokofiev) 589

Baudrillard, Jean 26

Bauer, Raymond A 43

Bavaria 413

bawdy 391, 597

BBC 39, 412, 413, 416, 417, 429

radio news 488

TV 409, 580

beach 136, 239–240, 256

Beach Boys 62, 368

bears 197

beating 430

Beating Steeel Blues 600

Beatles 21, 30, 36, 44, 61, 62, 108, 179, 335, 345, 413, 448, 457, 469, 561, 573, 575

beatniks 582

Beaud, Paul 41-43

beaut/-y/-iful 132, 136, 177, 236, 245, 430, 647, 649, 673-4, 677

Beavis and Butt-head 313, 430

bebop 582, 586, 587, 597, 629

Bebop Tango 585

Becce, Giuseppe 30, 31

Bechet, Sidney 567, 570, 597

beck[s] 99, 233

Beck, Alison 606

beep 648

Beethoven, Ludwig van 13, 14, 18, 19, 22, 30, 31,54, 61, 99, 177, 516, 517, 533, 535, 537, 581, 651, 675

‘beew!’, ‘peeow!’ 115, 648-9

Begleitmusik 15

behind (VVA) 134

Bei jener Nacht (Strauss, R) 444

bell[s] 153, 414

bell-like 637

Bells of St Mary’s 414

Jingle Bells 589

Liberty Bell (as bell) 414

sleigh 589

tubular 370, 398, 413, 414

belligerent 423, 426

Bellini, Vincenzo 31

Belz, Carl 42, 64

bends 653, 658

Beneath the 12 Mile Reef 569

Bengtsson, Ingmar 268

Bennett, Richard Rodney 580, 604

Berceuse (Iljinsky) 250

Berg, Alban 30, 495

Berg, Charles M 30

Bergman, Ingemar 429

Bergson, Henri 585

Berlin 16, 39, 40, 43, 61

Berlin, Irving 96, 422

Berlioz, Hector 30, 71, 246, 313, 327, 380, 471, 517

Berlipp, Friedel 600, 829

Berner XZ Shampoo 265

Bernstein, Elmer 5, 351, 570,

580-1, 582, 594–5, 596, 599

Bernstein, Leonard 56, 230, 246, 340, 582, 584, 585

Berry, Chuck 21, 367, 368, 373-7

Bertolucci, Bernardo 197, 456, 569

beseeching 380

Besseler, Hans 40

Bethlehem 533

betrayal 581

Bette Davis Eyes 108

Bewusstsein 17

bhangra 62

The Bible 24, 533

bidet 602

big band --> band[s]

big city --> city

Big Concerto Movie Themes 171, 198–203, 232, 269 -- See also Dream of Olwen -- See also piano -- See also piano concerto -- See also Brief Encounter -- See also Seven-year Itch

LP sleeve 198

Legend of the Glass Mountain (Rota) 171, 201, 203, 232

Piano Concerto #1 in Bb minor (Tchaikovsky) 175, 177, 199

Rhapsody on a Theme by Paganini 199, 211, 232, 269

Spellbound Concerto 232

Warsaw Concerto 171, 198, 199, 200, 201, 203, 232, 269

The Way to the Stars 201-3

big country --> chords --> modes --> cadence --> panorama

The Big Gundown 652

big scenery, see panorama

Big Spender 574, 584, 585, 590, 593, 598

big-band Angst 580

bike / biker[s] 585, 623

bikini --> clothing

Billboard 108, 395

terminological shifts in 374

billowing 201, 240, 248

Billy the Kid (Copland) 100

bimodality 344, 345, 346, 361

biological clock 24

biomusicology 10, 15

Bird Dog (Everly Brothers) 357

birds 239, 244, 261

birhythm --> metre

Birmingham school --> cccs

Birnbaum, J A 17

Birth of a Nation 191, 211

Birth of Venus (Botticelli) 259

Bitch (Rolling Stones) 630

bitter[ness] 185, 189, 453, 460, 459

bitter-sweet 115, 442, 445-6, 461, 577

love and crime 458–466

Bizet, Georges 30, 319, 320, 338, 339, 341, 348, 656

Björnberg, Alf 45, 56, 108, 313

black American (USA)

--> African-American

black and white (monochrome film) 97, 238, 415, 418, 428, 429, 601

Black Dog (Jethro Tull) 630

‘black’ music 71

Black Panthers 42

Black Widow 676, 677

Blackbird (Beatles) 62

Blacking, John 38, 56, 83

Blackmore, Ritchie 462

The Blacksmith 346, 350

Blades, James 496

Blair, Tony 62, 421

Blake, Norman 345, 353

blank responses 118, 632

blasé 199

Blazing Saddles 351, 395

blind respondents 141

bliss[ful] 178, 179, 208

Bliss, Sir Arthur 60

Blissed Out (Reynolds) 67

Bloch, Ernst 446

blonde (woman) 244, 245, 265

blood 137

Blood Sweat & Tears 206

Blow Up (Antonioni) 578

Blowing Wild 395

Blue Moon 212, 213

Blue Skies 218

Blue Tango (L Anderson) 86, 421

blue yodel 353, 373

bluegrass 352

The Bluegrass Boys 352

blues 102, 372, 570, 595–6, 627–31

minor-key 628

shuffle 565

slow 565

riff 630

shuffle 564, 627

12-bar 627, 630

bVI7-V7 in minor key 629

The Blues Brothers 600

boardroom 359

boat[s]/boating 167. 236, 238, 240, 245, 248, 249, 674

body/bodily[ness] 70, 71

bodyism 71-3, 79, 89, 421, 805

essentialism 272

oblivion 76

body language 105

body music 65, 421, 423

corporeal[ity] 60, 264

decontextualised 67

kinetic anaphones 100

movement and 270

rock music 70

rockologist notion of 65

Bogart, Humphrey 135, 573, 585, 605, 676

Bohemian Rhapsody (Queen) 424

Boilès, Charles 56

Bois épais (Lully) 174, 315

bold[ness] 624, 625, 628

Bold Robert Emmett 347

Boléro (Ravel) 319

Bolero On The Moon Rocks 464

Bolin, Tommy 462, 608

Bolinger, Dwight 53

Bolivia (Trad.) 333, 334

Bollywood 94

bolo de mel 805

bombastic 133, 416, 419, 424, 428

bomber (B52) 99

Bonaldi, Jorge 335

Bonanza 136, 304, 305, 375, 376, 377, 378, 381, 383

Bond, James --> James Bond

bondkomik 805

bongos 634-7, 645, 647, 649-50, 654

Bonnie Dundee 349

Bonnie Woodha’ 308

boogaloo 653

boogie 274, 658

books – ‘dead medium’ 490

Boosey and Hawkes Recorded Music Library --> Library Music

boot camp 425

Boots (UK retail)108

Borch, Gaston 567

boredom/boring 104, 111, 133, 623

Born To Be Wild 585

Born Under A Bad Sign 594

Borneman, Ernest 71

Borodin, Alexander P 100, 321

Botticelli, Andrea 259, 260-1, 264

Bouchard, Marie-(this entry, above) under ve 457

Boulez, Pierre 30, 230

bourgeois 266, 430

parlour 233

private sphere 28

revolution 16, 18, 22

subjectivity 8, 17, 23, 26, 29

dilemmas of 24–26

bouzouki 467, 471

boxing 426 -- See also sport

boy 251, 532

‘all-American’ 532

little boy 463

Boy In A Bubble 487

Boyd, Jim 374

bpm 805

Brackett, David 56, 89, 104

Bradley, Dick 10, 81, 82

bragging 594

Brahms, J 30, 48, 313, 320, 446, 517

Branded (TV) 380

Brandeis University 42

Brandenburg Concerto #6 187

brash 381

brass

band --> band[s]

Bonanza 378

section 300, 476, 540-1,

Streetcar 568, 569

timbre 376

Bratton, John W 411

Braun, Eva 602

brave[ry] 133, 137, 346, 380

‘brave’ 346

Brazil 116, 117, 413, 796

Trad. 333, 334

break 134

breakers --> waves

break-in --> robbery

polysemic VVA 138

Bréal, Michel 47

Brecht, Bert 39

breeze --> weather

Breil, Joseph Carl 191

Breitkopf 327

Brezhnev, Leonid 428

Bricmont, Jean 71

Brief Encounter 199

briefcases 486, 494

Brigg Fair 323

bright[ness] 133, 212, 213

Bright, William 51

The Brighter Day (radio) 316

brimming over 382

Brindisi 467

‘Bring ’em on!’ 426

Bringing In The Georgia Mail 353

Brinkley, Dave 491

brisk 97, 411

Bristol 309

Britain/British --> UK

Britten, Benjamin 30

brittle 646

broad expanses --> panorama

‘broad’ mood 662

broadening 172

Broadcasting Yearbook (USA) 13

Broadway 584

Brodzsky, Nicholas 201-3

broiler performers 19

broken chords 171

Bronson, Charles 587

brook --> beck

Brooks, Bill 103

Brooks, Mel 5, 395, 648

The Brothers 805

Brown Sugar 62, 662, 663

Brown, Milton 373

Brunner, Yul 5

Brünnhilde 208, 218

brutal 486, 647

Bruton Music --> Library music

Bryan, Charles F 374

Buckingham Palace 61, 423

bucolic 383

Buelow, George J 16, 47

Buenos Aires 336

bugle calls 375

Bugs Bunny 575

buildings 393, 494

Bullen, Frank T 325

bullfighting 330

‘bullfighter beat’ (Gillett) 338

music for 371

bullying 223

bumble bees 100

Bunker, Ed 659

Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo 304, 331, 346, 376, 378, 396, 456

bureaucracy 19

burglary --> robbery

Burnett, Leo (ad agency) 467

Burns, Robert 345, 346, 349

Burr, Rayomond 592

Bush, George II (W) 423, 426

business 25, 27, 492, 496, 674

‘is business’ 25, 27

studies 9, 10

businessmen 494, 498

buskis 805

bustle/bustling 172, 235, 246, 388, 389, 393, 598, 599, 674

busy 246, 247

xylophones 494–498

Busy, Busy Highways 496, 497

butch 677

Butler, David 464, 580

butterflies 244, 246

Buxtehude, Diderich 19

buzzwords 18, 60, 66

bygone days 321, 420

Byrd, William 99, 182, 454, 455

Byrds 355

C

cabaret 410, 416

Cacavas, John 6

cactus 305

Cade’s County (Mancini) 351, 358

cadence[s] 211, 451, 659, 663

Cadence (film, 1990) 425

chromaticism in 209

cowboy half cadence 302

interrupted 103, 209, 629

pandemonium at (rock) 663

perfect (V-I) 516

precadential 184, 185, 186, 194, 196, 200, 201, 211, 215, 221

US military 422, 425, 430

cadenza 201

caesura 355

café-conc’ 23

Cage, John 30, 370, 556

The Cage (mining song) 354

Cagney and Lacey 676

cakewalk 100

Cale, J J 661

California 355, 356, 361, 647

arms industry boom 374

California Über Alles 647, 832

call-and-response 355

caller (military cadences) 425

Calley, Lt. William 423

calling (in melody) 354-5

Callinicos, Alex 71

call-up (war) 416

calm 132, 217, 220, 224, 236, 239, 268, 270, 430, 518, 530, 673, 674

keeping calm 224

sylvan calm 177

tranquil[ity] 132, 177, 179, 383, 499, 514, 518, 533, 670, 673

CAM --> library music

Cambridge 223, 368

University 49

Press 67

The Camelia Lady 189

Camelot 386

camera and visual editing

close-up[s] 264, 388

‘filmed backwards’ 346

helicopter sweep 515

panning 139

out-of-focus 620

position 139, 140

slow motion 136, 224, 244, 268, 270

soft filter 244

zoom 139, 239, 388, 418, 419

Cameron, Ian 464

Camp Pendleton 425

Campbell J G 106

Campbell, Glen 488

campestral --> field[s]

Campian, Thomas 182

Campo, Francisco Flores del 361

De Camptown Races 325

Canarios (Sanz) 341

can-can 293

canción 356

Canción para mi América 335

cancionero criollo 344

Canciones chuecas 347

candelabra 199

Cannon 585

canon[s], etc. -- See also absolute -- See also authentic -- See also classical -- See also folk -- See also rock, etc.

advantages for institutions

31, 32, 38, 84

authenticity 42

European classical music 11, 12, 17, 18, 19, 28, 29, 30, 32, 34, 37, 39, 41, 46, 48, 53, 55, 61, 66, 68, 69, 74

intellectual 60, 80

jazz 41

rock/pop 61, 64-78, 272

Cantardo arriero (Galícia) 350

canter[ing] --> horse

Canto para cosechar la papa 333

Cantoral, Los Hermanos 356

Cape Horn 309

capital

accumulation of 24, 26

gains tax 421

capitalism/capitalist 8, 21, 23-7, 27, 60, 75, 421, 673, 679

commodity fetishism 650

finance 75

greed 26

monetarism 72, 87, 421, 422

money 22, 25, 26, 664

deified fetish of 26

subjectivity under 8, 17, 23, 26, 29, 60, 75, 76

Capital Radio News 487

capped intervallic outbursts 270

Capriccio espagnol 319, 339, 347

Captain Blood 171

Captain Jack (cadence rhyme) 426

car[s] 138, 382, 383, 461, 494, 496, 498, 499, 617, 621, 622, 623, 646, 656, 657, 658, 660, 672, 674, 675

anaphones of 622

car crash 651

carefree 132, 224, 430, 662

caress[ing] 131, 172, 674

Caribbean 567

caricature 419

Carmen 319, 320, 338, 339, 341, 348

Carmichael, Hoagy 268

Carnes, Kim 108

carnival 415

carousel 496

Carpenter, John 600

Carter Family 374, 375

Cartesian split 27

cartoon

figure 494, 495, 498

music 575, 577

Cartwrights, The 366, 378

cascading 261

Cash, Johnny 374

Cass, Henry 203

castle 589

Casualties of War 456

catastrophe 123, 133, 567

categories

connotative 675

emotional 430

musical 103–105

non-verbal 675, 677

--> musicogenic --> VVAs

cattle 100, 393

Cavendish --> library music

Cawelti, John 291, 580

CBS Evening News 341, 388

CCCS 10, 64-5, 79, 81, 85, 805

celebrate, celebration[s], celebratory 97, 123, 409, 410, 412, 415, 417, 419, 420, 422, 423, 428, 430, 647, 657 -- See also festivity -- See also holiday

centenary 415

galas 410

jubilee 61, 416

public 422

wedding 328, 416, 417, 675

celebrities 263, 254

celesta 239, 414, 588

cello/celli --> strings

Cello Concerto (Elgar) 223

censorship (music) 468

centenary 415

Centre f. Cont. Cult. Studs. --> cccs

Centre for Mass Communication Research (Leicester) 81

centrifugal 102

The Century of the Self 43

C’era una volta in America 197, 456

C’era una volta il West 377, 652

ceremonial 409

Chambers, Jack 580

champagne 199

Champion the Wonder Horse 295

championship (sport) 428

The Champs 336, 361

Chandler, Raymond 301, 580, 629

changing the guard 409, 415

Channel Four TV 75

Chanson Triste 315

chants / chanting 576

Anglican 175, 176

--> cadence (US milit.)

chaos 133, 461

Chaplin, Charlie 428

Modern Times 484

character building 222, 223

charity (cultural) 23

Charles, Prince of Wales 62

Charmaine (Rapée)190, 211

Charpentier, F 218, 227

Charters, Samuel 595

charts (record sales) 61

chase / chasing 134, 137, 151, 298, 319, 430, 461, 486, 496, 498, 499, 617, 623, 646, 651, 674, 676

‘chase’ 483

chase and struggle music 300

music 298–302, 587, 599–600

vs riding music 299-302

Wagnerian 300

The Chase (Nighthawks) 600

Chase Across 69th St. Bridge 600

Chase at the Zoo (Mancini) 600

Chase, Gilbert 37

‘cheap’ 487

cheer[-ful/-y] 419, 420, 426, 429, 675 -- See also brisk -- See also perky -- See also jaunty

‘cheery violence’ 494

Chernoff, John Miller 38, 71

Cherubini, Luigi 533

chest --> register /vocal

Chester, Andrew 63

Chew, Geoffrey 518

Chiang Kai-shek’s daughter 532

Chicago (band) 206

Chicago (city) 567, 570, 571

Chicho --> Ferlosio 348

The Chiffons 95

Child Support Agency advert 661

childish 532

children 97, 243, 244, 249, 250, 251, 252, 258, 410, 412, 418, 428, 429, 430, 496, 533

fun to kill (for US military) 425

‘lactic acid’ music 495

imitating gun sounds 648

target group 375

Chile 309, 328, 336, 342, 361, 420

Trad. 337, 342

chilena 361

China 322

news reports (1989) 501

Chion, Michel 581

Chips, Mr 428

chirpy 496

chitarra battente 341

chivalry 132, 421

Chomsky, Noam 6

Chopin, Frédéric 31, 168, 171, 180, 189, 215, 218, 225, 226, 227, 228, 231, 232, 314

chorale[s] 178; by Bach 184–185

chords and intervals -- See also harmony -- See also modes

added 6th (major triad) 173, 175, 179, 208, 221 -- See also (this entry, below) under sixths /doorstop

added 6th (minor triad)

(this entry, below) under half-diminished

added 9th (minor triad)

(this entry, below) under minor-triad /m add 9

altered chords 577–578

Amen chord 175, 664

iv, not IV 210–4, 221

augmented chord 208

augmented 4th 584, 587

augmented 5th 626

‘autonomous’ chords 192, 577–8 -- See also (this entry, below) under half-diminished

Ave Maria chord 173–180, 204, 215, 218, 270, 805

backing chords170

bare fifths 533

big-country chords 344, 357-62

broken chords 171

capped intervals 270

clusters (diatonic) 536

crisis chords 212, 221, 806

-- See also (this entry, above) under Amen -- See also (this entry, below) under half-diminished

cowboy chords 357-362

crunch chord 456

detective chord[s] 625-628. See (this entry, below) under minor-triad chords /min. maj, /min. 6 add9

spy chord 578

diminished 208, 226

5th (this entry, below) under flat 5th (this entry, below) under half-dim.

7th (dim.) 21, 186, 189, 445

8ve 630

dominant[al] 173, 192, 205, 213, 214, 345, 372 -- See also harmony

ninth 204-5

minor ninth (V-9) 577

secondary dominant 629

doorstop interval 228, 229, 806

enharmonic 182, 212, 626, 629

falling intervals 450 -- See also direction

falling sixth 225

fifths 103

augmented 626

bare 533

diminished +(this entry, below) under flat 5th

distorted 652, 660

parallel 533

rising 624

flat 2/supertonic (bII) 558 -- See also modes /phrygian

flat 2nd/supertonic (b2) -- See also modes /phrygian

flat 3/mediant (bIII) 361, 662-3

flat 3rd/mediant (b3) 442, 573-4, 584, 662 -- See also modes /minor

flat 5th (b5) 448, 579–588, 597, 599, 601

flat 6/submediant (bVI) 206, 215, 361, 558

bVI-Vt 157, 212–4

bVI7-V7 (blues) 629

interrupted cadence 103

-- See also (this entry, below) under Neapolitan -- See also modes

flat 6th/submediant (b6) 442, 445-53, 466

flat 7 (bVII) 179, 322–336, 350, 355, 356, 360, 357-372, 663

bVII-I 662

as pivot 359 ff.

flat 7th (b7) 322, 361, 372, 495, 630 -- See also modes

flat 9 (b9 or -9)

dominant V-9 577

suspension 212

flat-side chord change 664

half-diminished (m6, m7b5) 180-203, 205, 207-8, 211–4, 215, 269, 464, 566–73

‘autonomous’ 192, 566-7

concerto pathos 198-202

modulatory/pivotal 187-92

woe etc. 181-6, 567-73

intervals (generic) --> intervals

intrusive chords 345

inversions 102, 215

menace chord 656, 662

major 3rds 494, 495

major 6ths (this entry, below) under sixths

major 7ths 356

-- See also (this entry, below) under minor-triad /min. maj. (7 or 9)

major ninths (this entry, below) under ninths

major-triad chords

add6 (this entry, above) under added 6th

maj7 (D7) 208, 221

sus9 (this entry, below) under suspended 9th

mediant (this entry, above) under flat 3 (this entry, above) under flat 3rd

+ (this entry, above) under major 3rds

minor 3rd, 6th, 7th, 9th

+ (this entry, above) under flat 3[rd], 6[th], 7[th], 9[th]

minor-triad chords 111, 517

-- See also (this entry, above) under half-diminished 156-7

chromatic 566-73, 628–31

crunch b3<->2 456

min. 6 (m6) 203 ff., 566–73, 578, 596

min. 6 add9 (m6 add9) 625, 627

min. 7 (m7) 173–80, 221, 578

min. 7 flat 5 (m7b5/m7-5)

+ (this entry, above) under half-diminished

min. maj7 (mD7) 626

min. maj9 (mD9) 206, 578

min. add 9 (m add9) 114, 115, 208, 422-3, 453–466, 566 ff., 577–9, 589, 666

min. sus9 454-5

min. 11 (m11) 578, 585

min. Amen 210–4, 221

subdominant (this entry, above) under min. Amen

modal --> modes -- See also (this entry, above) under flat 3, flat 7

Neapolitan 20, 209, 212–4

ninths 97, 111, 204–208, 215, 218, 221, 412, 461

added 577–579

detective 625-628

+ (this entry, above) under dominant /minor (V-9)

major (this entry, above) under minor-triad /m add 9

+(this entry, above) under minor-triad /min. add 9

modulating 212

prepared (or not) 204-5

octaves

diminished 626, 629, 630

Picardy 3rd (this entry, below) under tierce de Picardie

pivots 180, 215, 345

Dallas pivot 359

bVII chords as 359 ff.

-- See also harmony /modulation

power chord 652–3, 654, 660

second chord (IV6/ii7)173–180 -- See also (this entry, above) under Ave Maria chord

second (supertonic degree) 181, 188, 226 625 -- See also (this entry, below) under second chord -- See also (this entry, above) under Ave Maria -- See also (this entry, above) under flat 2

second (interval) 179, 453, 513, 587, 662 -- See also (this entry, below) under semitone

secondary dominant 629

semitone 179, 190, 207, 516, 598

in m add9 453-8, 461, 464-6

slides 573–577

--> sighing intervals

sixth[s] 97, 412

major and minor 625

doorstop 228, 229, 806

-- See also (this entry, above) under flat 6 -- See also (this entry, above) under flat 6th

drops --> sighing intervals

falling --> sighing intervals

skipping to 226–231

warm tone 229

sevenths 412 (this entry, above) under flat 7 (this entry, above) under flat 7th (this entry, above) under maj.-triad chords /7 + (this entry, above) under min.-triad chords /7

--> modes

drops --> sighing intervals

major in minor key 626-9

shuttle (between two chords) 95, 214, 805

mixolydian I<->bVII 358, 360-1, 630

Shout! I<->vi 345

split chord 168, 226

spy chord 578 (this entry, above) under detective chords

submediant (this entry, above) under sixth[s]

subdominant[al] 173, 176, 179, 187, 191-2, 195, 210-11, 214, 346, 533, 536-7 -- See also harmony

minor variant 210–4, 221

rurality and the 536

supertonic (this entry, above) under second

suspended 4th (sus4) 208, 414

b7sus4 221

suspended 9th (sus9) 204–208, 221, 454-5

suspension[s] 172, 175, 180

pleasant/unpleasant 208

thirds/mediant

-- See also (this entry, above) under major-key -- See also (this entry, above) under minor-key

major 494, 495

minor (this entry, above) under flat 3 (this entry, above) under flat 3rd

tierce de Picardie 344, 361, 391

no equivalent opposite 389

triad 809 -- See also (this entry, above) under major -- See also (this entry, above) under minor

Tristan chord 189, 191

tritone 443, 447, 625, 626

-- See also (this entry, above) under augmented -- See also (this entry, above) under diminished

substitution --> harmony

two-7 chord (ii7) (this entry, above) under Ave Maria

vamp 492

chorus --> sound processing

Christ lag in Todesbanden 185

Christ, Jesus 25, 170, 173, 177, 185, 186, 456

baby Jesus 258

Christgau, Robert 65, 80

Christian, Charlie 373

Christianity 25

Christie, Agatha 580, 604

Christmas 196, 430, 588

carols 311

pastorales 533

White Christmas 589

Christmas Oratorio 101, 517

chromatic[ism] --> harmony

chrom/-e/-ium 486, 496, 646, 674

church modes --> modes

church music (English) 175, 176

Church of the Flatted Fifth 579–588

Churchill, Frank 445

Churchill, Winston 417

CIA 6, 420

Cielito lindo 356

cigarette[s] 136, 461, 617, 674

Cigars, Muriel 585

cinema 420

VVA category 553

newsreel 416

Cipriani, Stelvio 589

circle of fifths --> harmony

circus 97, 123, 409, 410, 412-3, 424

bands 412, 427

definitions 416

Citizen Kane 569

Città violenta 587

city 139, 303, 388, 389, 393, 413, 459, 487, 496, 619, 623, 646, 674 -- See also urban

big city 494, 617, 621, 676

vs country 298

Ciudád Real 336

Civil War

US South & cowboy songs 324

civilian[s] 410, 416

Clair de lune (Debussy) 171

clandestinity 133, 569

Clapton, Eric 60, 62

Claribel 219, 220

clarinet --> orchestration

Clarinet Concerto in A (Mozart) 14

clarinetists 597

‘Clark Street’ (E Bernstein) 580, 582, 594–595, 599

class 23, 38-41, 60-1, 64-5, 70-2, 79, 83-86, 418, 429

differences 418

middle class 38, 64, 71-3, 83

music as class identity 23

privilege 421

ruling 41, 65, 79, 84

social mobility (up/down) 24

struggle 42, 430

upper class 170-1, 269, 429, 674

aristocracy 60, 224

English 224

snob 430

‘well-bred’ 430

up-market 676

working class 40, 42, 70-1, 84-5,

values of community 86

classical music (European art music) 19, 60, 66, 103, 215, 269, 500, 514, 516, 517, 518, 519

becomes ‘classical’ 18

canon of 11, 12, 17, 18, 19, 28, 29, 30, 32

‘classicalness’ of 196

institutional aesthetics of 11 ff.

meadows and 244

petrification of tradition 18–19

popular music as 62

Classics by Candlelight 516, 518

classification -- See also musicogenic -- See also vva

Appendix 4 745-768

emotional 430

library music 125-30

musicogenic 675

classroom situation 118

clavinet 388, 476, 495

Clayderman, R 136, 175, 516, 518

clean 137, 153, 245, 588

sound 637, 653, 660

light 133

Clear Rock’s Chisolm Trail 325

Cleese, John 224

clever 676

cliché 647

cliffs 604

Clifton, Harry 294

Cline, Patsy 228

clinical 588

clip-clop 100, 295-6, 303-4, 343, 396, 591

US or Latin 342–343

cloak-and-dagger 368, 624

clockwork 622

A Clockwork Orange 14

Cloonan, Martin 89

close --> closure --> near vs far

close shave 217

close-up[s]

camera 264, 388

microphone 472

vs panorama 388

closure 658, 659, 664 -- See also cadence

closural device 228

Miami Vice’s lack of 660, 664

clothes/clothing 499 -- See also fashion

bikini 264

bow tie 418

fedora (hat) 584

flared trousers 553

costumes

loud 423

Western 331

dinner jacket 499

dress

long, flowing 257, 266

white tulle 244

elegant 132, 386

headbands (towelling) 650

leg warmers (pastel shade) 650

loose 248

outfit (costume) 424

ragged 331

robes 253

sartorial 605

tails 499

toga 18

skirts 391, 394

trenchcoat 584, 585

turban 418

white 244-245, 674

clouds 240, 261, 518

of sand 386

clown[s] 428, 429

club[s] 151, 265, 464, 570, 572, 597, 601, 617, 650, 672, 675

clustering (statistics) 149

clusters (diatonic) 536

Clwydian Hills 254, 265

coarseness 430

coast 674

Coates, Eric 222, 224, 724

Coborn, Charles 294

Coca Cola (is “it”) 74

Cocaine (J J Cale) 661

cockrel as major third 47

coconut shells 292, 295

codal interference 274

Code Napoléon 22

coercive 134

cogitation 430

cognition, musicogenic 105

Cohen, Stanley 85

Cohn, Nic 64, 65

Coker, Jerry 272

cold 133, 589

Cold War 367

Coleman, Cy 574, 584, 585

collective vs individual 391–394

collectors (folk music) 38

college 410

girls 668

of music --> conservatories

Collier, John 259

Collins, Charles 213

Collins, Karen 30, 61, 89

colonialism 38

British Empire 63, 223

colonial service 223

colonisation 45

European 60

Spain, Portugal, Naples 329

Colorado 355

coloratura 224

colour 133, 530, 534

Farben (Schönberg) 535

Coltrane, John 32, 583, 628

Columbia University 44

combat/-ive 426

Il combattimento di T. e C. 471

Come into the Garden, Maud 174, 205

Come un lamento (Verdi) 574

comedy 346, 429, 626, 674

comic bustle 494–498

humour 97, 132, 412, 413, 419, 428, 495

incongruity a prerequisite 413

joke[s] 132, 627

come-ons 592

The Comets 375

comfort 170, 173

comic[al] --> comedy

Comin’ Round the Mountain 377

Comin’ Through The Rye 349, 352

coming home 134

commandments (biblical) 24

commercial 6, 23, 35, 43, 56, 68, 72, 85, 264, 396, 468, 554

US Country music 373–5

-- See also advert[ising]

commodity / commodities

fetishism 650

metamorphosis of 23

subjectivity and exchange of 24

common sense, musical --> VVAs

communists 425, 426

community 391–394, 621

commutation (a.k.a. HS or hypothetical substitution)

95, 98–99, 105, 194, 205, 217, 227, 352, 335, 350, 360-1, 381, 385, 386, 451, 453, 494-5, 497, 562, 599-600, 806

compact 604

Compañeros 347

comparative musicology 36, 38

competence (musical) 9-11, 104

competitive 428

sport 426

complaining 182

complex[ity] 132, 604

theories of 87

complicated 590

compose, composition, etc.

composers 97

film music 31

composing 78

compositional norms 102

recomposition 98, 142

compound melody 230

compound metre --> metre

compulsion vs choice 76-7

computer games 7

conceptualisation, problems of

absolutism 26

dissociation 25, 26, 28

concert[s] 410, 428

concert hall 169

concert music 30

rock concert 620

repertoire in C19 France 19

Concerto in F for Piano and

Orchestra (Gershwin) 578

Las conchitas 336

Concierto Aranjuez 371

concrete (urban) 620, 623, 646, 647, 674

confidence 132, 491, 495

confident look 604

self-confidence 585

conflation of text and context 75–6

conflict[ive] 132, 134, 430, 569, 623, 646, 672

confusion --> incongruity

conga (dance) 348

congas (percussion) 647

congeneric 53

conjunct ascent / descent 383

conjunctions 122

Conlan, Joseph 661

Connery, Sean 135, 572

Connolly, Billy 353

connotation[s] 112 et passim

Eco’s definition of 273

coherence of (Streetcar) 551–5

jumble of 417-8

logic of 105

conquer 134

conquistadors 291

Conroy Music --> library music

conscience, dilemmas of 25

consequent 383, 384, 386, 387

-- See also antecedent

conservation of music 60-61

conservative (ideol.) 421, 677

Conservative (UK politics) 417

conservatories 9, 10, 11, 19, 60

slated by Hindemith 30

consolation / console / consoling 173, 176, 177, 178, 179, 217, 430

consonance 172

Constable, John15

constructional 10, 94

competence 9, 28, 806

descriptors 91, 806

problems of 94–95

consumerism 60, 66, 70, 74, 75, 76–8, 89, 420, 421, 621, 647, 650, 664

cultural studies and 87

psychotic symbiosis in 76

rise of 420

vs production (of music) 618

consummation 178

containment of emotion 223, 224

contemplation 132, 460

contemporaneity 553

contentment 535

contest(ation) 426

context and text 68–78

contextual metadiscourse 10, 806

contextual VVAs 137–140

Conti, Bill 676

The Contours 472

contradictory --> incongruity 412

contrary motion 536

Contras 6, 420

contrived 346, 387

control 132

emotions 224, 270

example 412

groups --> respondents

restraint 224

contusive 134

conventional sign 53

Cook, Nicholas 56

Cooke, Deryck 49, 56, 189, 190, 195, 206, 312, 552, 582, 584

cool 60, 132, 245, 265, 579–588, 594, 619

polysemic VVA 138

‘Cool Boy’ (West Side Story) 584

Cool Water 395

cop[s] --> police --> crime

Copacabana 329

Copenhagen 413

Copland, Aaron 30, 100, 536, 537, 625

cor anglais --> orchestration /

Corbucci, Sergio 332

Corcovado (Jobim) 196

Corea, Chick 578

Corelli, Archangelo 183

Corfu 467

Cori di Didone 370

Coriolanus 651

cornfield 243, 265

Cornish Rhapsody 171, 201, 203, 232

corny 415

Coro tipico (Villa Lobos) 458

corporations (multinational) 420

corporeal[ity] --> body

Corpus Christi 178

corrido 371

Cosa avete fatto a Solange? 587

Cosby, Bill 501

cosmic 530

Cossacks (high kicking) 470

Costello, Elvis 456, 625

costumes --> clothing

Count Basie 622

counterpoint (gestural) 225

countess 386

country[side] 101, 139, 195, 218, 224, 238, 241–246, 248, 257, 382–5, 461, 516, 674

vs town 391–394

--> nature --> rural

Country [& Western] music 102, 295-6, 343, 471

crossovers to thriller and Latin genres 395–396

electrification and commercialisation of 373–375

influence on rock 373–375

‘patriotism’ in 422

percussion in 342–343

couple[s] 167, 218, 224, 238, 239, 244, 265, 430, 458, 459, 460, 500, 514, 674

two people 674

courage[ous] 197, 676-7

Courage, Alexander 624

courteous love 218

courtroom 592

courtroom drama 4

Covach, John 82

cover girls 263

cover version (Virginian) 346

coward 380

cowboy[s] 122, 463, 674

action aspect 367-78, 395

cowherding 350, 355

films and fascism 293

flat seventh chords 357 ff.

incongruous in cities 299

narrative genre 291

routine scenes for music 299

songs 307–310, 324

British origins of 324–327

cowherding songs 350

Swedish TV 296

Viking comparison 307

Crabb, Ivan & Janice 602

Crane, Walter 259, 260

crash 134, 651

crazy 133

Crazy (W Nelson) 218, 228

Cream (band) 586, 594

cream cheese advert 583

Creedence Clearwater Revival 662

creepy 133, 569, 590

Creole 344, 567, 570 -- See also criollo

crescendo 102, 156, 157, 169, 432, 505, 637

cricket 417, 426

crime 115, 135, 136, 430, 460, 518, 566–573, 577, 580, 581, 601, 617, 620, 621, 623, 666

criminal 4, 5, 6, 133, 135, 459

criminality 114

love and bitterness 458–466

criollo 344, 345, 361 -- See also Creole

crisis 191

chord --> chord[s]

section 419

critical 429

Critical Musicology Forum 8, 57

critical theory 44

critical thinking 679

criticism (rock) 64–78

Crosby, Bing 374, 605

cross-association / cross-connotation 299, 301-2, 469, 473

rock-youth-cars 622

rock-youth-crime 624

crossing hands 233

Crossing Number 9 (Blake) 353

crossovers

cowboy, thriller, Latin 395–396

cross-rhythm 343, 532 -- See also metre

crowd[s] 172, 235, 423, 428, 500, 619, 674

crowded 392

Crowley, H E 379

crude 133, 533

cruel[ty] 123, 133, 566, 568, 646, 674

The Cruel Mother 336

Cruise, D A 53

Cruise, Tom 4

crunch, minor add9 456

cry[ing] 192, 353, 446, 449, 459, 460, 576, 674

Cry Tough (Poison) 423

Crying (Travelling Willburys) 230

Crying Time (Owens) 575

csárdás 320

Cuando calienta el sol 347

Cuban revolution 355

Cubana Be/Bop 567, 578

La cucaracha 348, 355, 356

cue sheets 30

cueca 342, 361

Cugat, Xavier 361

cult stud[s] 59, 67, 806

cultural conservatism 310

cultural dominance 132

cultural emergence 132

cultural relativity 39

ethnomusicology 38 ff.

cultural studies 8, 78–89

low reciprocity of discourse 83

music marginal in 80–84

pioneers and forerunners 84

problems in 1980s 85–88

pseudo-politicisation of 83

cultural theory 67

culturally ambivalent, negative, neutral, positive VVAs 131-3

Cumberland Gap 353

Cummings, E E 54

Cupid 264

El cura no va a la iglesia 337, 344, 391

current affairs music 492

Cursos latinoamericanos de música contemporânea 116, 117, 796

curtir 806

Curtis, Adam 43

Curtis, Tony 596

curve[-d/-s] 133, 253, 256-8

curvilinear 134, 239, 250, 251, 260, 261, 265

Custom Eyes eye shadow 649

cut-off (end Miami Vice) 660

Cutler, Chris 79

cuts (visual/musical) 387

cynical / cynicism 580, 594

Cyporyn, Dennis 341, 352, 354

The Czar’s Messenger 810

Czech[s] 320

Swedish connotations of 329

Czerny études 19

D

‘D’Arnot’s Vision’ 589

Dad’s Army 136, 429

Daffy Duck 575

Dagworthy, Wendy 649

Dahlhaus, Carl 15, 18, 21, 23, 36, 48, 68, 271

Dakota (Shadows) 358

Dale tu mano al indio 335

Dallas (TV) 302

pivot chord 359

The Dam Busters 222, 223

Damiani, Damiano 332

Damnation of Faust (Berlioz) 71

dance / dancing 170, 329, 392, 486, 498–501, 605, 645-6, 650, 653

private and public 498–501

semiquavers in 392

Dance to the Music 653

Dancer, April 621

danger[ous] 133, 137, 309, 430, 461, 493, 601, 647, 650–654, 670

menace 650–54, 656, 660

chord 656, 662

note/tone 651, 660, 661

threat[ening] 5, 133, 135, 197, 307, 319, 419, 461, 464, 566, 569, 573, 604, 618, 619, 644, 650–53, 656, 661, 674

threatened 197, 419

Dangerous Moonlight 199, 203

Daniélou, Alain 558

Dante Allighieri 39

Danube (at 300 kph) 486

Daphnis et Chloë (Ravel) 168, 246, 247, 564

Darbietungsmusik 103

dare / daring 132, 355, 461

dark[ness] 133, 207, 213, 442-4, 446, 448, 450, 452, 459, 460, 466, 566, 567, 568, 569, 570, 572, 590, 627, 674

Darling Corey 353

Darmstadt 370

Darstellungsmusik 103

David of White Rock 517

Davies, Ray 62

Davies, Stephen 56

Davis, Angela 42

Davis, Bette 171

Davis, Miles 41, 367, 371, 578, 582

Davy Crockett 354, 355

Dawn of the Dead 581

day --> time /of day --> holiday

Day In The Life 457, 561, 573, 575

Day, Doris 498

De George, R 296

De Guella theme 371, 456

De Niro, Robert 464

De Rose, Peter 268

De Wolfe --> library music

Dead Kennedys 647, 832

death 133, 173, 177, 185, 190, 196, 198, 203, 307-9, 314, 442-4, 446, 448, 449, 450, 456, 466, 563, 565, 566, 568, 569, 570, 605, 661, 674

dying 182, 183, 207

death metal --> rock

‘Death of Oahn’ (film cue) 456

Deayton, Angus 576

Debussy, Claude 30, 171, 192, 200, 204, 246, 260, 380, 471

decadence / decadent 459, 460

deceit 463

deckare (incl. detective, P.I., i.e. detective as person or genre, see Glossary) -- See also crime -- See also police -- See also mystery -- See also spy, etc.

127, 135, 206, 366-9, 395, 430, 458-9, 460, 463, 464, 487, 492, 494, 499, 571–573, 579–588, 598, 601, 604, 605, 617, 624-6, 627, 629, 657-9, 666, 668, 674, 676.

gumshoe (detective) 629

private eyes 579–588

declamatory 422

Declaration of Human Rights (United Nations) 7, 678

deconstruction, musical 78

decontextualisation of body 73, 75, 87, 421

decoration / decorative 416

chromaticism 209

dedicated 197

Dee (River) 255

deep feelings 196

Deep In The Heart Of Texas 368, 374, 375

Deep Purple (band) 109, 114, 141, 268, 375, 462, 607–632, 666-7

-- See also Owed to ‘g’

Deep Purple (tune) 268, 269

defalsification of music history 679

defeat 569, 604

definite/definitive 132

goal[s] 269, 393, 676

dego 362

deification of money 26

dejection 601

Dejenme paso que voy 337

Delalande, François 56

deliberate 100

movement 269

Delibes, Léo 31

delicate 130, 515

delight 195

delinquency/delinquent[s] 584, 623, 646, 657

Delon, Alain 587

democra/-cy/-tic 4, 7, 46, 63, 80, 84-85, 88, 90-91,421, 490, 678-9

demographic[s] 8, 13, 117, 142, 149, 326, 375,

demonstration (political) 410, 412

Den Frieden, Dem Freiheit 177

denial 186

Denisoff, R Serge 13, 43

Denny, Sandy 323

density 133

Dent, Edward J 16

depart[ure] --> parting

depravity 581

depressive 319

deprivation 22

Depuis le jour 218, 227

Derek and the Dominoes 62

Derringer, Rick 653

Desai, Meghnad 54

descen/-d/-t --> direction / descend

desert (barren) 297, 302, 354, 381, 388, 674

deserted 138, 389, 393, 536

designation 112, 513

desire (object relations) 71

despair / desperate 133, 181, 185, 203, 456, 471, 599

despondency/despondent 183, 459

destination 389

destiny 459, 672, 674

destructive/destruction 426, 605

Det var en gång en sjöman 429

detective --> deckare -- See also crime

-- See also mystery -- See also police -- See also spy

determination/determined 130 430, 461, 590, 677

Ein deutches Requiem 313

deviation factor --> statistics

devious 676

devotion/devoted178, 197

dew 172, 235, 247

diabolus in musica 582

-- See also chords & intervals /tritone

diachronic process 659

diagetic closure 389

Dialogo della musica antica… 312

diapason 223

Dickensian living conditions 22

Dickinson, Angie 676

diction 52

Diderot, Denis 15, 68

Dido and Aeneas 182

Dies irae 565

Dietrich, Marlene 671, 676

Dietz & Rainger 566

difficult[y] / difficulties / adversity / adversities / problem[s] (VVA) 133, 459, 460, 461-3, 572, 577, 590, 620, 621, 623

setbacks (VVA) 460

Digibells 589

digital sound processing 651

dignitaries 413, 428, 668

dignity 197, 198

digressiveness 555–562

Dillon, Matt 366

Dimetapp antihistamine pills 573

diminished --> chords & intervals

diminuendo 102, 157, 169

dinner jacket --> clothes

Dion, Céline 422

Dionysian frenzy 663

directed[ness]/direction[ality] 302, 305, 387, 590 -- See also adventive -- See also exitive

anacrusis 102, 103, 115, 169, 200, 242, 297, 349, 359, 442, 446, 447, 450, 451, 563, 592, 590–5, 599, 601, 604, 663

ascend[ing]/ascent/up[wards]

conjunct / disjunct 383, 385

triadic 383

intervals 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453

backwards 346

retrogr/-ade/-essive 175, 560

descend/descent, falling 139, 379, 385, 442, 443, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 466 -- See also melody

downwards 569

end of blues period 630

darkness/night 444

melody 595–596

forwards 73, 102, 211,215, 591

harmonic 215, 514, 587, 626-8

horizontal change 657–64

skips to 6th 227–231

melodic 379–382, 452

--> over/across

problems of 297-8, 568, 657–64

propulsive 211, 215, 341, 385, 490, 491, 590, 622

to and fro 72, 674

towards 297

dirge 570

dirt[y] 133, 459, 460

disappointment 133, 217, 660, 661

disaster 198, 674

discipline 133, 223, 421

academic 8-10, 22, 38, 37-38, 47-48, 52, 57-8, 60, 64, 79-83, 88-90, 92, 104

Disclosure (film) 456

disco 168, 486, 488, 491, 646, 531, 646, 648, 649, 652, 654

discothèque 622, 650, 657

vs rock 622

discomfort 463

discontinuity --> disjunct[ive]

discourse, problems of

contextual 10, 806

cultural studies 83

metacontextual 9, 10, 28, 59, 83, 678, 807

metatextual/metamusical 9, 10, 28, 59, 91, 92, 678, 807

musicological 103

-- See also metalanguage -- See also method

Disdain Me Still (Byrd) 316

disgust[ing] 133, 464, 569

dishonesty 463

disillusionment 393

disjunct[ive]/disjointed/discontinuity 97, 101, 265, 268, 391, 442

ascent 383, 385

flooding 221, 225–231

Disney, Walt 589, 591

songs 429

disorder 133, 461

display[s] 97, 410, 416, 424, 427

public 422 -- See also performance

disrespectful 419

dissociation (epistemic) 25-28

business from conscience 25

dissonance[s] --> harmony

distance/distant 137, 353, 354, 415

land/place 445, 447 -- See also far

distanced/distancing 138, 346, 372

VVAs 134, 137

distortion --> sound processing

distress 595–596

disturb[-ance/-ing] 133, 430, 674

Dives and Lazarus 322, 323

‘divine velocity’ 485

The Divinyls 207

division of labour 673

musical 48

Dixieland --> jazz

Do You Love Me? 472-3

dobro 353

documentary 518, 617, 621

Dodge City 302, 605

‘dog-eat-dog’ 75

doh-pentatonic --> modes

Doina din Arges 564

doleful 182

dollar film --> Western /Italian

DOMUS 108

Don Cossacks 322

Don Juan 319, 377, 568

Don’t Dilly Dally By The Way 213

Don’t Fence Me In 374

Donegan, Lonnie 353

Donizetti, Gaetano 443, 448, 452

Donna (Valens) 338

Donne, John 54

Donnington, Robert 208

doom 305, 554-5, 651, 660, 664

doom and gloom 314, 449

doomsday bass 660

doomsday registration 153, 637

doorstop note 228, 229, 806

dope 646

dor do cotovelo 806

dorian --> modes

Dorian Toccata (Bach) 183

Dorothy (Oz) 389

Dorsey, Tommy 579

Dos Passos, John 301

Double Indemnity 171

double-neighbour elaboration 451

doubt 471

Douglas, Carl 531

dour 207

Dowland, John 181, 316, 577

m sus9 in songs by 455

Down by the Riverside 229

The Down Homers 375

down-home 422

Down Wapping 391

downward[s] --> direction

Dr Finlay’s Casebook 262

Dr Hook (& Medicine Show) 207

Dr No 372, 626, 629

Dr Strangelove 390

Dr Zhivago 136, 171, 452, 470

Dracula 120

dragging 134, 577

Dragnet 572

drama 132, 224, 590, 592, 595, 617

dramatic 127, 300, 417, 422, 590, 598, 604

dream[s]/dreaming 132, 460, 596

as melodic contour category 220

dreamy 170, 269

melodic archetype 268

The Dream of Olwen (‘Olwen’, Tune 1) 14, 99, 107, 111, 112, 114, 122, 129, 130, 136, 142, 144, 145, 147, 148, 149, 150, 153, 155-276, 297, 317, 382, 414, 449, 463, 464, 499, 514, 515, 516, 532, 557, 561, 597, 621, 632, 666, 667, 668, 669, 670

dreary 577

dress --> clothes

Dreyfus, Madame 248

drifting 518

drink[ing] 601, 620

Drink To Me Only 323, 324

driving 486, 494, 623, 674

polysemic VVA 138

driving the action 659, 660, 677

drone[s] 312, 323, 346, 533, 661

modal minor 321

low menace 661

droopiness 452

droplets 241, 245-9 -- See also water

dropouts 619

drowning 261

drugs 581, 582, 620, 623, 664

drugged 133

public TV advert 661

drum[s] 428, 430, 476 -- See also percussion

bass/kick 398, 608-9, 622

danger and 650–652

cymbal 608-9

fashion and 649

kit 621, 628

electronic 115

machine 621, 647, 650, 653, 654, 660

snare 378, 398, 608-9, 622, 649

rim shot[s] 295, 296, 305, 342–3

toms 378, 608-9

drum majorette[s] 668, 675

drummer 428

drunkenness 575

dry 122, 305

musical term in Africa 385

term describing sound 651, 654

Du bist wie eine Blume 178, 218

Du großer Schmerzensmann 456

dualism -- See also epistemological

figure/ground, melody/accompaniment 264, 269, 387, 657

dubious 601

duck on horseback 346

Duck, You Sucker! 396

Dudley, Dave 390

duel 371, 569

Duel in the Sun 304, 351

duets for piano 233

Dukas, Paul 591, 592

Dukes of Hazard 621

dulcimer (hammered) 373, 377

dumbing down 85

Duncan, Johnny 352

Duncan, Trevor 348

Dunkirk 416, 417

Dunn, Bob 373

duration of test examples 118

Durch Adams Fall… 456

Durham, Eddie 373

Durkheim, Émile 39

dusty 391

Dvorák, Antonín 31, 303, 319, 320

New World Symphony 325

Dyer, Richard 71

dying --> death

The Dying Cowboy 308

Dylan, Bob 310, 326, 374, 658

dynamics (loud/soft) --> volume

dynamism 132, 672, 673

dysphoria 446

Dyuk Stepanovich 322

E

Ealing 104

ear candy 649

Ear Magazine 491, 552

‘earthiness’ 672

Eastern Intrigue (Rundgren) 531

Eastwood, Clint 331, 346, 362, 365, 378, 396

Easy Rider 136, 585

eat 429 -- See also food & drink

ebonics (‘jive talk’) 54

ecclesiastical 120

eclecticism 370

Eco, Umberto 51-3, 55, 73, 271, 273

ecological 48

ecstatic 132

Eddy, Duane 367, 368, 375, 395, 599, 600

education 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 23, 28-9, 31-2, 44-7, 57-9, 61-2, 66-7, 74, 80-1, 83-4, 88, 91-2, 103-4, 108, 116, 222-3, 272, 678-9

democratic imperative 678-9

Sweden 44–46

Edwardian 195 -- See also historical

Edwin Hawkins Singers 95

eerie 127, 588–590

efficient/efficiency 133, 421

of musical coding 554

effusive 424

Egmont (Beethoven) 177

eighties (1980s) --> historical

Einfühlung (Lissa) 125

Einleitung i/d Musiksoziologie 41

Der Einsame (R Strauss) 444

Einsamkeit (Schubert) 188, 189

Eisler, Hanns 39, 124

El Alamein, Battle of 416

electric guitar --> guitar

The Electric Muse 323

Electric Musk cologne 649

electrification

Country music 373–375

theories Paris to London 88

electronic 127, 518, 648

elegant --> clothing --> fashion

Élégie 314

Elegy 196

for Organ 221-3

Elgar, Sir Edward 60, 195, 210, 211, 220, 221, 223, 224, 428, 495

elitism 71

Elizabeth II --> queen

Golden Jubilee, 2002 61

Elle magazine 263

Ellerton, George 316

Ellington, Duke 41, 204, 567, 573, 578, 582, 597

elm tree 257

Elton John 175

Elvira Madigan 14, 21, 215, 241–246, 262

emancipat/-ion/-ory 85, 421

high art values and 84

rock 65

embrace 195, 224, 250, 391, 646

emergence, cultural 430

Emerson, Keith 600

emigration 308

Emmerdale Farm (‘Emmerdale’, Tune 6) 101, 107, 112, 115, 129, 139, 141, 142, 147, 148, 149, 150, 150, 180, 214, 215, 248, 254, 381, 382-3, 385, 463, 503–520, 597, 604, 632, 666, 667, 668, 669, 670

as ‘female’ tune 514

melodic shape labels 381

similarities with Virginian 382

non-fictional setting 515

emotion/emotional[ity] -- See also affect 60, 220, 224, 249, 604, 674

abandon 251

capping of 224

categorisation of 430

tension 217

empathy: music’s provision of 125

Empfindsamkeit 11

Empire --> UK / British / Empire

empiricism 44 -- See also empiriphobia

lack of in music analysis 105

sociological 43, 43–46

empiriphobia 43, 83, 806

empowerment 85, 88, 291, 679

empty/emptiness 446, 449, 605

Emsheimer, Ernst 40, 45, 46

emulsifying 170

E-Musik 21

En la cordillera llueve 342

enchanting 132

encumbrance 133, 569

The End Of My Old Cigar 411, 412

ending --> finality

enemy 426

energy/energetic 66, 71, 73, 218, 294, 300, 342, 354, 376, 384, 469, 489, 568

L’Enfance du Christ 327, 517

England/English --> UK

horn --> orchestrat. /cor angl.

enharmonic --> chords/intervals

Enigma Variations 195, 221

Enlightenment 11, 15, 16, 17, 27

enmity 133, 410, 430

ENRON 75

Ensminger, M Eugene 293

enterprise 393

Enterprise (Star Trek) 624

entertaining 428

entertainment 60, 123, 410, 412, 419, 424, 428, 429

Entfühlung 125

Entrance of the Gladiators 427

enveloping 646, 661

epaulettes 427

episodic marker 99, 101–3, 806

episodic time --> time

epistemic 68, 83, 89, 90

epistemological/epistemology 9-12

traditions 34

Great Divide 9-12, 27–28

use of VVA taxonomy in 142

eponym (lyrics) --> transscansion

Eppstein, Hans 16, 47

equine anaphone 154, 343

Erbarm’ dich mein, O Herre… 456

Erdmann, Bengt 44

Erdmann, Hans 31

Eriksson, Maj 141

Erlkönig (Schubert) 188, 319

Erlösung (Parsifal) 190

Eroica Symphony 22

eroticism --> sexuality

eruptive 134, 625

Es schauen die Blumen 446

escapades 429

escape 222, 302, 387

Escape from New York 600

escort agency 676

espionage 631 --> spy

Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments 20

essive 134

established order (political) 418-9

estradnaya muzyka 471

Estudiantina 340

eternal/eternity 18, 25, 39, 76, 239, 189, 484

ethereal 126, 127, 170, 179, 443

ethnic[ity] 319, 371, 377 -- See also exotic

baseball music 330

‘ethnic’ 666

folk lute 466-9, 471-2

German 320

instruments and 466–474

Mediterranean 328

modal 319, 320, 322-3, 329, 330

mood music category 313

tourism tracks 467

ethnocentricity/-ism 31, 39, 78, 666

pentatonicism 531–532

ethnomusicology 8, 22, 35, 36–39, 40, 50, 53, 83, 89, 90, 468

legitimate safaris in 83

Ethnomusicology (journal) 22, 37

étude-broilers 19

etymophony 180, 195, 205, 208, 274, 488–494, 666, 806

Europe[an] 428, 459, 514, 518

Decency Threshold 63

Eurocentricism 38

global power to USA 413

Europe (pomp metal band) 424

Evans, Ray 305

evening 220, 443, 674

Everett, Walter 82

Everly Brothers 357

everyday (adj.) 514, 519, 530, 536

evil 646

evildoers 463

Eviva España 348

Ewell, Tom 199

exaggeration (suspense notes) 627

exalted 186

‘excellence’ 19, 66

exceptions proving rules 54

excite-ment/-ing 132, 217, 246, 299, 426, 461, 623-4, 644, 646, 674

“excited” 483

exclusive scores 151

executioner 5

exertion 376

exitive 134, 139, 140, 387, 459, 460

exotic[ism] 102, 127, 319, 328, 329, 371, 533, 621 -- See also ethnic

ethnicity/exoticism 466–74

instrumentation and 466–472

minor modes 327–330

expectation 471

explore/exploring 134, 387

extensional 55, 63, 65

external forces 461 -- See also fate

external obstacles 459, 460

extramusical 161, 271, 295, 806 -- See also paramusical

extreme metal --> rock

exuberance 368

eye shadow 605, 645, 649

F

Fabbri, Franco 10, 79, 81, 89, 96, 101, 806, 809

facial expression 52

fade-out 157, 169, 279, 433, 476, 522, 541, 609,

Fafner (Rheingold) 261

Der Fahnder 624

failure 133, 459

fainting 220

fair (bright) 133

fair (market) 415

Fairport Convention 322, 323

Faith, Percy 142, 278, 292, 346, 361

Falck,Edward 325

Falconetti’s Revenge 600

Falla, Manuel de 320

falsetto 350, 396

Faltermeyer, Harold 5

Fame 500, 620

family 429, 536, 674

target group for Virginian 375

La Fanciulla del West 325

fandango 320, 336-341

Fandango asturiano 338, 339

fanfare 191, 378, 416, 624, 625

electric guitar 376

Fanfare for the Common Man 625

fantasia 518

Fantasia (Disney) 591

Fantasia on Greensleeves 346

fantasy 132

far/far away 388, 472

far from the madding crowd 177

Farben (Schönberg) 535

Fargo, Donna 422

Fari della notte 586

farm[s] 533, 536

farm workers 197

farmhouse 515

Farnaby, Giles 345

farruca 320

fart 419, 588 (bassoon)

fascism / fascist[s] 197, 419, 420

cowboy films and 293

speed, war, hygiene and 485

fashion 136, 151, 171, 496, 552, 553, 605, 647, 649–650, 657, 660, 664, 666, 676 -- See also clothes

African-American 649

drums and 649

elegant 132, 386

hip/cool/‘in’ 60, 132, 495, 579–588, 619, 647, 649, 650

Latin influences on 649

drums in music for 649

new look 554

1970s and 1980s 553

obsolescence guaranteed 496

old-fashioned 238, 500

Paris 649

show 554, 647, 649

street style 649

stylishness 657

suave 660

‘trendy object’ 552, 647, 649, 650

up-to-date 495, 553, 647

fast --> speed

fate 132, 446, 449, 459, 568, 574, 592

fateful 371, 566

Faulty Records 647, 832

Fauré, Gabriel Pour Dolly 250

Faust 207

fax machines 489

FBI 368

FBI (Shadows) 625

The FBI in Peace and War 572

fear 133, 208, 459, 471, 597, 656

spread by advertising 678

scary 137

fedora (hat) --> clothes

feedback --> sound processing

Feld, Steve 53, 83

female -- See also gender -- See also girls -- See also men -- See also women

‘feminine chaos’ 171

femininity 536

in Western narrative 394

male and 666–678

maternal instinct 672

speaking pitch 648

townsfolk 394

tunes 514, 666-678

feminism 71

femme fatale --> women

Fender --> guitar --> piano

Leo 373

‘fenderised’ 372

Fenton, George 624

Ferlosio, José Antonio Sánchez (a.k.a. Chicho) 348, 835

Fernando (Abba) 91, 102, 105, 196, 338, 352, 467

Ferri, Costatino 370

Ferrier, Kathleen 316

fervour 176, 177

festive 410, 417, 428, 429, 430, 673

festivity, festivities -- See also holiday 132, 409, 410, 424

Fêtes (Debussy) 246

fetish[ism]

commodity 650

folk authenticity 310

money 26

feudal aristocracy 60

feudalism 11, 16, 17, 18, 23

fiddle 391

Fiddler on the Roof 446

field[s] (rural) 136, 224, 243, 262, 265, 303, 381, 388 -- See also meadow[s]

field trip 36

fifth[s] --> chords/intervals

Fifty Years of Film Music 108

fight[ing] 123, 134, 135, 137, 371, 417, 419, 426, 428, 569

armed combat 423

fight music 599–600

Wagnerian 300

‘fighting for what??’ (US) 430

‘fighting spirit’ (US) 422, 426

The Fighting Side Of Me 423

figure/ground 264, 269, 387, 657

film 617, 623

silent 30, 314, 567

VVA category 553

film music 35, 62, 124

dual commodity character 109

composers of, Germanic 31

functions of 124–125

musematic analysis and 109

music history, absence in 29–32

reception test criteria 109

film noir 463-4, 572, 580, 592

filter (soft optical) 244

final/-ity 206, 207, 210-2, 214, 659

ending 137, 459, 460, 660, 674

final chord Miami Vice 661

Final Countdown (Europe) 424

The Final Rip Off 414

finals (sports competition) 415

finance capitalism 75

fin-de-siècle 257

Finesilver, Mike 465, 466

Finnish grammar 134

Fire (Hendrix) 593

fire 172, 235

Fistful --> per un pugno di dollari

Five Hundred Miles 353

‘five-o’-clock shadow’ 419

flag[s] (incl. ensigns and banners) 409, 412, 415, 428

flageolets 575-576

flamenco 329, 371, 386, 393

Flamini, Alberto 370

Flanagan, Bud 412, 429

flares --> clothes

Flash Gordon 569

flash[-ing] 646

lights 486, 623

Flashdance 136, 500, 620

flashy 132, 424

‘flashy’ 487

flat (b) --> chords/intervals

flatpicking 375

Flatt, Lester 353

Flaubert, Gustave 77, 220

Die Fledermaus 102

flickering 247

Der fliegende Holländer 307

flight --> fly

Flint, R W 484

float[ing] 131, 136, 244, 253, 260,

flooding 261

Florida 664

Floros, Constantin 48

flow[ing] 136, 171, 233, 236, 237, 238, 239, 244, 245, 252, 253, 258, 260, 261, 262, 265, 266, 269, 270, 382

flower[s] 179, 239, 240, 241–6, 418, 419, 674

flute 157, 380, 433, 648

La flûte indienne 334, 361

fluttering 246–249

fluvial --> river

Fluxus 30

fly[ing] 131, 307 -- See also glide -- See also hover

flight 100

flying saucers 661

The Flying Dutchman 307

Flynn, Errol 171

fog --> weather

foliage 261

folk music 37

conservatism of 374

in industrial towns 22

Folk Music Enigma 374, 812

folk rock 322

Folkbox album 326

folklore 517

folksy 377

Fonagy, Ivan 53

Fonda, Henry 331

Fonda, Peter 585

Fontana di Trevi 246, 247

food and drink

alcohol 135, 461, 624, 674

champagne 199

eat[ing]29

health food 265

ice-cream 97, 410, 415, 430

långfil 619, 807

meal[s] 410, 429

ornamental gingerbread 228

peanut butter sandwich 661

picnic 412, 415

repas d’amour 244

football (soccer) 428

Footloose (1984) 653

For a Few Dollars More --> Per qualche dollari in piu

For a Fistful of Dollars --> Per un pugno di dollari

For He’s A Jolly Good Fellow 411

For Other Eye (Elvis Costello) 456

‘for the family’ 122, 123, 463

‘for what??’ 419, 430

force 218

force feed 122

forceful 72

Ford, Charlie 11

Ford, Tennessee Ernie 354

foreboding 652

foreignness 329

foreshortening 663

forest[s] --> woods

forgiveness 178

forlorn 183

form in Miami Vice 661–664

formalism 53, 82

format radio 13

Forschungszentrum populäre Musik 61

The Forsythe Saga 724

Fort Worth (Texas) 379

Forte, Allen 230, 387

Forty Miles of Bad Road (Eddy) 368

forwards --> motion

La forza del destino 574

Foster, Stephen 325, 377

fotonovelas 806

fountain[s] 172, 235, 247

Four Aces 64, 65, 421

Four Aces of Western Swing 375

fourth estate 22, 60, 70

4'33 (Cage) 556

Foxboro, Massachusetts 423

Foxy Lady (Hendrix) 593–594

fräck[t] 617, 650, 806

‘fräck’ 483

France 459

C19 concert repertoire 19

Francès, Robert 51, 55, 56, 77, 104, 106, 247, 632

Franck, César 19

Frankfurt School 42

Franklin, Milt 356

Franz, Robert 446

Frayling, Christopher 291, 331-2, 345-6, 362-8, 372, 378, 392-4

Freak Out (Zappa) 353

free 133, 137

‘free’ 346

competition 24

market 87

induction 119–121

spirit 652

will 17

freedom 60, 239, 303, 305, 388, 393

‘freedom’ 679

of choice 87

Freia (Rheingold) 261

Der Freischütz 320, 568

French horn --> horn (French)

French Revolution 22

frenzy 663

fresh air 248

Fresh Fruit for Rotting… 647, 832

freshness 133

Fried, Frederick 496

Friede (Wolff) 443

friendly 130, 132

fringe areas --> Randgebiet

Frith, Simon 42, 61, 65, 71, 80, 81, 89

From Russia with Love 367, 553

From Silent Night 181, 577

Fromm, Erich 43

front (in front of) 134

Frontiere, Dominic 396, 724

Frostensson, Cecilia 44

frustrated/frustration 469, 471

Fu Manchu 531

Fuchs, Robert 29

Fucik, Julius 427

‘fucking’s good’ 132, 265

fugue 556

‘the full Monty’ 417

Fuller and Warren 308, 379, 382

fun 60, 97, 132, 424, 429, 430

fighting, killing, war as 410, 412, 417, 418, 419, 420, 422, 423, 426, 430

fun and games 418, 423

fun and power 424

potential for 412

spoilt by analysis? 104-5

Fun City 368

functional embodiment 105, 123

Les funérailles (Liszt) 443

funeral[s] 313, 314, 565

march 564

Marche funèbre (Chopin) 314

Funeral March for a Marionette (Gounod) 591

Fünf Sätze für Streichquartett 29

funk music 425, 653

funny 428, 429

futile/futility 133, 419, 428, 461, 660, 661, 664

fusion (diluted) 670

future --> time

future research 423

Future Shop (retail) 61

futurism 383

Futurist Manifesto 484

fuzz 100, 469, 624

G

Gabin, Jean 587

Gable, Clark 174

gait --> horse

galas --> celebration

Galícia 350, 355

Gallardo, C L G 82

Gallilei, Vinenzo 312

El gallo negro 348, 835

Gallone, Alessandra 73

gallop[ing] --> horse

The Galloping Major 294, 412

galop (dance) 293

can-can and sex 293

Gals Around Cape Horn 309, 327-8

game[s]

computer/video 7

rules of the 426

Gamle svarten 295

gammaldans 23, 44

Gammon, Vic 23

gang[s] 621, 623

gäng 618, 620, 806

gangar (Trad. Norw. dance) 321

gangster[s] 573, 601, 668

music 570–573, 578, 579, 582, 586, 587, 598, 600, 602

garden 174, 177, 195, 220, 230, 249, 266

garish 424, 427

Garofalo, Reebee 79

gas mask 416, 417

Gassenhauer 23

gaudy 416, 418, 427

gay (as polysemic word) 69

gaze 264

Geijerstam, Claes af 356, 361, 336

Geldof, Sir Robert 60, 62, 63

Gemma, Giuliano 365, 806

Gemüth 17

gender 461, 463, 514, 666–77, 678

-- See also female -- See also male -- See also men -- See also women

musical markers of 669–670

tunes 47, 514, 667–678

VVAs 670–675

response profile 668

sexism 425, 670,

General Electric 296, 490-1, 495

General Strike (UK) 40

generation --> young people

genius 18, 60

genre 806

references 462

synecdoche 99, 101, 517, 806

classical 196

disco 649

English church 176

ethnic, geographical 304

gangster music 571

parlour song 224

piano arpeggios 249

riding = Western 303-305

space film 648

trembling 246

VVAs specific of genre 645–647

gentle 130, 132

The Gentleman Soldier 336

geocultural location (incl. ‘local [colour]’, etc.) 319, 320, 327–32, 371, 377, 428-9, 466–74, 516, 666 -- See also historical -- See also ethnic -- See also exotic -- See also rural -- See also urban -- See also class -- See also indoors -- See also outdoors

Geordie’s Byre 345, 346

George II --> bush, George W

George III --> king[s]

George, X De 555, 561, 563

German[y] 413

mini-states in 11

minor mode 317–321

musical nationalism 320

Romantic theories in 17

romanticism 15, 21

Gershwin, George 204, 496, 498, 571, 578–579, 581, 595, 597

gesture, etc. 52, 105

gestural

appropriation 254-5, 271, 257, 265, 271

counterpoint 225

interconversion 253–267, 270–275, 666

projection/externalisation 260, 265, 270-271

melodic 424

‘inner gesture’ 272, 274

loud gesture 423

Get Smart (Szathmary) 626

Gethsemane 185

ghetto 571, 623, 627

(Ghost) Riders in the Sky 295, 351, 352, 355, 368, 369, 372, 373, 375, 391, 395

Ghosts, The 368

GI (US forces) 532

Giannetta (Trad. Ital.) 311

Giant 304

giant 565

Gibbons, Beth 456

Gibson, Mel 456

Giddins, Gary 580

The Gift (Copland) 536

Gilbert, Fred 294

Gilbert, Stephen 230

Giles Farnaby Dream Band 345

Gillespie, Dizzy 41, 567, 578, 580

Gillett, Charlie 64, 338, 582, 621

Gilliam, Terry 418

Gilmore, Patrick S 390

Gimme Back My Bullets 653

Giraldus Cambrensis 35

girl[s] 136, 177, 386, 392, 393, 429

Chang’s daughter 532

cover girls 263

girlhood 671

little girl 463

Pamela (15 yrs) 238, 532

soldier’s 675

‘Spanish gals’ 309

GIs 301

Giù la testa 346

glandular 377

Glasgow 104, 149

Glass Mountain --> Legend of the

Glazunov, Alexander P 29

glide, gliding

gliding 131, 253, 260, 270, 515, 518, 674

glider 122

glissando 101, 541, 648, 650

jazz 597–598

semitone 573–577

glistening 172, 235, 589

glittering 170, 172, 235

globalisation 35, 420

gloomy 133, 139, 188

Gloomy Sunday 595

glossy 650

‘glossy’ 646

glossy magazines 262

Gluck, Christoph Willibald 316

go – polysemic VVA 138

Go Down, Moses (US Trad.)448

goal[s] (= destination) 390, 393

goal reached 537

goat 251

God 419

God Bless America 422

God Only Knows (Beach Boys) 62

God Rest Ye Merry… 310, 329

God Save The Queen 61, 103, 423

The Godfather 452, 467, 468, 470

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang 177, 178

‘go-get-'em’ 594

Goin’ Down 630

going nowhere 368, 664

gold 212

Goldenberg, W 3, 5, 246, 568, 585

Goldschmidt, Harry 47

Goldsmith, Jerry 5, 31 586

Gone with the Wind 29, 175, 205, 569

Gonzaga, Luíz 334, 338, 361

Gonzales --> Speedy Gonzales

Gonzalez, Jaun Pablo 347, 361

good vs bad 390

‘good-guy music’ 4

Good Vibrations (Beach Boys) 62

The Good, The Bad and The Ugly --> Buono, il brutto, il cattivo

The Good Old Days 429

‘goodbye’ 459, 460

Goodbye Ole Paint 330, 309

Goodman, Benny 579, 597

Gorbman, Claudia 124, 582

gospel music 425

got a light? 675

Göteborg 7, 576, 45, 46, 108, 141, 334, 336, 368, 413, 429, 620, 806

Avenyn 413, 805

Liseberg pleasure park 429

Nordhemskolan 576

Univ. of 116, 147, 148, 149, 796

Musicology 82, 44, 82

Political Science 82

Gould, Morton 197

Gounod, Charles 173, 207, 516, 591

Goya, Francisco Jose de 257

grace notes 226, 231

Graceland (Paul Simon) 487

Gracyk, Theodore 41

Graham, Heather 263

grain of the voice 67, 70

Grainger, Percy 323

grainy (picture) 419

Granada TV (UK) 806

grand 416

Grand Canyon Suite (Grofé) 591

Grand Duke March 294

Grande polonaise 218, 225, 227

Grande valse brillante 189

Grandfather’s Story (Copland) 536

grandiloquent 424

grandiose 247, 424

Grant, Cary 498

Grant, Ulysses S 378

grass 136, 241–6, 249, 674

‘helluva lotta green grass’ 245

-- See also green -- See also meadow

gratification

immediate/postponed 60, 65

Gravesen, Finn 45

The Great Dictator (Chaplin) 428

The Great Divide --> epistemology

Great Events — The Best of British Movietonews 416

The Great Gate of Kiev 470

Greece/Greek 313, 328, 329, 330, 331, 467, 468, 459, 469, 471, 473, 474

greed 26, 75, 421

green 167, 224, 245, 381, 515, 674 -- See also grass -- See also meadows

eye shadow 464

‘green as hell’ 244

Green Berets

Ballad Of The… 423

March to Cadence (CD) 425

Green, Lorne 378

Green, Lucy 37, 78, 89

Green, Peter 619

Greensleeves 345, 346

Fantasia on 322

Greenwich Time Signal 488

Gregorian --> modes

Grenada (A Lara) 319, 395

grenade 425

Grenier, Line 108

Greyser, Stephen A 43

Greystoke 195, 589

grief 186, 207, 314, 380, 462, 574

grief-stricken 456

Grieg, Edvard 30, 171, 192, 198, 203, 232, 313, 314, 321, 567

Lyrische Stücke 321

grim 651

grinding 71

gringo 346, 362, 364, 365, 378

pussy cat 355, 356

toughness 345

gripping 197

grisly 568

Grisman, Dave 468

gritty 580

groaning, groans 181, 573–577

Grofé, Ferde 591, 592

Grossberg, Larry 70, 71

Grout, Donald J 8, 30

gruesome 567, 568

Grundrisse (K Marx) 26

Grundy, Stuart 37

grunting 378

Guadalajara 356

Guantanamera 345

matrix/turnaround 344

Guerrero (Mexico) 361

Guillen, Nicolás 338

guilt 133, 190, 646

Guirard, Laurent 77

guitar 100, 336, 380, 458 --> + bass /guitar

downstrokes 652

electric 346, 366-8, 370-5, 377-8, 381, 387-8, 424, 469, 476, 516, 592, 620-1, 626

clean fanfare figures 376

distorsion 100, 469, 592, 621, 624, 652, 653, 660

Broadcaster 373

feedback 153, 608-9,

Fender 278-9, 346, 356, 367, 368, 369, 371-3, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 381, 625

first use of 373

in C&W 373–375

lead 375–378, 620, 608-9, 634-7

Manic Depression 592

Miami Vice 653-4, 660, 662-4

overdrive 424, 620

semantic history of 367–375

Rickenbacker Model ‘A’ 373

rhythm 608-9, 624, 634-7

riff 592

six-stringed 373

solo 424

Stratocaster 356, 367, 368, 380, 392

Telecaster 278-9

sustain 608

timbre 376

undistorted 369, 576

Hawaiian 102

Instrucción de música sobra la guitarra espagnola 341

laissez vibrer 376, 377, 379, 386, 465

malagueña lick 336, 337

ostinato 302, 305

picking 376

Spanish 381

steel guitar 353, 373, 375

strum 278-9, 291-2, 295-7, 3-5, 323, 335-342, 341, 375, 670

chitarra battente 341

tablature (Italian) 341

US mass production of 341

Vol-U-Tone 373

guitarón 336

Guitar Player magazine 55

gumshoe --> deckare

A Gun for Ringo 346

gun[s] 303, 425, 648

children imitate sound of 648

gunfight 371

Westerns 291

gung-ho 417

Gunslinger 395

Gunsmoke 303, 304, 305, 325, 366

gushing 134, 172, 235, 247, 382

gust --> weather /wind

Gute Nacht 188

Guthrie, Woody 370

gyps/-y[-ies] 328, 468

H

Habermas, Jürgen 52

hacking 101

häftig[t] 493, 806

Hageman, Richard 171

Hagen, Earle 552, 570, 571–572, 575-76, 579, 597, 627

Haggard, Merle 296, 423

hair 248, 260

flowing 262

long 136, 244, 253, 258, 259, 260-62, 263, 265-66, 269

Pelléas et Mélisande 260

spray 264

Haley, Bill 64, 108, 375

half cadence --> cadence

half-diminished --> chords

Hall, Stuart 85

halling 321

Halliwell, Leslie 197, 202, 647

hallucination 576

Hamlet 178, 291, 456

Hamlisch, Marvin 583, 600

Hamm, Charles 79, 108, 531, 532, 605

Hammer Films 120, 634

Hammer, Jan 554, 600, 623, 664

hammer-on 628, 630, 658

Hammett, Dashiell 580

Hammond, John 36

Hammond organ 462, 608-9, 621

Hancock, Herbie 578

hand clap 342

Handel, Georg F 14, 19, 60, 61, 101, 168, 246, 315-16, 446, 517

hand-in-hand 244

Handy, W C 627

Hang ’em High 396

hang-out[s] 619, 623

Hanslick, Eduard 18, 48, 56, 74

happiness / happy 104, 132, 137, 224, 246, 305, 388, 390, 391, 393, 410, 412, 491, 496,

achievement of 387–389

happy ending 137

Happy Birthday 556

haptic 100 -- See also tactile

Haralambos, Michael 23, 312

harassment 223

hard[ness] 133, 135, 459, 460, 589, 590, 600, 604, 617, 624, 674, 829

Hard Beat 600

hard time 460

hard-boiled 580, 601

hard-voiced 423

hard rock 594, 653 -- See also rock

hardship 307

Hargreaves, William 294, 411

Harker, Dave 23, 37, 41, 43, 310

Harlan (Kentucky) 353

Harlem 571, 572, 605

Harlem Nocturne (Hagen) 464, 533, 570, 571–72, 578, 597, 627

Harlow, John 203

harmonic --> harmony

harmonica 358

Harmonices mundi 47

harmonics 153, 634-7 -- See also partials

harmonious 132, 674

harmon/-y/-ic -- See also cadence -- See also chord -- See also modes 172–216, 515, 494–495, 532–537, 662

ambiguity 661–64

anachronistic 346

‘autonomous’ 192, 577–78

chromatic 187, 231, 462, 464

Adeline slides 209–212, 222, 215, 805

chromatic bass descent 187

cadential 209

decorative 209-214

jazz 580, 583, 599

inner voice 626

linear 592

minichromatics 97, 179, 209–214, 218, 412, 427, 807

minor-key 625–631

parlour song 215

‘strawberry jam’ 216

raised-eyebrow 592

structural 209

circle of fifths 101, 179, 183, 187, 191, 204, 214, 231, 269, 449, 504-5, 514, 515, 662, 805-6

key-extrinsic (real) 179, 807

key-intrinsic (virtual) 179, 807

move to flat side 664

move to sharp side 662

colour 534

--> direction

dissonance[s] 100, 172, 180, 204, 205, 215, 300, 625, 629

melodic 115

ninths 577–579

train effect 656

preparation of 215

dominant[al] 173, 192, 205, 213, 214, 345, 372

ninth 204-5

minor ninth (V-9) 577

secondary dominant 629

function/syntax 568

idiom/language 514

male and female 670

Virginian 357 ff.

modulation 180, 187-89, 194, 195, 201, 212, 214, 215, 344, 345-7

Morricone’s view of 371

non-tertial 535

parallel

fifths 533

harmonic motion 533-4, 536

thirds 676

voice leading 534

plagal 358

quartal 578, 585, 625, 808

quintal 625

relative major 369, 383, 385, 387, 390, 391

relative major sandwich 346

relative minor 351

romantic 172, 215

rhythm 214–215

sequential transposition 451

simple 97, 101

sophisticated 653

static/stasis 591

subdominant[al] 173, 176, 179, 187, 191-2, 195, 210-11, 214, 346, 533, 536-7

minor variant 210–4, 221

rurality and the 536

tertial 411, 424, 516, 808, 809

triads 536

texture 170

tritone substitution 587

unison 628

waves 214–15

harp --> orchestration

Harper, Edwin 532

Harper’s Encyclopedia for Horsemen 292

harpsichord --> orchestration

harried 388

Harris, Roy 53

Harrison, George 60, 95, 469

harrowing 197

harsh 424, 430, 617

Hart, Lorenz 213

Hary János 320

hashish 605

Hassel (SvTV detective) 677

hassling 646

Hatch, Tony 432, 476, 494, 501, 504, 517

hate 133

Hattersley, Roy 63

Hatton, Leo 95

Haug, Wolfgang F 650

Hava Negilah 330

Have I Got News For You! 576

Have You Ever Felt… 566, 570

Havergal, William H 175, 176

Haviland, Olivia De 171, 174

Hawaii Five-O 367, 585

Hawaiian guitar 102, 373

Hawkins, Louise Weldon 259

Hawthorn Cottage 515

Haydn, Josef 14, 18

Hayes, Isaac 330, 487, 496, 498, 653

Hays, Ernie 330

Hazard (Kentucky) 353

haze/hazy --> weather

Hazlewood, Lee 367

He’s So Fine (Chiffons) 95

head register --> register /vocal

Head Room (10 cc) 593

headbands --> clothes

Headbangers’ Ball 313

health 428 -- See also food

The Heart of Noise 67

heartburn 661

heart-rending 187, 596

heart-warming 132

heat --> hot

heaven[ly] 212, 220

heavy/heaviness 133, 213, 300, 459, 460, 566, 568-9, 577, 590–5

industry 518

pesante 470, 540-1

punctuation 300

sport 518

heavy metal --> rock

Heavy Steel 600

Hebdige, Dick 82, 85

Hebrew Rhapsody 446

hectic 492

Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich 15-16, 18, 21, 25, 68, 271

hegemony/hegemonic 424 -- See also power

consensus 44

rock 66

Heidelberg 413

Ein Heldenleben 376, 384

helicopter 486 -- See also camera

Hell Hath No Fury 395

Hell’s Angels 62, 623

Hello (Lionel Richie) 457

Hemingway, Ernest 301

hemiola 320, 342, 343, 361, 364

Hemmingsson, Merit 311

Hendrix, Jimi 99, 205, 592, 593–594, 662

Hennessee D 29

Henreid, Paul 171

Henze, Hans-Werner 49

herds 393

here-and-now 391

heritage (musical) 60

hermeneutics 103, 167–172

hero/heroes/heroic/heroism 4, 5, 6, 133, 137, 302, 355, 364, 366, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 383, 384, 385, 386, 388, 390, 392, 394, 410, 416, 418, 428, 628, 629, 631, 674, 676

‘heroic’ 122, 346

hero-mythical 625, 630

Heron, Laura 602

Herrmann, Bernard 31, 32, 100, 104, 190, 569, 600

Herrn, ich habe mißgehandelt 185

Herzliebster Jesu 456

Hey Big Spender --> Big Spender

Hey Joe 593, 662

Hey Jude 345

hidden 459 -- See also secret

high -- See also --> register (pitch) /high

art 60, 82, 84, 85, 419

heels 572, 676

high-plains harmonies 357 ff.

‘lonesome sound’ 473

High Chaparral 136, 359, 360

High Noon 304, 325, 351, 395

highly strung 594

hi-hat 153, 432-3, 608-9, 622-3, 634-7, 644, 645, 649, 650, 655, 659, 660

hit-and-shut 553

hillbilly 377

hills 196, 214, 238, 254, 256, 257, 354, 515

Hindemith, Paul 19, 40

slates music theory teaching 30

hip (cool) 60, 132, 647, 649, 650

‘hip’ 495

Hirsch, Richard 53

Hirt, Al 597

Hispanic 458

Hispanicism 319, 338, 383

musical 319

historical 262, 517, 518 -- See also time

future 151, 650, 674 -- See also time

futurist[ic]383, 484, 621

dislocation (Python) 414, 418

location 459

Monty Python’s 409, 414, 416-20, 420, 422

past 484 -- See also time

1800-99 218, 220, 266, 269

1900-99 413, 456

1930s-60s (UK) 416–418

1955-65 64, 372

1960s 553, 621

1970s 553, 621

antiquity 329

archaic 189, 310, 317–21, 334-6, 371, 390, 392

bygone days 321, 420

Edwardian 195

long ago 321, 472

mono sound as ‘old’ 115

old[en] times 97, 238, 269, 409, 428-9, 430,460, 500, 517, 518, 674

present time 484 -- See also time

1980s 85–88, 553, 621, 647, 650

modern 459, 484, 617, 621, 647, 674 (‘modern’ 495)

modernity 644, 648, 650

‘hit for six’ (Monty) 417, 426

hit parade 108, 370

Hit the Road, Jack 629

Hitchcock, Alfred 190, 553, 590-1

Hitler, Adolf 41, 43, 293, 418, 428, 602

hitting 430

Hixon D 29

hobby-horse 495

Hoffman, Abbie 42

Hoffmann E T A 14

Hogan’s Heroes 429

Hoggart, Richard 85

holding hands 224

holiday[s] 138, 238, 245 -- See also festive

holiday makers 329

market day 410, 415

public and bank holidays 415

1 May 412, 415, 428

17 May 415

Saturday, Sunday 415

special days 410

Holiday, Billie 456, 595, 596

hollow sound 648

Hollywood

‘classic’ tradition 554

love underscores 224

musical notion of England 323

cf. Cinecittà 364-5, 368-73

Holman Hunt, William 266

Holman, Libby 577, 578, 598

Holmes, Sherlock 581

Holocaust (Gould) 197

Holst, Gustav 5, 21

The Holy Grail --> monty python

homage 428

homesickness 445

Homesickness (Grieg) 321

Homeward Bound 196

homogeneous 100

homology 99

Honegger, Arthur 30

honest 133

honky-tonk 373, 375

Honky Tonk Women 62

honour 133

honours 60

Hoochie Coochie Man 564, 594

Hood, Mantle 37, 38

hoof/hooves --> horses

hookers 646, 657

hope 220

hopeless 182

Horgalåten 311

horizon 303

horizontal change --> direction

Horkheimer, Max 41, 43, 45

horn[s] (French) 5, 376, 380, 433

calls and signals 376, 676

leaps and motifs 302, 414

sound of in Freischütz 320

Horn, David 55

Hornbostel, E M von 36

horror 190, 192, 567, 568, 570, 596

horrific 186, 417

horse[s] 100, 291–307, 383, 386, 393, 591, 674

cantering 292-293

driving 350

equine anaphones 291-307

essential to Westerns 303–7

gait 292, 293, 294

gallop[ing] 100, 291-7, 299, 304, 305, 377, 383, 386, 393

hoof timbre 295–296

hooves 294, 295-6, 305

beat[s] 292-5, 343

metre 293–295

summary of their musical semantics 296

three-legged in 2/4 294

horticultural 262

hostile/hostility 123, 133, 646, 651

hot

dogs 415

love 265

heat 133, 247, 248

stuff 265, 624, 650

‘hot stuff” 132, 674

rodding 368

Hötter, Hans 600, 829

Hound Dog 64, 65, 66, 86, 421

hounds of hell 319

Housatonic at… (Ives) 238, 535

hovering 131

How The West Was Won 296, 303

film 304, 305, 359, 360

TV 303, 325

‘how things are’ 514, 517, 518

‘howlygettum’ 493

HS --> commutation

Huapango 356

Huasteco 334

Huayno 334, 343, 361

Hubbard, Freddy 578

Huberman, Leo 355

Huckvale, David 56

Huelva (Spain) 336

Hughes, Glenn 462

Hugill, Stan 309, 324, 325

hula-hula 367

human rights 7

Human Rights, UN Charter of 62

humans 514

humble 378

Hume, Kristy 263

humid 569

humility 379

humour --> comedy

Hungarians 320

Huntington, G 307, 308, 324, 379

hurry music 606

Hutchings, Ashley 306, 323

hymnal 176

hyperactivity 377

hypocrisy 64, 70

hypodermic syringe 576

hypothetical subsititution --> commutation

hysteria 599

I

I Am Calling You 197

I Am The Walrus 573, 575

I Cannot Sing The Old… 219, 220

I Feel Pretty 340

I Must Get Home Tonight 412

I Saw My Lady Weep 455

I Spy (Hagen) 366, 575-576

I Talk To The Trees 396

I Was Born… Wandrin’ Star 351

I Was Doing All Right 579

I've Got A Lovely Bunch of Coconuts 294

IASPM 8, 10, 22, 58, 64, 67, 74, 79, 80, 86, 104, 272, 806

ice 588–590

ice-cream --> food

Ich Wunschte mir den Tod 443

iconicity of hoofbeat 343

ICTM 22

idealised 518

idées fixes 419

ideology 4-7, 11, 12, 16, 26-9, 34, 38, 41-3, 46-8, 56, 61-2, 54-5, 70, 76, 252, 270, 272, 322, 345, 414, 461, 673, 677–679

idyll[ic] 101, 174, 177, 220, 236, 244, 319, 328, 518

If (Lindsay Anderson, 1968) 223

If I Leave You 465

If You’re Irish, Come… 411, 412

ignorance 426, 430

Iljinsky, A 250

ill 459

ill tidings 307

illegible responses 118

illicit thrills 594

illness 460

Im wunderschönen Monat Mai 171

imagined scenario 139

Imberty, Michel 51, 56, 106

IMC 96, 97

immediacy, immediate 60, 275, 489

gratification 65

‘immediacy’ 274

reception test criterion 118

somatic (body) 66, 67, 71, 275

Immel, Jerrold 302, 351

immersion 65

Immigrant Theme (Godfather) 467

immigration 308

impassioned 186

Imperial Echoes 411, 412

implacable 133, 604

important 132

impossible love 469

impressionism 30, 179

impressive 132, 416

improvisation 19, 21, 370

trumpet 371

IMS 22

In A Monastery Garden 218, 230, 268

In Cold Blood (Q Jones) 587

In Town Tonight 222, 496

In Your Quiet Place 180, 196

In-a-Gadda-da-Vida 586

inauguration 415

Inca 334

incest 250

incongruity 413-4, 418-9, 422, 424

violence and 417, 419, 426

Indagine su un cittadino… 588

independent 133

India (music of) 47

Indian (US) --> Native American

indignation 464

individual

emancipation 47 -- See also liberation

individualism 420, 421

individuality 17

no melodic figure in Miami Vice 657, 659-60

vs collective 391–4

indoors 652, 672, 675

indoor location 646

industrial, industry 600, 829

industrial music 62, 67, 425

industry 518

musical 26

Industrial Montage 600

inequality (social in UK) 62

inessive 134

infinite yearning 76

Ingrato, ya no me quieres 337

inhospitable 646, 652, 656

inhuman 133, 135

initial events (musical) 448

injustice 464

Inlandsbanan 329

inner gesture --> gesture

Innis, Harold A 490

innocent/innocence 122, 671, 677

lost innocence 518

insalubrious 569

insatiable 189

insects 244

insecurity 389

insinuate, insinuating 590, 678

insistent 72

Inspector Morse 488, 581

instability, mental --> mad

Institute of Popular Music 7, 58

Institute of Social Research 41

institution[s] 11, 410, 413, 420, 429

institutionalisation 9-12, 16-19, 25, 27-9, 31, 32, 34-5, 47-8, 56-7, 59-66, 67, 79-80, 86-7, 89-90, 103-4, 291

Instrucción de música sobra la guitarra espagnola 341

instrumentation --> orchestration

Inte Illimani 338

Intellectual Impostures 71

intense, intensity 590, 598

intensional 63, 65

interconversion --> gestural /

interdisciplinarity 57, 78, 89

interessive 139

interior (of Brazil) 413

interiority: pacification, containment, and domestication of 501

International Association for the Study of Popular Music --> IASPM

International Congress on Musical Signification 51, 822

interobjective comparison --> musematic analysis / interpretation of test results --> reception test

interprofessionalism 78

interrupted cadence --> cadence /interval[s]

interval[s]

by number (e.g. 3rds, 7ths) or type (e.g. flat 3rd, flat 7th) --> chords & intervals

recognition of 447

intervallic discontinuity 229

mnemonic identification of 448

Inti Illimani 342

intimacy/ intimate 171, 264, 472

intonation

English and Spanish 347

theory --> Assafiev

intramusical 110, 807

intraopus 807

intrigue 631

introduction (synoptic) 674

Introduction and Allegro for Strings (Elgar) 195

introductory tone (ââîäíèé) 448

introspection 463

intrusive chords 345

invasion of Normandy 417

invasive (of rock music) 70

inversions --> chord

Invitation to Madrigals 455

IOCM 95, 96–98, 121, 153, 154, 173–180, 647, 658, 660, 807 et passim

ionian --> modes

The Ipcress File 367, 627

Irangate 3, 4–7

Iraq, US-led invasion of 423, 426

Ireland

Irish-American 390

Trad. 311, 345, 347

Irish Sea 254

The Irishman 386

Iron Butterfly 586

Ironside 572

irony 132, 413, 419

irrational treated irrationally 48

irregularity 132

Islam 47

isochronous 807

isolated 675

Istituzioni armoniche 312

It Ain’t Necessarily So 571, 579

Italian/Italy

330–332, 452, 459, 466, 467, 468, 469, 473

baseball park music 330

Cinecittà 364-5, 368-73

hit parade 395, 396

L’Italia Futurista 484

Mezzogiorno 319, 329

RCA 370

The Shadows in 370

tarantella 319, 329, 467

TV 371

Virginian VVAs 365

-- See also Western /Italian

items of musical code --> IMC

ITV 807

Ives, Charles 238-9, 535-7

J

Jack The Ripper (Ventures) 395

Jackendoff, Ray 51

Jackson, Cliff 566

jaded 188

Jagger, Sir Michael 62, 63

Jalisco (son) 336, 342, 355-6, 361

James Bond 35, 366, 367, 372, 375, 378, 384, 461, 624, 629, 631,

‘007’ 115, 135

Theme (Dr No) 206, 384, 454, 573, 578, 596, 626

false b5 586

5-b6-#6-b6 riff 598

middle eight 629

Janie’s Got A Gun 464, 457

Jansen, Pierre 566

Japan 531, 533

Jara, Victor 335, 336

Jarabe tapatío 355-6

Jarett, Keith 180

jargon 650

Jarre, Maurice 171, 470

Jarrett, Keith 196

Järviluoma, Helmi 89

Jason King 553

Jaubert, Maurice 31

jaunty 97, 123, 391, 423, 427

-- See also brisk -- See also perky -- See also cheery

Jaws: shark motif 573

jazz 31, 60, 62, 66, 224, 573–577, 577–9, 597-8, 606

-- See also cadence -- See also chord -- See also harmony

Adorno on 41

canon 32, 41

detective link 580

Dixieland (neo) 597

flat fifths 579–588

fusion (diluted) 670

glissando 597–598

harmony 580, 583, 599

Jazz Noir (Butler) 580

jazz rock 206

jazz blues 629

jazzy 628, 631

minor-key 194, 367, 566–573, 592, 676

Newport Jazz Festival 310

tone poem 496

trad 578, 597

trumpet 596–597

jealousy 569, 589, 590

Jefferson and Liberty 336

Jefferson, Thomas 85

Jenkinson, Horst 602

Jennings, Waylon 621

Jerusalem (Parry) 211, 222-3, 428

Jesu, meine Freude 185

Jesus Christus, unser Heiland 456

Jethro Tull 662

Jets Song (West Side Story) 584

Jeune fille se coiffant (Renoir) 259

Jill’s Theme (Morricone) 377

Jim Along Josey 532

Jingle Bells 589

Jiránek, Jaroslav 56

jive 224 -- See also ebonics

Jobim, Tom 196, 606

Jockey’s Gray Breeks 345

Joel, Billy 582

Johannespassion 184, 186

Johansson, Jan 310

Johansson, Tommy 147-149

John Anderson My Jo 345, 346

John Barleycorn 323

John Henry 354

John, Sir Elton 60, 62, 63, 517

Johnny B Goode 368, 376

Johnny Bull 346

Johnny Comes Marching Home 336, 345, 346, 391

Johnson, Anna 350

Johnson, Bruce 81, 89

Johnson, Don 606, 650

Johnson, Laurie 553, 624

Johnson, Mark 27, 53

Johnson, Robert Underwood 535

Join The Party (cadence) 425

joke[s] --> comedy

jolly/jollity 311, 417 --> cheery --> happy --> jaunty --> joy --> perky

Jones, Booker T 594

Jones, Quincy 587

Jonghmans, Edward 294

Joseph, Sir Keith 10

jota 320, 336, 338

journalism 42, 487

journey 388-390, 393

joy[ful] 132, 207, 673

joy stick 653

jubilee[s] (royal, UK) 61, 416

Judaicity 445

jukebox 373

Julie’s Remorse 196

Julien, Jean-Rémy 124

jump bands 582

Jumpin’ John 349

Jung, Carl 3, 4, 6, 78, 92

jungle 605, 647

jazz style 573, 597

‘jungle music’ 67

junkies 464, 646

just after… 604

justice 133, 390

juvenile delinquency 584

K

Kabalevsky, Dimitri 517

Kaempfert, Bert196

Kaiser Wilhelm 428

Kallmeyer-Verlag 40

kangaroo 295

Kaplan, Sol 586

Karas, Anton 373

Karbušicky, Vladimir 51, 56, 106

Karlin, Fred 124, 676

Karlsson, Henrik 44, 45

Karshner, Roger 13, 44, 144

Kassabian, Anahid 668, 670, 672, 673, 676

Katz, E --> Liebes & Katz 87

Keach, Stacy 572

Keep Forgetting 583, 628, 629, 630

Keep Searchin’ 396

Keil, Charles 83, 272

Keiler, Allan 51

Kelly’s Heroes 429

Kempers, Gerard 79

Kennan, Kent Wheeler 326, 496

Kentucky 326

Kepler, Johannes 39, 47, 312

Kerouac, Jack 41

Kerr, Pete 465, 466

Ketelby, Alfred 218, 230

keyboard --> piano --> organ --> synthesiser

key-extrinsic/-intrinsic 807 -- See also harmony /circle of fifths

Keynes, M/Keynsianism 40, 87

The Keys of Canterbury 336

Khatchaturian, Aram 240

‘kick-ass’ 60

The Kid’s Last Fight 395

kill/-ed/-ing 123,134, 135, 417, 420, 426, 430, 569, 648

kind[ness] 130, 132, 144, 145, 430, 458, 459

kinetic 100, 220, 237, 240, 249, 250, 266, 275, 303 -- See also anaphone /kinetic

King/king 409, 413

Crimson 619, 620

George III (UK) 61

George V (UK) 416

of the Gypsies 468

King Kong 171

The Kingston Trio 354

The Kinks 62. 663

Kircher, Athanasius 16, 312, 329

kiss[ing] 195, 224, 239, 674

Kitchener (Ontario) 61

Kivy, Peter 56

‘ki-yi-yipee!’ 325

Klein, Melanie 71, 76

Klein, Naomi 678

Klingfors, Gunno 17, 21

Kneif, Tibor 36

Knepler, Georg 37, 85, 318

knife 100

knighthood 60, 66

knowledge

types of musical 9–11

Kodály, Zoltan 36, 320

Kojak 3, 5–6, 105, 247, 568, 585

theme 3, 5, 246–248, 462, 628

horn whoop 274

moog ostinato 246

urgency cue 487

Koko (Ellington) 567, 578

Kolchak 493

Kolland, Dorothea 40

Konsetbyråutredningen 44

Korg M1 synthesiser 170, 589

Korngold, Erich Wolfgang 29,30, 48, 49, 171

Koury, Rex 305

KPM --> library music

Krafft-Lortzing, Carl 294

Kraft Philadelphia Cheese 583

Kramer vs. Kramer 452

Krasovskaya, Y 322

Krautrock 320

Kress, Günther 53

Kretzschmar, Herman 36, 47

Kristeva, Julia 38, 71

Kristianstad 116

Kronberg, Margit 76

Krutnik, Frank 464

kryptonite 588

Kubrik, Stanley 14, 390

Kuhle Wampe 39

Kung Fu Fighting 531

Kungsbacka 429

Kungsportsavenyn 413

Kunst, Jaap 38, 83

Kunstmusik 21

Kvällsöppet 487

L

L A Law 4

laboratory 518

laborious 577, 601

labour/Labour

division of 673

Labour Day 415

Labour (UK) postwar 417

New ‘Labour’ 421

labour

sale of 23

Lacasse, Serge 89, 104, 264

Lacerenza, Michele 371

Lachen und Weinen 318

Lachrymae Pavane (Dowland) 181

Lacombe, Alain 30

Lacrimosa (Verdi) 574

‘lactic acid’ music 495

lacustrine --> lake

ladies 674

Lady Godiva 259

Lady of Spain 319

lagom 493, 514, 807

Lai, Francis 448, 449, 470

Laine, Frankie 358, 369

list of recordings 395

Laing, Dave 65, 80, 81, 82, 84, 89, 323

laissez vibrer --> guitar

lake/lacustrine 134, 214, 221, 236, 237, 238-9, 249, 257, 589, 674

Lakoff, George 27, 53, 97, 105, 123, 124

Lamennais, Hughes F de 25, 76

lament/-ation 182, 319, 371, 574

Lancaster 108

Land Of Hope And Glory 210, 211, 215, 223, 428

Land of the Pharaohs 724

Landalaskolan 141

Landau, Jon 42, 65, 80

Landini, Francesco 19

Landskrona 116

Lang, Paul H 312

The Language of Music 49

language rhythm --> rhythm /lang.

languish[ing] 122, 597, 459

languid 188, 391

languor 604

Lanz, David 534, 537

la-pentatonic --> modes /pentatonic

Lära för livet 141, 620, 621

Lara, Agustín 395

Lara’s Theme 171, 470, 471

largeness 133

Largo (Handel) 315, 316

The Lark Ascending 322

laser 648, 649

gun 648

lighting 650

Lassie (TV theme) 445

Last Night of the Proms 223, 428

Last Train To San Fernando 352

lateral thinking 104, 105

latest (modern) 621

Latin America[n] 330-57, 458

influence on fashion 649

interference from USA 420

machismo 345

minor modes 332–336

Latin[o] 6, 645

latinamericanicity 333-4, 342, 343-5, 355

Latin Americans 122

respondents 117, 136, 420

percussion 115, 645–652

South America as library music category 645

speech rhythms 347-357

Laura (Raksin) 171

Lauretis, Teresa De 668, 672

law 672

Law Breakers 600

Lawhead, Steven 71

Layla 62

layman (Laie) (Hegel) 15

Lazaroff, Jorge 335

Lazarsfeld, Paul 43, 44, 45, 81

leader 428

Lean, David 199

leaves (from trees) 241

leaving 134

Leavis, Frank R 85

Leavis, Queenie D 40, 85

Lecaros, Fernando 361

lechery 593

Led Zeppelin 594, 630

Ledang, Ola Kai 329

Lee, Ed 23

Lee, Pedro van der 293, 336, 350, 355, 356, 361

Leech, Charles 30

Leeds 429

Leeds Music 278-9

Leeuwen, Theo van 89

left-wing 82, 620

leg warmers --> clothes

legato 156-7, 168–9, 192, 197, 221, 270, 432-3, 504-5, 516, 517

as ‘female’ trait 669

e cantabile 432-3, 461

Legend of the Glass Mountain

(Rota) 171, 201, 203, 232

Legrand, Michel 196

legs (female), underscore for 386

Lehar, Franz 429

Leiber, Jerry 583, 628, 629, 630

Der Leiermann 321

Leigh, Fred W 213

Leigh, Vivien 174, 605

leisure 239, 245, 249, 415, 428

leisurely 270

Leitklangfarbe 378

Leitmotif 378, 677

Lenin, Vladimir I 15

Mausoleum 428

Leoncavallo, Ruggero 596

Leone, Sergio 301, 305, 331, 332, 362, 363, 364, 365, 367, 371, 372, 375, 393

Leoni, Stefano A E 47

Lerdahl, Fred 51

Lerner, Alan Jay 396

Lesley --> sound processing

Let’s Face the Music and Dance 196

Levis jeans 68, 564

Levi-Strauss, Claude 561

Leybourne, George 294

Leys School, Cambridge 223

Lgr69 45

Liberace 99, 136, 180, 199, 215

liberalism 421, 422

liberation of the ego 18, 60, 70

liberation of the id 43, 60, 70

Liberty Bell 114, 294, 398–430

actual bell 414

march --> Monty Python

‘liberty’ (individual) 60

library music 124-5, 380, 414, 415, 470, 517, 518, 530, 807

companies

Boosey & Hawkes 100, 126, 171, 224 (Cavendish 645)

Bruton 126, 415, 470

CAM 126, 380, 586, 590

Conroy 126

De Wolfe 126, 602

KPM 126, 414, 415, 470

Major Mood Music 126

Music House 470

Network Music 470

Selected Sounds 126, 517, 586, 600

Scoremaster 530

relation to VVA taxomony 125–130, 671

Liebes, T & Katz E 87

Liebestraum 171, 516

Liebmann, Lisa 649

Lieder 171

life expectancy 63

Life in a Glasshouse 456

Life On The Ocean Wave 306-307

D minor section 327

‘life’s like this’ 514, 517, 518

lifestyle 650

Ligeti, György 14

light 133, 213, 247, 248, 673

flashing 623

lighter and brighter 659, 660

music 21, 41

polysemic VVA 138

Light Cavalry (von Suppé) 294

Linde, Gunnel 429

Lindh, Björn J:son 807

linear chromaticism 592

Ling, Jan 15, 18, 19, 23, 38-40, 44–5, 46, 47, 56, 61, 62, 85, 312, 678

lingua franca (musical) 35, 38, 60

linguistics 51, 52, 53

Linn drums 648

Lions Club 429

lipstick 650

Lissa, Zofia 124–125, 323

Lists of VVAs --> VVAs

Listen with Mother (radio) 250

listener typology 42

listeners (informants) 131

listening modes 41, 119

Listopadov, A M 322

Liszt, Ferenc (a.k.a. Franz)19, 30, 48, 171, 232, 443, 516

literary criticism/theory 42, 67, 85

Little Birdie 352, 355

little --> boy --> girl, etc.

Little House on the Prairie 325

littoral --> shore --> beach

liturgical 179

Liu, Catherine 501

live music 621

lively 133, 416, 662

Liverpool 254, 309 (Scouse 809)

University of 7, 58

living it up 624, 674

Livingston Jay 305, 376

Llangollen 255

Lloyd, A L 23, 310, 313, 322, 323, 332, 333, 334, 336, 337, 342, 343, 350, 354, 379

ionian mode in Britain 322

Lobgesang 443

local --> geocultural location

location 125 --> geocultural

--> historical --> ethnic --> exotic, --> rural --> urban --> class --> indoors --> outdoors

Locke, Matthew 52

Locomoath (Jethro Tull) 662

locusts 100

Loewe, Frederick 396

lo-fi 115

Loggins, Kenny 653

logocentr/-ic/-ism/-icity 9, 10, 78, 83, 207, 647, 807

logogenic 807

Lohengrin 48

Lola (Kinks) 62

Lolita 456

Lomax, Alan 36, 272

Lomax, John A 307-8, 324, 326, 379, 392

London 413, 428, 649

lone/-liness/-ly/-some --> solitary

Lone Ranger 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 304

Lonely Boy (Anka) 338

Lonely Woods (Lully) 174

long --> clothes --> hair --> time

longing 179, 189, 195, 197, 218, 224, 321, 446-8, 453, 536, 577

loophole 328, 329 -- See also time

loose 133

Lopatin, N M 322

loquacity 143

Lord Peter Wimsey (TV) 581

Lord, Jon 462

lordship 417

loss 208

lost innocence 518

Lost Weekend (film) 589

Lothman, Jurij 668, 672

loud --> volume --> clothes

loudspeakers 652

Louise 227

Loussier, Jacques 606

love 122, 130, 132, 136, 137, 144, 145, 167, 171, 178, 198, 207, 208, 212, 218, 220, 224, 239, 240, 244, 245, 249, 250, 251, 260, 391, 430, 458, 459, 461, 469, 472, 514, 530, 620, 666, 673, 674

across forbidden frontiers 469

bitter-sweet 458–466

courteous 218

erotic 293

Hollywood underscores 224

hot 265

impossible 469

lovers 244

lovesick 457

parental 250, 666

private sphere and 499

repas d’amour 244

romantic 178, 207, 220, 240, 249, 251, 666

‘sincere’ melodies 299

story 429, 458, 459, 462

unrequited 380

Love Is A Many-Splendored Thing (Four Aces) 64, 65, 421

Love Me Do (Beatles) 21

Love of Siegmund & Sieglinde 208

Love Story (1944) 201, 203

Love Story (Lai) 448, 449, 453, 470

The Love Strain 190

love theme from The Godfather 452

loveless dancing 498–501

low --> register / low

Low Scores listings 151

Lucia di Lamermoor 443

ludic --> sport

ludicrous 387

lugubrious 181, 183, 575

Lull, James 70

lullabies 249–252

Lullaby (Iljinsky) 250

Lully, Jean-Baptiste 174, 315

luminous, luminosity 246, 247

lumpenproletariat 60, 70

Lumpy Gravy (Zappa) 531

lush 171, 174

lute-family instruments

ethnic cue 466, 467, 468, 469, 471, 472

luxury 170, 393

Lynn, Pat 170

Lynyrd Skynyrd 274, 345, 653

lyricism 132, 175, 514, 517

Lyrische Stücke (Grieg) 321

M

m6, m7, m9, etc. --> chords /minor

m add9 chord --> chords /minor

Ma mère l’oye 495

Maalox antacid 661

MacAhan family 296, 351

Macbeth, Conchita 602

Macdonalds 430

machine[s] 486, 646, 674

mechanical 138, 494, 495, 496, 518, 623

machismo --> male

Machtübernahme 41

mad[ness] 133, 461, 569

mad scientist 378

mental illness, disarray or instability 197, 576

Madame Bovary 77, 220

Madame Butterfly 568

Madame rêve (A Bashung) 456

Madison (Wisconsin) 42

Madison Avenue 43

Madrid 337

madrigalisms 183

Maeterlinck, Maurice 260, 261

Mafia 587, 602

magazine[s] (glossy) 262, 263

Magdics, Klara 53

Maggie’s Farm 658

The Magic Flute 318

Magnificent Seven 5, 325, 351, 355

Magnum (TV) 585

Mahagonny (Rise & Fall of) 230

Mahler, Gustav 29, 30, 48, 29

Maigret 677

Maillol, Aristide B J 257, 258

mainstream (Euro-N. Amer.) 108–9

majestic 120, 387

major

key/mode --> modes /major

major-triad chords (e.g. add6, maj7, add9, maj9, sus9) and intervals (e.g. 3rd, 6th) --> chords/intervals /major

relative major --> harmony

thirds --> chords/intervals

Major Mood Music --> library mus.

malagueña guitar lick 336, 337

Malagueña salerosa 333, 334, 348, 350, 351, 355, 357

male -- See also gender -- See also boy

domination 461

grunting 378

machismo 331, 345

macho 380

lust 593

men 668, 674, 675, 678

virile/virility 386, 393, 394

exertion 376

horns 376

strength 376

voice pitch 221, 222

Malone, Bill C 296, 373

Malvern 195

mambo 361

El mampulorio 332, 334

Man and his Music 49

The Man from U.N.C.L.E. 366, 621

Man Of Mystery 368, 625

The Man on the Roof 807

The Man Who Broke The Bank At Monte Carlo, The 294

The Man with the Golden Arm 570, 580, 581, 582, 594–595, 599

Man, Henrik de 40

management theory 678

managerialism 19, 66

The Manchester Angel 336

Mancini, Henry 351, 583, 599, 600, 624, 626, 631, 676

mandolin 433, 461, 462, 466, 468, 469, 471, 472, 473

Mandolin Brothers 473

Mandrake 301

Manic Depression (Hendrix) 592

Manifesto of Futurism 484

manipulation 84, 678

musical 679

Mannheim school 170

Mannheimer, Carin 115

manor (house[s]) 224, 249

Manvell, Roger 124

The Marcels 212

march/-es/-ing

97, 100, 388, 410, 412, 413, 415, 420, 421, 422, 425, 426, 430

--> band / marching

circus 428

in 6/8 409, 411, 415-417, 419, 420, 423, 426, 427

March of the Light Cavalry 412

March to Cadence CDs 425

Marche cosmopolitaine 294, 411

Marche funèbre 314

Marco Polo (TV) 456-8, 565, 569

Marconi, Luca 51, 56, 65, 220, 268

Marcus, Greil 80

Marcuse, Herbert 41, 42

marginalisation

of music in popular music studies 80

of popular music studies 57

of women’s studies 57

‘Maria’ (West Side Story) 584

Maria Chuchena 342

Maria Marten (Ballad of) 323

mariachi 336, 356, 371

Mariachi Sol 336, 350, 356

Marian Librarian 592–593

marimba as subversion 468

Mariner’s Mirror 325

Marines (US) 424, 425

Marinetti, F T 291, 294, 301, 383, 386, 484, 485, 486, 490

market day/outdoor market 410, 415

marketing 75, 678

marksmanship 291

Marley, Bob 61

Maróthy, János 23, 56, 85, 103, 269, 388, 657

‘Mars’ (Planets Suite) 5

Marsh, Dave 65, 80

marshalling yards 605

Marteau sans maître (Boulez) 230

Martin, Sir George 60, 63

Martínez, José Luiz 47, 56

Marvin, Hank 370

Marvin, Lee 351, 396

Marx, Adolf B 16, 18, 21, 28, 61

Marx, Enrico 602

Marx, Karl 23, 26, 24, 650

Marxism 24, 85

Mary Poppins 323, 429

Maryland Public TV 491, 493

The Masher King 294

Maslíah, Leo 335

Mass in 4 Parts (Byrd) 454

mass observation 40, 85

massacre (My Lai/Song My) 423

Massanet, Jules 31

masterpiece 60

Masters of Melody 516, 518

Masters of War 326

Mastroianni, Marcello 197

maternal instinct --> mother

Matlovsky, Samuel 677

matrix

dot printers 489

harmonic 360

La bamba 345

Mattelart, Armand 80, 81, 84, 87

MatthäusPassion 170, 185, 186, 574

Mattheson, Joh. 16, 17, 35, 312

Maull, Gemma 7

Maxwell-Davis, Sir Peter 63

May 1st, 17th --> holiday

May, Brian 60, 61, 103, 423

Maybellene (Berry) 368

Mayfield, Percy 629

mayor 413

MBE 63

McCartney, Sir Paul 60, 62, 63

McClary, Susan 90

McCloud (TV) 299

McGlennon, Felix 294

McLaughlin Group (TV) 491, 492

McLuhan, Marshall 484, 490, 494

McPherson’s Farewell 345

Meade, Margaret 52

meadow[s] 136, 240, 241–246, 249, 257, 262, 381, 392

meal --> food & drink

mean difference --> statistics 150

mechanical --> machine

MECO 648

media

musical 35

studies 60

VVAs relating directly to 125, 652, 646, 656,

medicine 672

Mediterranean 218, 247, 323, 328, 331, 392, 467

meeting[s]

personal 674

organised event 675

megadrone 661

megareverb 115

Meinen Jesum lass’ ich nicht 456

Die Meistersinger 29

melancholy, etc. 133, 179, 231, 319, 381, 385, 446, 449, 452, 459, 460, 461, 514, 517, 518, 674, 675

Mellbinger, Stefan 624

Mellers, Wilfrid 49, 56, 82, 186

Melodies that will Live Forever 518

melodious 620

Melodiradion 807

melody / melodic 115, 217–231, 422, 424, 442–453, 531–532, 657–659

chromatic 588, 589

contour 268-9, 442, 452, 669

descending 595–596

disjunctive flooding 225–231

--> direction[ality]

gap fill contour 381, 383

high pitch 588–590

phrase 658

enhancing actor’s emotions 382

lack of in Miami Vice 115

male and female 669

male voice --> register /vocal

melody-accompaniment dualism 387, 657

stiff upper lip 221–5

tortuous 589

trumpet 596–597

Membrilla (Mexico) 336

men --> male

menace --> danger

Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix 18, 31, 191, 315, 337, 443, 552

Mendoza, David 319

Mendoza, Vicente T 356

Menschenkind 445

mental disarray --> madness

merchant subjectivity 24

The Mercury Theatre of the Air 177

Merriam, Alan P 36, 37

Merry Christmas Mr Lawrence 600

The Merry Widow 429

Mervant, Pierre 261

Merwe, Peter van der 209, 324, 345

mesomúsica (Vega) 57, 58

The Messiah (Handel) 101, 517

messy 646

mestizo 344

metalanguage 121 ff.

metacontextual discourse 9, 28, 59, 83, 678, 807

metatextual/metamusical discourse 9, 10, 28, 59, 91, 92, 678, 807

Metallica 423

metaphors 647

metaphysics of music 18, 21, 23, 25, 26, 36, 70

method 107-152, 631, 675

Methodist Hymn Book 175, 176, 345

metonymy 101, 123, 409 -- See also genre synecdoche

metre 97, 98,100, 101 -- See also rhythm

6/4, 12/8 622

compound (6/8) 101, 295-6, 322, 333-7, 342-3, 350, 356-7, 409, 411, 465

horse music 293–295

-- See also march /6/8

birhythm 171, 622

cross-rhythm 343, 532

hemiola 320, 342, 343, 361, 364

simple for horse music 293–295

syncopation 342-5, 654, 655

three against two 172

metronomic --> tempo

Mexican Hat Dance 333, 355, 383

Mexico/Mexican 297, 310, 323, 328–32, 336, 337, 341, 342, 343, 345, 348, 350, 355-7, 361-2, 365, 388-9, 394

border with USA 122, 123

production 391

Mexicans 136, 362, 363-5

‘south of the border’ 355, 383

territories 355

Trad. 337, 362, 364, 365, 385, 391

Zorro 356

Meyer, L B 379, 387, 471, 590, 664

Mezzrow, Mezz 597

MGM 647

Miami 623

Miami Vice (‘Vice’, Tune 10) 101, 107, 108, 109, 111, 112, 115, 129, 141, 142, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 153, 297, 298, 299, 301, 375, 392, 410, 463, 468, 472, 483, 485, 486, 494, 495, 496, 499, 500, 551, 551, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 572, 584, 599, 600, 606, 632, 633–664, 666, 667, 668, 669, 670, 676

cf. Owed to ‘g’ 617–624

miasma 133, 569

Miceli, Sergio 30, 49, 370, 371, 372

Michael Shayne 572

Michaelangelo 419

Michaels, Bret 423

Michelsen, Morten 42, 48, 64-5, 67, 70, 85, 89

Mickey Mouse 496

microphone 423

close-up 472

moving coil 39

middle class --> class

middle of (in the) 134

Middleton, Richard 21, 42, 43, 55, 56, 72, 81, 82, 89, 271, 273, 274

MIDI 7

A Midsummer Night’s Dream (Mendelssohn) 191, 337

Mike Hammer 571–572, 627

Milan 577

Milano odia 600

mild 133

mild shock 648

Milestones 578, 580

Miley, ‘Bubber’ 573

Milhaud, Darius 30

military 378, 409, 410, 412, 419, 420, 427, 428, 429, 498

band 398 -- See also band[s]

cadences, chants 422

music for in USA 422–426

‘public’ school training for 223

US 390

mill wheel 236

Milland, Ray 589

Mille, Cecil B de 429

Miller, Frank 411

Miller, Glenn 230

A Miner’s Life 354

Mineral Wells (Texas) 373

miners 86, 309

minichromatic

--> harmony /chromaticism

Mini-Moog 553

minor chords (e.g. m6, m6 add9,. m7, m7b5, m9, m add9, m maj9) --> chords/intervals

minor intervals (e.g. 3rd, 6th, 7th) --> chords/intervals

minor key/mode --> modes (minor); --> harmony --> melody --> jazz

Minot, Adolf 567

miserable/misery 137, 183, 185

Miss Marple 580

mission 197

Mission Impossible 366, 378

The Mission 565

mist[y] --> weather

Misteri del lago 589

Misterioso infernale (Borch) 567

Misterioso #2 (Minot) 567

misunderstanding/misunderstood 430, 569, 585

Mit Verlangen (Bach) 444

mnemonic identification (title music function) 110, 513, 658

Moanin’ Low 566, 577, 598

moaning/moans 181, 576

mobility --> direction --> speed

social --> class

mode[s], modality 356 -- See also chords -- See also harmony

aeolian 306, 310, 322, 358, 361, 663

archaism 310, 334, 390

big-country 357 ff.

blues 372, 628

British 322-324

Central Europe 317–321

church modes 371

dorian 311, 322, 361

English folk 322, 323

exoticism 319

Gregorian 371-372

harmony 357 ff.

ionian 310, 313, 322

lack of (modality) 215

major vs minor 310, 344, 449

‘happy vs sad’ 310–29

theres and thens 327–330

major-key 104, 317, 409, 496

laments 309

the ‘tutti community’ 392

medieval 312

minor-key 104, 154, 306, 307, 320, 321, 327–36, 350, 362, 367, 369, 370-72, 379-80, 385, 389-92, 395, 396

archaic 310, 317–21, 334, 390

celebratory 309-310

crime 625–631

moods 307–330

nostalgia 327–330

sadness 310–317

mixolydian 322, 336, 345, 361, 492, 495, 658

half cadences 357 ff.

Morricone’s view of 370-72

nationality/nationalism 396

pentatonic[ism] 115, 179, 302, 303, 325, 322, 334, 530-7, 658

blues riffs 600

cluster 179

doh-pentatonic (major) 5, 322, 396

Dvorák 325

la-pentatonic (minor) 179, 322, 361, 600, 630, 631

marginalisation 531–532

rambling 578

spread westwards (US) 326

phrygian 319, 320, 322, 335, 338, 359, 360, 361

polarity modal/tonal 305, 330

‘pretonal’ 371

return of (modality) 312

rock 310, 313, 620

Russia 322

models (photo/fashion) 262-4, 647

modern --> historical

Modern Jazz Quartet 606

Modern Times 484

modernity 644, 648, 650

modulation --> harmony

modulator --> sound processing

modus irrealis 328, 391

modus lascivus 313

Moel Famau 254

Moldau --> Vltava

mollity 133, 460 -- See also soft

momentum 294, 341, 591

monarchy 61, 62, 66, 418

Monash University 73

Monelle, Raymond 50, 51, 53

monetarism 72, 87, 421, 422

money 22, 25, 26, 664

deified fetish of 26

mono sound 115 -- See also sound process.

monopolisation 35

monotony 133

travel music 656

Monroe, Bill 352

Monroe, Marilyn 199

Monroe, Vaughn 351, 369, 371, 395

Monteverdi, Claudio 335, 471

Montgomery, Field Marshall Lord 416, 417, 426

Montreal 423

Monty 415-417

Monty Python’s Flying Circus (‘Python’, Tune 3) 96, 107, 112, 113, 114, 123, 129, 147, 148, 149, 150, 223, 294, 297, 317, 353, 397-430, 498, 513, 515, 516, 536, 560, 606, 621, 632, 666, 667, 668, 675, 676

children VVAs 251

Holy Grail 292, 464, 602–3

TV series 224

mood -- See also affect -- See also emotion

change of (Skinner) 662

mood music --> library music

moon 518

Moon of Alabama 179, 230

Moonlight Bay 226, 227, 230

Moonlight Gambler 395

Moonlight Serenade 230, 268

example 230

Moonlight Sonata 516, 517, 518

moors 139

MoR 422, 807

morale 425

Morales, Luis de 258

Morey, Larry 445

Morisette, Alanis 264

Morley, Thomas 182

morning 224, 247 -- See also time / (of day)

misty 383 -- See also weather

morning coat 199

Morricone, Ennio 5, 31, 32, 49, 171, 189, 197, 304, 346, 362, 367, 368-73, 376, 377, 378, 379, 396, 456, 457, 458, 462, 565, 569, 586–588, 589, 600, 652

Morris, Charles 51, 52

Morris, John 5, 395, 648

Morrison, Van 60

Morse code --> teletype

Moscow 62

Mosely, Oswald 418, 419

Moszkowski, Moritz 340

mother 220 -- See also women

The Cruel Mother 336

Listen with Mother (radio) 250

maternal instinct 672

motherlessness 212

Mothers of Invention 353

Motion Picture Moods for Pianists & Organists (Rapée) 31, 126, 314

motion -- See also speed -- See also direction

motion sickness 575

motivation research 43

motorbike[s] 100, 496

sex and rock music 293

motoric 622 -- See also direction

drive 337, 343

motorised fandangos 336–341

motorway[s] 461, 486, 674

Motown™ 44, 472

Mountain Dew (Irish Trad.) 355

mountain flatpicking 375

mountains 213, 302, 305, 331, 364, 377, 386, 388, 389, 394

mournful. mourning 308, 574

moustache 418

movement -- See also direction -- See also speed

kinetic anaphones 100

mobility 646

social --> class

music’s underlining of 125

movie projector 414, 415, 421

Movietone News 416

Mozart, Wolfgang A 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 173, 175, 180, 186, 187, 196, 218, 220, 233, 244, 318, 444, 581

Mr Mister 424

Mr. P.C. (Coltrane) 583, 628

msus9 --> chords / suspended

MTV 313

Muleskinner Blues 353

Mulhern, Francis 65, 80, 84

multinational 420

multiple choice --> reception test

Mummers’ Plays 326

München 48

murder 135, 569, 570, 577, 581, 589

murderess 676

Murdock, Graham 81, 84, 85

murmuring 236

Musée de l’homme 38

musematic

analysis method 94–103, 104

commutation 105

evidence 154

hunches 114–115

interobjective comparison 96-99 et passim

museme[s] (incl. stacks and strings) 94, 101, 807-8

music

analysis -- See also museme /musematic /

discussed 9, 10, 11, 46, 55-7, 59, 64, 80-2, 89, 92, 94-105, 147, 152, 231, 273, 275, 679, presented passim

‘… as “music”’ 59, 103, 272

departments of 60

education --> education

history: defalsifying 679

industry 26

Music and Letters 22

Music Box (music TV) 649

music hall 294, 416, 429

Music House --> library music

The Music Man 592–593

musica leggera 370, 372

Musica, espressione, emozione 56

musical (adj.) --> absolutism, --> autonomy --> notation

categories

non-musos 103–105

common sense

--> VVAs /taxonomy

competence 9–11

flashback 131

knowledge 9-11, 678

types of 9–11

structure 12, 43, 153, 154

text and cultural studies 79–84

work, the 11

musical[s] 429, 605

Musical Quarterly 22

Musical Semiotics in Growth 51

Musician magazine 534

musicians 78, 80, 619, 632

circus 427

as informants 131

musicogenic 120, 808

categories 666, 675

ideology of 677–679

cognition 105

musicology (incl. musicological, musicologist[s], etc.) 4, 7-8, 10-12, 14, 16-17, 19, 21-22, 27-29, 32, 34, 35, 39, 41-46, 48-51, 53, 54-55, 57-61, 63, 64, 73, 74, 79, 80-83, 85, 86, 104, 109, 121, 124, 130, 141-2, 154, 172, 235, 252, 271, 275, 312, 320, 343, 371, 427, 675, 678

-- See also popular music / studies

-- See also ethnomusicology -- See also semiotics

-- See also sociology

biomusicology 10, 15

comparative 36, 38

Critical Musicology Forum 8, 57

department[s] of 44, 60

discourse used in

inaccessibility of 90-92, 103

musicologists as informants 131

Musik und Gesellschaft 40

Musikgeschichte des 19. Jahrhundert 37

Musikhögskolan 46

musique concrète 30, 370

muso[s] 59, 808

Mussolini, Benito 485

Mussorgsky, Modest 321, 470, 533, 553, 564

Night on a Bare Mountain 100

mutes, muted 115, 522, 572

Harmon mutes 540-1

Muzak 471, 581

My Bonnie 448

My Bulgarian Baby 621

My Dog Blue --> old blue

My Generation 66, 652

My Lai massacre 423

My Rough and Rowdy Ways 353

My Sweet Lord 95

My Way 196

myster/-y/-ious 378, 459, 518,

588–590

mystical 132, 268

oriental 531

Mythologies (Barthes) 490

N

Nana. (film) 600

Nånstans, nån gång 471

Nanton, ‘Tricky’ Sam 573

napalm 425

Naples 329

Spain 341

traditional music from 311

Napoleon Bonaparte 22

Napoleonic Code 22

narrative

love and crime 461

cowboys 302

considerations 463

curve 659

genre 458, 462

outlines MV 661

symmetry of plot 664

narratological, narratology 672

convention 461

device 469

nasality in bluegrass 352

Nash, Graham 424

Nastro d’argento 370

nasty 190

Nathan, Robert 389

national 413, 424, 429, 517

assets 421

curriculum 45–46

National Enquirer 491

National Health Service 417, 421

National Heritage 7 (KPM) 414

Nationaldagen 415

nationalisation 417, 421

nationalis/-m/-t 309, 428

British 61

German, musical 320

Nationalteatern 619, 620, 808

nations/nation states 413, 420

Native American[s]

Ayamara 334

Aztec 291, 334

Hollywood music for 303

Huapango 356

Huayno 334, 343, 361

Inca 334

Quechua 334

Nattiez, Jean-Jacques 51, 53, 54, 55

Nature/nature 224, 236, 442, 446, 514, 516, 517

vs artefact 388, 514

vs Culture 461, 671-2

naughty 265

nausea 576, 579

Navy Seals (USA) 425

Naylor, Ken N 223

Nazi 41

NBC 39

Neapolitan --> chords

near vs far 388

Nebbie al castello 589

negative

drum scenario 650–652

evaluations

Virginian 345-6, 387

experience 460

Neglin, Anders 677

‘negotiated readings’ 87

Nehring, Neil 73

Nelson, Terry 423

Nelson, Willy 218, 228

neo-liberalism 72, 87

neologisms 131, 134

neon lights 623

Nero, Franco 587

nerves/nervous 590, 604

nervous energy 489

nervous strain 589

Ness, Elliott 582

Netherlands 418

Nettl, Bruno 37, 51

Network Music --> library music

Neuls-Bates, C 29

neutral[ity] 132, 376, 530, 660, 674

Le neveu de Rameau 15, 16, 17

Neveu, Éric 80, 81, 84, 87

New Age music (Zen and) 534

New Jersey 602

New ‘Labour’ 421

new look --> fashion

New Mexico 355

New Orleans 115, 567, 571, 582, 597

New World Symph. 303, 319, 325

New York 135, 494, 567, 570, 571, 572, 597, 603, 605

New York State of Mind 582

Newcastle Brown 345

Newman, Alfred 305, 359

Newport Jazz Festival 310

news/news music 388, 487–94, 554

ABC bans news anaphones in adverts 490

BBC radio news 488

Capital Radio News 487

CBS Evening News 341, 388

current affairs music 492

etymophony 488–494

Movietone News 416, 417

‘news’ 487

newsreels 97, 412, 415-6, 420

reports on China (1989) 501

Swedish TV news 487, 606

Radio Newsreel 411, 412, 416

Téléljournal (TF1) 488

TV Cinq 651

WINS news station logo 490 -- See also busy -- See also teletype -- See also urgent

News at Ten 606

Nicaragua 6, 420

nice 137

Nick Carter 572

Nicks, Stevie 424

Nietzsche, Jack 24, 484, 576

night 443, 570, 571, 572, 579, 587, 597, 601, 605, 624, 671, 674

club 127, 135, 370

life 135, 265

Night on a Bare Mountain 553, 564

Night Passage (film) 304

The Night Stalker 493

nightmare 589, 624

Nimrod (Elgar) 195, 221, 223

Nine-Pound Hammer 353, 354

nineteenth century --> historical

1900 --> Novecento

1900-1999 --> historical

ninths --> chords/intervals

Niro, Robert de 565

Nirvana 21, 66, 73

Nissyros 467

Nix, Don 630

Nixon, Richard 488

Nketia, J W K 38

‘no censorship’ 265

‘no conflicts’ 132

No Roses (Steeleye Span) 306

noble 197

Noble, Ray 579

Nobody Knows (US Trad.) 229

nocturnal 444, 569

nocturne[s] 171, 443

Nocturnes (Debussy) 246

non-designated recognition 513, 515, 516

None but the Aching Heart ((this entry, below) under åò, òîëúêî òîò...) 205, 206, 212, 218

non-military 410

non-musos 103–105

Nono, Luigi 370

non-recognition 112–113

nonverbal communication 104, 105

Noriega, Manuel 420

normal[ity] 70, 108, 483-501, 514, 518, 519, 666

middle-class 64

Norman, Monty 573, 626

Normandy invasion 417

Normann, E 294, 411

Nørrebro 413

North by Northwest 569

North Pole 588

North, Alex 196, 540, 579, 581, 583, 592, 600-1

North, Oliver 4-6

Norway 321, 415, 631

skolekorps, 17 May 415

nostalgia 132, 171, 240, 309, 361, 429, 430, 459, 460, 461, 472, 514, 517, 518, 675

Grieg’s Lyrische Stücke 321

minor mode 327–330

Nostalgia of the Father (Morricone) 456, 457, 458

Not Alone Anymore 229

notation (musical) 35, 81

ethnomusicology and 36, 39

notational centricity 28, 55

problems for popular music analysis 152, 153

uses in popular music 55

note (musical)

definition 808

doorstop note 228, 229, 806

grace notes 226, 231

menace note 651, 660, 661

shape-note singing 324

suspense notes 627

Nottamun Town 326

Notting Hill Carnival 62

Notturno (Pick-Mangiagialli) 443

nouveau riche 60

Novecento 197, 456, 565, 569

novela rosa 137, 808

novelty tune[s]/song[s] 412, 496

Liberty Bell 413

Now Cease My Wandering… 316

Now Voyager (film) 171

nude 418, 419

The Nude Maya (Goya) 257

nu-metal 424

Nuova Consonanza 370

Der Nussbaum 171

Nylöf, Göran 44–45

Nynningen 619, 620, 808

O

O Haupt voll Blut… 456

O helga natt 196

O Mensch, bewein’ … 185

O! What A Beautiful Morning 108

O’Lochlainn, C 310, 345, 347, 355

O’Neill, Eugene 371

OBE 60, 63

Oberon 445

object relations (Klein) 76

objectivism 27

oblivion (Reynolds) 65, 67

oboe --> orchestration

obsolescence 553, 605, 650, 666, 676

bebop flat fifth 583–588

guaranteed by fashion 496

of ‘space drum’ 648

ocarinas 378

OCORA 38

octave[s] --> chords & intervals

Oe’r the Muir 348

Oedipus Rex (Stravinsky) 471

Off To Sea Once More 336

offbeat 295, 337, 342-3, 356, 628, 600

An Officer and a Gentleman 425

officers 427

Officers’ Training Corps 223

official 413, 417, 420, 422, 423, 424, 426, 428

Official Detective (radio) 572

Oft Have I Sighed 182

Il ogro 565

Oh Happy Day 95

‘oh my!’ 386

Oh! For the Wings of a Dove 315

Oh! I Must Get Home… 294, 411

Oh! Susanna 377

Öhrström, Eva 29, 233

Oil Bath 586, 600

Okie from Moscogee 296

Oklahoma! (R&H) 108, 295

old 536

England 429

fashioned 238, 500

folks 239

order 419

people 428

time[s] --> historical

Old Blue 325, 355

Old City (Gamla stan) 808

Old Dog Tray 325

Old Horse 380

Oldfield, Mike 414

Ole Paint 295, 325

Olimar (river) 335

Oliver, Paul 80, 293

Olofsson, Per-Olof 23, 24

Olympic Games 415

ominous 120, 566

Omnimusic --> library music

On Popular Music --> Adorno

On the Open Praire (Copland) 100

On the Steppes of Central Asia 100

On the Trail (Grofé) 591

on way to… 590, 591, 592

Once Upon a Time in… (films) --> C’era una volta…

One Cool Cuban (Gillespie) 645

One Flew over the Cuckoo’s… 576

The Onedin Line 240, 246

Ono, Yoko 30

onomatopoeia 99, 292, 295 -- See also anaphone / sonic -- See also programme

‘ooh la-la!’ 132, 135, 265, 385, 648

007 --> James Bond

open[ness] 133, 214 -- See also panorama

fields 388

opening 212

of parliament 415

opera 122, 215

operatic 424

operetta 429

Ophelia (Steck) 259, 260, 261

Ophelia (film cue, Hamlet) 456

opinion

musical, non-verbal 4–7

public 417, 420

opposition[al[ity]] 66, 85, 618, 620

oppression at ‘public’ school 223

orange (colour) 139

Orbison, Roy 230

orchestration, instrumentation 169, 427, 461, 462, 630, 657

banjo 373, 375, 377

flatpicking 375

bassoon farts 588

clarinet[s] 115, 192, 467, 597-8

scoop 115, 597–598

cor anglais 380, 381

cowboy melodies 375

doomsday registration 153, 637

ethnicity/exoticism 466–74

folk lutes 466-472

full orchestra 391

--> guitar

geo-instrumental syllogism 469

harp 261, 278-9, 300, 376, 456

sweep 299, 386–387, 559

harpsichord 588

--> horn

importance of parameter 387

male and female 669, 670

--> mandolin

Morricone’s 370

oboe 192, 278-9, 379, 381–2, 388, 392, 472, 504-5, 516

--> piano

saxophone[s] 571, 597

in Cagney & Lacey 676

saw (musical) 576

--> strings

trombone[s] 461, 492, 540-1

slides 573–577

plunging 568, 572

trumpet[s] 115, 371, 487, 495, 540-1, 596-7, 622, 676

vibraphone 278-9, 300, 376, 676

xylophone[s] 476, 487, 494-8, 622

busy and comic 496-8

order/ordered (regularity) 133, 416, 421, 673

order (social) 672

‘orders are orders’ 25, 27

Oregon 328, 355

Orfeo e Euridice 316

organ 120, 221, 222, 223

Hammond 462, 628

organists 19

at sports events 330

orgy music (Rapée) 656

The Orient Express 604

oriental[ism] 115, 127, 531, 605

‘Original Soundtrack’ hype110

ornament-al/-ation 19

gingerbread 228

ornate 429

ös 808

Osbourne, Ozzie 62

oscillation/oscillatory 72, 246, 453

Oslo 413, 631

University of 116, 796

ossification 18 ff.

ostentat-ion/-ious 416, 424, 428

ostinato -- See also riff

bass 590–595

Otello (Verdi) 190, 194, 211

‘otherness’ --> alterity

otherworldliness --> ethereal

Our Man Flint (Goldsmith) 586

Our Town (Copland) 536

L’ours (Jansen) 197

Out of Africa 215

Out Of The Blue 411, 412

outdoors 652, 672, 674

outfit (costume) --> clothes

outrage 618

outwards 212

ovation 428

‘over’ as polysemic VVA 139

over/across 122, 134, 139, 297, 302, 303, 305, 331, 393

overdrive --> guitar /electric

overexposed 419

overhead 134

over-theorisation 87

Owed to ‘g’ (‘Purple’, by Deep Purple, Tune 9) 107, 114, 115, 129, 130, 135, 141, 147, 148, 149, 150, 153, 248, 269, 375, 410, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 494, 495, 496, 557, 559, 560, 561, 569, 572, 583, 590, 595, 607-632, 657, 667, 668, 669, 670

Owens, Buck 575

Oxford University 62

Oz 389

P

packaging 75

Padre Padrone 14

Pagliacci 596

Paice, Ian 462

pain 101, 123, 185, 196, 212, 417, 446, 449, 453, 457, 459, 460, 461, 464, 646

and pleasure 207–208

painful 190

Paint Your Wagon (show) 396

palace 413, 418

Paladin (Ballad of) 368

Palin, Michael 223, 224

Palisca, Claude V 8, 30

palm trees 239

Palmer, Christopher 569

Palmer, Roy 23, 308

Palmolive 243, 244

Pamela (15 yrs) 238, 532

pan pipes 462

Panama 420

pandiatonicism --> tonality

panning --> camera --> sound process.

panorama/panoramic view[s] 213, 382, 672 -- See also panning

big country (music for) 302, 344, 336, 357 ff., 386

big scenery 151, 514

lack of in Emmerdale 515

vs women in Westerns 394

broad expanses 213, 298

panorama vs close-up 388

open fields 388

wide open spaces 354, 388

wide views 195, 238

Pantène Pro Plus Shampoo 263

Paper Dolls (TV) 647, 648, 649, 650, 651, 653

parade 97, 123, 409, 410, 413, 415, 427, 428, 675

Paradise 208

parallel --> harmony

parameters of musical expression 39, 102, 808

paramusical 101, 110, 161, 806, 808

common denominators 97

fields of connotation --> PMFC

paranoia 426

Paranoid Android (Radiohead) 21

Les parapluies de Cherbourg 196

parasol --> props

paratextual 51

parental love 250

Paris 570, 605, 649

park[s] 123, 247, 249, 410, 428, 674

park bench 238

parkland 257

pleasure park 409

Parker, Charlie 32, 41

parlour (music) 16, 232, 233, 412

chromaticism 215

salon 266

Parlour Songbook 213

parody 353, 413, 419, 429, 648, 675

detective style 627

Western 358

Parr, John 424

Parra, Violetta 336

Parry, Sir C H Hubert 60, 210, 218, 220, 222, 223, 224, 428

Parsifal 190

partials 153, 651, 652

parting (exitive) 182, 183, 459, 460, 469, 674

departure 134, 388

party/[-ies] (fun) 392, 393, 410, 415

Party at the Palace 103, 424

pasa doble 338

pas-de-deux 240

passion 177, 199, 207, 430

of Christ 184, 185-6, 170, 456, 574 -- See also Matthäus -- See also Johannes

impassioned 186

passionate 197, 270

past time --> time

pastel shades 244, 554, 606, 650

pastiche 127, 346

El pastor 350

pastoral[-ity] 99, 101, 115, 161, 195, 244, 379–380, 381, 382–385, 513–519, 530–537, 533, 674

pastoral symphonies 101

Beethoven 99, 533

Christmas Oratorio 517

pastorale 518, 533

pastorella 533

pasture land 257

Pastures of Plenty 368, 371

patetico 380

pathos 177, 187, 192, 195, 197, 199, 200, 206, 223, 224, 422, 445

patience 673

patriarchal 419

Patricia (cha-cha-cha) 348

patriot/-ic/-sm 423, 428

music in USA 422–426

patronage 16

Pattison, Robert 585

Pauli, Hansjörg 30

Pause (Schubert) 213

peace 132, 177, 239, 270

of mind 178

peanut butter --> food

Pearl Jam 66

Pearsall, Ronald 23

peasants 328

Peck, Gregory 589

pedal point 101, 517, 589, 590, 598 -- See also drone

‘peeow’ --> ‘beew!’

Peer, Ralph 36

peerage 416

Peerson, Martin 182

Pegg, Bob 323

Peirce, Charles S 47, 51, 52, 296

pelagic --> sea

Pelléas et Mélisande 192, 471

hair scene 260–261

pendulum --> shuttle

Penguin Book of …

English Folk Songs 322

English Madrigals 455

penitent 184, 186

Pentagon 355, 677

pentatonic[ism] --> modes

Per Gynt 192, 200, 313, 314, 321

Abduction of the Bride 567

Per le antiche scale 197, 456

Per qualche dollari in più 331, 346, 370, 396

Per un pugno di dollari 304, 346, 368, 370, 371, 372, 373, 396, 456

perception 14, 100, 105-6, 111, 127, 129, 141, 154, 190, 227, 229, 235, 239, 252-3, 270-3, 275, 290, 295, 375, 388, 412, 447, 458, 462, 471, 485-6, 581, 632, 651, 652

percussion 300, 634-7, 648, 651, 652

Latin 645–650

Virginian 342–343

‘Pereat jedes Programm!’ 48

‘perfect’ pitch 95

perform[ance] 429, 620-1, 674

performing arts 60

periodicity 514

irregular 588

regular 604

perky 412, 415, 416, 417

per-mille scores --> statistics

perpetuum mobile 115, 337

Perry Mason 4, 572, 578, 592

TV theme 464, 591

Perry, Jimmy 429

Peru 334

‘perverse discipline’ 52, 53

pesante --> heavy

Pesni donskikh kazakov 322

Peter and the Wolf 568

Peter Gunn 368, 572, 600, 624

Duane Eddy riff 599

Peter Pan 495

Peterson, Richard A. 13, 43, 64

Petite Fleur 567, 570

Petrassi, Goffredo 370

Pétrouchka 246, 471

Petty Larceny 583, 585

Peyser, Joan 535

phallic 71

Phantasien über die Kunst 15

phasing --> sound processing

phatic modernity 644

Pheloung, Barrington 488, 581

phew! 217

philanthropy 25

Philip Marlowe 677

Philips, Robin 415

philosoph/-ical/-ising 464, 677

Phoenix (Arizona) 367

phonograms in ethnomusicology 38

photo models 262

phrasing 168–169, 462

Phrygia and Spartacus 240

phrygian --> modes

piano 376, 516, 540-,

arpeggios 156-7, 168, 171–2, 230-49, 504-5, 515, 516

Chopin 226

meadows and trees 241–246

water 233–240

duets 233

bourgeois home 232-3

Fender-Rhodes 197

octaves in bass 590

romantic 172, 232–233, 266

technical improvements 232

broiler 19

concertante 264

concerto[s] 156-7, 169, 171, 177, 191, 198–203, 516

-- See also Big Concerto Movie Themes

pathos in 198-202

Gershwin 578

Tchaikovsky (#1 in Bbm) 175, 177, 199

Rachmaninov (#2 in Cm) 199

pianist 499

sextuplets 171, 174, 246, 249

Picardy 3rd --> chords /tierce de P.

picking --> guitar --> orchestr /banjo

Pick-Mangiagalli, Ricardo 443

pick-up --> anacrusis

picnic 412, 415 -- See also food

Pictures (jazz tone poem) 496

Pictures at an Exhibition 321

piercing 101, 248

A Pilgrim’s Progress 196

Pillsbury Frozen Pizza Crust 467

Pinewood Studios 372

Pink Panther 583, 584, 626, 631

Pinochet, Augusto 420

Pinto, Guilherme Alencar 335

pioneer 302

Il pipistrello --> Fledermaus

Pishet, pishet Karla Shvedskii 322

pitch --> register /pitch

pitching (of boats) 248

pivot[s] --> chords /pivots

pizza crust commercial 467

pizzicato 467

placid[ness] 535, 536

plagal 175

plagal half cadence 536

plagal harmony 325, 358

plains 122, 354, 393

plaintive 192, 380, 574

plane 646

Planet Suite 21

planning 430, 674

Plantation (record label) 423

platform soles 553

Plato 27, 35, 39, 47

playlist rotation 113–114

pleading 380

pleasant 70

park 409, 429

pleasurable 428

shock 648, 650

surprise 648

Pleasantville 64

pleasure 70

and pain 207–208

plectrum 153

Plegaria a un labrador 336

plodding bass 565–6, 571, 592, 604

plot types: Western 392–394

plucky 417, 429

plunger[s] 540-1, 568, 572, 573

plush --> bar

PMFC 96, 97, 808 -- See also VVA

pogo stick 295

poignant 198, 381, 382, 388, 456

poison 676

Poison (band) 423

Poisson distribution 148, 149

Poitín (Ir. Trad.) 345, 355

police (incl. cop[s]) 459 -- See also deckare -- See also crime -- See also gangster[s]

shows (TV) 624, 659

Police Woman 676

politics, political -- See also power

asylum 62

power 60

crooked 588

UK under Blair 62

of Italian Western 332

La polizia non può sparare 600

Pollack, Benny 579

pollen 244

polysem/-y/-ic 207, 296

VVAs 135–136, 139

pomo-rockology --> popular music /studies /

pomp 416, 421, 424

pomp and circumstance 132

pomp metal --> rock

The Pond (Ives) 535, 537, 539

ponderous 300

Ponte Vedra (Galícia) 350

Poole, Brian, & the Tremoloes 472

Poole, Gaye 81

Poole, Steven 7

Poor Black Boy 532

‘poor thing!’ 217

pop music 621, 645, 646

‘pop style’ 495

Poppe, Nils 429, 808

popular classical music 62

popular music 30, 37, 41, 43, 46, 54, 55, 114, 119, 206, 272, 422, 531 et passim

characteristics of 54

compared to classical 59–62

definition 57

European 30, 232, 311, 321, 412

Latin American 334-6, 343, 345-7, 355, 361, 645

Morricone’s 370-371

studies 7-10, 14, 22, 34-8, 40-2, 44, 45, 54, 57–89, 90, 92, 103, 117, 152, 272, 425, 679

cultural studies 78-89

lack of music in 80-84

marginalisation of 57

musos vs cult studs 59, 80 ff

pomorockology 66-70, 73-8, 89, 808

raison d’être 57

Popular Music 10, 64, 67, 80, 86

Porcile, François 31

Porgy and Bess 571, 595

Porizkova, Paulina 263

Porky the Pig 575, 577

portamento 115, 217, 515, 522, 648

Porter, Cole 374

Portishead 456

Portsmouth (tune) 345

Portugal 329

positive 137, 673

postmodernism 67, 71, 76 -- See also pomo-rockology

authoritarianism of 76

stereotypes of 73

The Postmodernism Generator 73

postponed gratification 60, 65

Pour Adeline 175

Pour Dolly 250

pouting lips 264

poverty 572, 601

power 419, 424, 484–487, 648

abuse of 421

chord 652–653, 654, 660

corporations 420

empowerment 85, 88, 291, 679

fun and power 424

global: transfer of 413

hegemonic 44, 66, 424

intrinsic exclusivity of 485

nation state 60, 420

official representation in music 413, 414, 416-8, 420, 422, 423, 424, 425, 426

relations (gender) gender 671

vs speed in music 300

powerful 100

Powers, Stefanie 621

PR (‘public relations’) 62, 75

Prado, Perez ‘Prez’ 348

pragmatics --> semiotics

prairie 139, 297, 302, 305, 308

pranks 132

Prato, Paulo 14

prayer 178

precadential --> cadence

predatory (woman) 585

predetermined 604

predictability 514

Il prefetto di ferro 587

Prendergast, Roy M 124, 599, 601

preparatory (title music) 10, 513

prepositions 122, 303

Pre-Raphaelite 264

present --> time

Presentation Of The Flag 411

presentational 378, 385, 429, 673

Presley, Elvis 64, 86, 421

prestigious 132, 414, 428

pre-test hypotheses 111–112

‘pretonal’ 371 -- See also modes

Pretty Polly 354, 355

pride 133, 428

primal fantasy 24

primary signification --> semiotics

primitivism 531, 533

Prince Charles (UK) 62

printers --> teletype, etc.

Prior, Maddy 323

private, privacy 420

love, individuality as 499

vs public 28, 673

private eyes --> deckare

privileges 60 -- See also power-- See also hegemony

problem[s] (VVA) --> difficult[y]

Procul Harem 196, 338

production vs consumption

(of music) 618

The Professionals 624

proramme music 48, 99

prohibition (USA) 570

projection --> alterity --> ethnicity --> exoticism --> gesturality

Prokofiev, Sergei 30, 589

Prokunin, V P 322

prolapsual 131, 134, 251, 260, 261, 265, 270, 305, 515, 518, 808

proletari/-at/-sation 22, 35

promenade 100

propaganda 417, 678

proportional --> statistics

props -- See also clothes

parasol 236

Leone’s Westerns 331

test responses 120

‘trendy object’ 552, 647, 649, 650

propuls/-ion/-ive, propel --> direction

prosody 52

prostitute[s] 265, 464, 675

prostitution 133, 459, 569, 573, 582, 596

protagonist semiosis (musical)

lack of in Miami Vice 659

Proud Heritage 223, 224

Proud Mary 357, 662

provincial/-ism 413, 428, 429

psalms 175

pseudo-individualisation 420, 421

psychiatrist 589

Psycho (film) 100, 104, 190, 600

psychological experiences

musical expression of 125

psychology 48

psycho-social disorder 76

psychotic symbiosis 76

pub band 663

public 410, 412, 413, 416, 417, 418, 419, 420, 422, 423, 424, 425, 426, 428 -- See also celebration -- See also display -- See also holiday -- See also institution[s]

opinion 417, 420

representation 418, 422

services 421

TV 660, 661

spaces 423, 424

sphere 427

no love in 499

vs private 28, 673

‘public’ schools (UK) 221–225

Puccini, Giacomo 29, 31, 325, 568

Puebla, Carlos 334

puerto-ricanism 340

Pulp (band) 464

pulsating 461

pulse 646, 674 -- See also tempo

punch-out (recording) 660

pungent 625

Purcell, Henry 180, 182

pure 133

Purple --> Owed to ‘g’

Purple Haze (Hendrix) 593

Purser, Philip 202

Pyrenees 350

Pythonesque 418

Q

quadruplets 171

quadrusyllabic 347

quantification

alienation by 24

quantised 654

hoofbeats 295

quartal --> under harmony

quarter tones 576

Qua-ti Blues (Bechet) 567, 570

Quechua 334

Queen (band) 61, 423

Queen/queen (monarch) 409, 413, 668

Elizabeth II (UK) 60-1, 569

Mary (UK) 416

Sylvia (Sweden) 808

quick --> speed

quiescence 670

quiet 132, 535, 536, 674

Quiet City (Copland) 536

Quilapayún 342

Quilômbo 338

Quincy (TV) 585

quintal --> harmony

R

R & J --> Romeo & Juliet (Rota)

Race Records 374

Rachmaninov 171, 175, 180, 199, 211, 215, 232, 269

racism 272, 425

inverted 71

‘rad’ (=hip/cool) 650

radicalism (rock discourse) 65, 421

radio 13, 35, 428

format radio 13

news 487, 488

Melodiradion 807

Radio Moscow 470

Radio Newsreel 411, 412, 416

Radiohead 21, 66, 456

RAF 198, 201, 203

raga[s] – Pily and Saranga 558

raggare 808

ragged --> clothes /

Raggle-Taggle Gypsies 345

ragtime 325

RAI TV --> TV / stations

rail/-road/-way 383, 656 -- See also train[s]

rain[y] --> weather /

raised-eyebrow chromaticism 592

Rákóczy March 320

Raksin, David 42, 171

Ramblin’ Man (Allman Bros.) 658

Ramblin’ Yodeler 375

Rambo 5

Rameau, Jean-Philippe 387

Rameau’s Nephew 15, 16, 17, 68

Rampage (film) 600

Rampart Street 597

The Ramrods 368, 369, 375, 395

Randall, Carter 297, 664

Randgebiet[en] 38, 320

randy 594

rap 62, 67, 425

Rapée, Ernö 31, 126, 191, 192, 250, 314, 340, 531, 567, 651, 653, 656, 660

Rapport (SvTV2 news) 606

Rapunzle 260, 261

Rat Race (E Bernstein) 596

Ratcliffe Highway 336

Die rationellen und soziologischen Grundlagen der Musik 39

Ravel, Maurice 30, 495, 168, 204, 246, 247, 319, 564, 578

Rawhide 369, 372, 390, 391, 395

RCA 39

reactionary 423

Reader’s Digest 516

ready-steady-go 341, 376, 590

Reagan, Ronald 75, 420, 421

real circle-of-fifths 179

rebellion, rebellious[ness] 66, 132, 486, 618, 646, 674

receivers – ‘negotiated readings’ 87

reception test 106, 107–152

amusement factor 114

availability of recordings 108

background to 103–106

classification of VVAs 123–131

classroom situation 118

discretising VVAs 122–123

duration of examples 118

examples used 107, 795

selection criteria 107–115

free induction 119–121

immediacy of reaction 118

information to respondents 117–118

interpreting results 121–152

musematic hunches 114–115

no time to think 118

number of respondents 115, 147

order of playing 111–115

pre-test hypotheses 111–112

procedure 117, 121

publication details 107, 795

reasons for 103

respondents 115–117, 796

numbering of 117

session data 116

--> statistics

synaesthesia 119–121

receptional 28, 94

competence 9, 10, 11, 28, 91, 678, 809

descriptors 91, 809

need and construction of 91

problems of 91, 95

recidivism 660

recognition of test pieces 110, 112, 120, 128, 129, 150, 414, 513

non-designated 513, 515, 516

recomposition 98, 142

Recorded Music for Radio, Film and Television 100, 126, 224

recorder (flauto diritto) 371, 378

recording 169 -- See also sound processing

acoustic 35

electromagnetic 39, 40

ethnomusicology’s use of 38

history of 7

technology 36

recruit[-s/-ing] (war) 410, 416, 419

The Red Pony (Copland) 536

Red Square (Moscow) 62

redneck[s] 274, 296, 422, 423

reductionism 74, 79

of body to sexuality 71

woman and body 71

refinement 132

reflection, reflective 132, 430, 459, 463, 518, 530, 672, 673

reform (social, UK postwar) 421

regions 413

register (pitch) -- See also bass -- See also direction ( /ascend /descend) -- See also timbre 179, 195, 196, 226, 229, 231, 234, 235, 237, 247, 296, 297, 300, 392, 443, 451, 458, 491, 551, 568, 574, 589, 596, 599, 625, 645, 656, 659

ambitus 201, 225, 243, 315, 327, 452

accompanimental 589

body placement 576-7 -- See also Øvocal

disjunctive flooding 225-231

high 100,169, 300, 243, 496, 588–590, 644, 651, 652, 659

‘lonesome sound’ 473

treble (incl. treble boost) 653

low 210, 247, 249, 300, 305, 380-2, 446, 554, 557, 563-4, 569, 574, 576 ff, 590, 594, 599, 600, 651-2, 656, 660, 661, 664 -- See also bass

backing tracks 658

bass riff 590–595

doom[sday] 305, 554-5, 651, 660, 664

drone, menace tone 661

sforzando sfp 651

ostinati, narrow 246

tremolandi/ostinati 246, 247

melodic 220

mid[dle]170, 221, 234-7, 239, 295, 414, 464, 563, 564, 656

pitch range 169, 515 -- See also ¦ambitus

registral

boundary 442, 452

ceiling 450, 452

change 443, 444, 451

consistency 447, 450

discontinuity 229

transfer (RT) 451

tessitura 622, 623

high and low for action

music 496

vocal 217, 223, 351, 352

baritone 223

chest 247

falsetto 648

head register 247

male-voice 223

Regnava nel silenzio 443

regression, regressive 76

regular[ity] 101, 132

reification 24, 75

Reisberg, Horace 534, 535

reiteration --> repetition

rejection 133

rejects 464

relative autonomy 90

relative major --> harmony

relaxation, relaxed 132, 217, 218, 239, 268, 270

release, relief 217, 220

religion, religious, religiosity 175-179, 419, 517

Rembrandt van Rijn 266

remember, reminisce 460, 674

Remington Steele 676

remote --> solitary

Renaissance 419

Renoir, Auguste 259, 260, 264

REO Speedwagon 108

repas d’amour --> food, love

repertoire

concerts in C19 France 19

pop and classical (canonic) 59

repetition[s], repetitive 623, 654

low-register notes 656

reiteration[s], reiterated notes 330, 375, 383, 389, 450, 563, 564, 565

fast 316, 317, 319, 622-3

rate of 622

synthesiser jq 645, 655–6

repeated figures 453, 456, 457, 462, 574, 576, 522

sequential 453

travel music and 656

The Reporters (TV) 493

repression – sexual 64, 70

Repton/Repton (Parry) 210, 218, 220, 222, 223

The Republic (Plato) 47

repulsion 461

Repulsion (film) 133

Requiem (Mozart) 318

res cogitans vs res extensa 27

La resa dei conti 346, 652

resignation 217

resistance 85, 86

resolute 604

Respighi, Ottorino 246, 247

respondents 115–116, 796

children 141

control groups of 141–142

blind 141

Latin American 141, 334

loquacious or taciturn 143

number[s]

assigning of 117

of participants 115, 147

R98 122, 143

relation to salsa and son 334

verbose or reticent 144

who were they? 115-117, 141

response restrictions 55, 56

responses --> VVAs

rest[ful] 171, 530

restraint --> control

Reti, Rudolf 387

retro --> fashion, rock

retroessive 134

retrograde --> direction /backward

The Return of Perry Mason 592

Revaux & François 196

reveille function (title music) 110

revenge 329

reverberation --> sound processing

Revlon 649, 650, 651

revolution

bourgeois 16, 18, 22

French 22

Revolver (Beatles) 335

Revueltas, Silvestre 338

Reynolds, Debbie 596

Reynolds, Simon 65, 67–8, 70, 77, 104

Rhapsody in Blue 578, 597

Rhapsody on a Theme by Paganini 199, 211, 269

Das Rheingold 261

rhetoric (musical) 17, 47

Rhetoric (Aristotle) 27

rhythm 63, 655 -- See also metre -- See also direction

bass 624

cross 343, 532 -- See also metre

fandango rhythm 336–341

‘guitar’ 659

harmonic 214–5, 608-9

language (Spanish, English, Scottish) 347–357

Miami Vice 654

Sayonara 532

section 647

none in Virginian 375

shuffle (blues) 564, 565, 627

subdivision of 4 semiquavers 654–5

surface 646

of torrents 291

rhythmic -- See also metre -- See also direction

action 376

attack 654

augmentation 664

continuity (R&J) 442

inflection 425

organisation 657

patterning 644

propulsion 622

symmetry 655

rhythm and blues 374

rich 100, 171, 430

and poor 25

Rich Man, Poor Man 196, 600

Richard, Sir Cliff 60, 62, 63

Richie Brockelman, P.I. 585

Richie, Lionel 457

Rickenbacker Model ‘A’ 373

Riddle, Nelson 570, 581, 582

Ride of theValkyrie --> Walkürenritt

Riders in the Sky --> Ghost Riders

Ridi Pagliacci (Leoncavallo) 596

ridiculous 419, 428

riding 122, 239, 245, 301, 331, 383, 385, 674

music for 291–307

scenicity 297–299

sexual meaning 293

vs chasing 299–302

Riemann, Hugo 387

Riemenschneider, Albert 184

Riesenfeld, Hugo 30

riff 63, 623, 624, 626-7, 630, 631, 663 -- See also ostinato

right to party 76

right-wing 423

rigidity 421

Rikskonserter 44

rim shot[s] --> drums /

Rimini 606

Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai 319, 338, 339, 347

ringing tones 660

ringmaster 418, 419

Rio Bravo (film) 304, 360, 371, 456

Rio Grande de Santiago 356

Ripping Yarns (TV) 223, 224

ripple[s], rippling 174, 231, 233, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 243, 246, 248, 249, 253, 261, 270, 535

Ritchie, Jean 326

The Rite of Spring 598

ritarndo, ritenuto --> slow

rivalry 392

river[s] 235–239, 256, 261, 382, 383, 535, 674 -- See also becks -- See also water

fluvial 134, 214, 382

rivulets 247

named rivers

Dee 255

Llyfni 233

Vltava 236, 320

road[s] 298, 382, 343, 382, 389, 485

Forty Miles of Bad Road 368

Hit the Road, Jack 629

on the 353

straight 301, 305

The Rocky Road to Dublin 310

Six Days On The Road 390

Roan County 352, 353, 355

Rob tu mo bhoile 345

robbery 133, 674

bike theft 623

break-in 623

burglary 567

robes --> clothes

Robin Hood 171

Rocco e i suoi fratelli 577

rock (music) 31, 103, 136, 376, 462, 617–632, 653, 663, 674

aesthetics 63, 73, 421, 423

as absolute music 631–632

band[s] 368, 372, 413, 618, 620, 621, 632

blues based 594

bodyism 70

cadence pandemonium 663

canon 61, 64–78, 272

Chuck Berry and early 368

concert 620, 652

criticism 64–78

death metal 424

education 66

emancipation 65

eroticism 71, 293

extreme metal 67

folk rock 322

frenetic picking norms 376

fun and speed connotations 368

hard rock 594, 653

harmony 662

hegemony 66

heavy metal 422–4, 430, 618, 653 (as loud 423)

history c 1960 372

Country origins 373–375

roots mythology 375

importance postwar 85

invasive quality 70

jazz rock 206

journalism 80

Krautrock 320

minor-key 620

modality 310, 313, 620

motorbikes 293

nu-metal 424

performance (rock music) 621

pomo-rockology 66–69, 70, 73–78, 89, 808

pomp metal 422, 424

radicalism 65, 421

retro-rock 663

rock nacional 335

rockers 619, 657

rocking 248, 249, 250, 252, 255

rockology 59–78, 809

stars 619

subcultures 109

‘subversive underdog’ 65-7, 84, 85, 421

tunes in test battery 375

vinyl era 108

Virginian VVAs 375, 377

volume 70, 71

vs. disco 622

youth-cars-crime 622-624

Rock Around The Clock 64, 108

Rock 'n' Roll Hoochie-Coo 653

Rock The Night (Europe) 424

Rockford 585

Rockwell, Norman 536

Rocky Road to Dublin 310

Rocle, Claude 30

Rodgers, Jimmie 353, 373

Rodgers, Richard 213

Rodrigo, Joaquin 367, 371

Roe, Keith 149

Rogers, Roy 295

Roget’s Thesaurus 416

Roland, Jürgen 582

Roll Over Beethoven 21

roller-coaster emotions 220

rolling 134, 196, 214, 254, 257

countryside 218, 515

hills 172

Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock’n’Roll 374

Rolling Stone magazine 42

Rolling Stones 72, 630, 662

Rolling Thunder Review 658

romance/romantic 99, 100, 104, 122, 130, 132, 145, 167, 170-2, 177, 207, 208, 215, 218, 220, 224, 231–249, 251, 253, 256, 260, 261, 262, 264, 265, 268, 269, 270, 388, 430, 459, 500, 518

lack of in Emmerdale 515

piano arpeggios 171–172

string pads 170–171

The Romantic Piano 518

romanticism 195, 309

English 211, 215, 221–225

English musical 221

ethnic, national 327

school of German 15

Romeo & Juliet (Rota, ‘R&J’, Tune 4) 101, 102, 107, 111, 112, 114, 129, 130, 147, 148, 149, 150, 167, 169, 171, 248, 190, 317, 386, 218, 254, 269, 296, 330, 442–474, 515, 516, 557, 558, 559, 560, 561, 569, 572, 597, 514, 604, 632, 666, 667, 668, 669, 670

Romeo & Juliet (Tchaikovsky) 470

Roméo et Juliette (Berlioz) 246, 313, 471

Romero, George 581

Romero, Venturo 356

Rommel 416

Rondo fürs Fortepiano 20

Roos, Jaime 335

Roosevelt, Franklin D 40, 579

roots mythology of rock 375

Rose, David 359, 598

Rosen, Charles 11, 14, 15, 18, 19

Rosenman, Leonard 14

Rösing, Helmut 56, 99, 106, 172, 235

Ross, Gary 64

Rossi, Portia de 263

Rossini, Gioacchino 31, 293, 295, 296, 377

Rota, Nino 171, 201, 203, 432, 442, 444, 446, 447, 450, 451, 452, 456, 465, 466, 467, 468, 470, 471, 577

Roth, David Lee 424

Rothenbuhler, Eric 44

rough 133

rounded 250

rousing 420

Rousseau, Henri 18, 25

Roxy and Elsewhere 585

royal 409, 413, 424, 430

household 62

Jubilee 416

Wedding 416, 417, 675

-- See also monarchy -- See also king -- See also queen -- See also dignitaries, etc.

Rózsa, Miklós 30, 49, 171, 198, 589

rubato 169, 432-3

Rubinstein, Arthur B 600

Rudolf… Red-Nosed Reindeer 589

Rugero y las Paradetas 341

rugged 198

Ruhr Valley Impressions 586, 600, 829

Rukeyser, Louis 491, 854

Rule Britannia 323, 324

rules from exceptions 54

Rumania 564

Christmas Carols 311

rumble 115

The Rumble 372, 395

Run to Cadence CDs 425

Run To Her 424

Run, Run, Run 600

Runaway 396

Rundgren, Todd 531

running 136, 138, 244, 425

rural[ity] 115, 195, 224, 261, 262, 458, 459, 514, 516, 517, 518, 530–537, 621, 674

vs urban 115, 196, 231, 251, 298–299, 391–394, 461, 671

rush hour 496

Russell, H 306, 307

Russia[n] 322, 459, 466-474, 674

minor modes, b7ths 322

Revolution 40

Russian-US couples 466, 468-9

Russkiye narodnye liricheskiye pesni 322

rustic 229, 377

Rustic Bridge 235

rustling 172, 235, 241, 246, 248, 249, 261

Ruth & Sohn, A 496

Ruwet, Nicolas 53, 271

S

Sabre Dance 470

Sachs, Kurt 36

sad[ness] 104, 133, 186, 196, 197, 220, 224, 319, 380, 381, 446, 449, 459, 453, 456, 460, 461, 472, 473, 517, 576, 577, 579, 674, 675

minor modes 310–329

‘not called-for’ category 313

Sad Eyed Lady… 218

saddle 351

The Saddlemen 375

Sadie Thompson 596, 597, 598

sadism at ‘public’ school 223

Sadler, Staff Sgt Barry 423

Safroni, Arnold 411

sailing 131, 238, 240, 248, 249, 270, 303, 305, 307, 515, 518, 674

sailor[s] 307, 429

songs 306–310, 391

The Saint 494

Saint-Foix, Georges 186

St. Louis Cardinals 330

St. Patrick’s Hymn 345

St. Petersburg 29

Saint-Saëns, Camille 30, 516

Sakomoto, Ryuchi 600

Salford 104

salon --> parlour

A Salty Dog 196

El Salvador 420

Salvation Army 410, 412

Salvatori, Dario 370

Sam Spade 677

SÄMUS 46

San Fernando 352, 353

Sanama, Leo 20, 103

‘Sanctuary of the Higher Arts’ 28

sand[y] 239 (beach)

clouds of sand 386

Sanguéo 342

Santa Fe 355

Santy Anno 310, 328, 345, 346

Sanz,Gaspar 341

São Paulo State Conservatory 117

Sarde, Philippe 197

sartorial --> clothes --> fashion

Satie, Erik 30, 248

satin 171

Satisfaction (Stones) 72, 73

Saturday --> holiday

Saussure, Ferdinand de 47, 296,496, 497, 555, 562, 563 596, 597

Savage, Jon 67

Savalas, Telly 5, 587

saw --> orchestration

saxophone --> orchestration

Sayers, Dorothy 581

Sayonara (Tune 7) 107, 115, 129, 141, 147, 148, 149, 150, 317, 382, 460, 463, 486, 514, 515, 516, 530–537, 557, 558, 560, 561, 597, 604, 632, 666, 667, 668, 669, 670, 675

children 251

digressiveness 559–560

parallel fifths 560

Scandinavia 350

Scarlatti, Domenico 337, 339

scary --> fear

scatological 413

scene, etc. 674

musical scenario 125

scenery 298, 305, 382, 387, 388

panoramic 672

scenic majesty 386

‘scenic’ music 298

scene switching 387–390

scenicity: riding 297–299

test response scenarios 120

Scène aux champs 380, 517

Schelomo 446

scheming woman 584

Schenker, Heinrich 387

analysis à la 82, 230, 450, 451

Schiedermayr, Ludwig 48

Schifrin, Lalo 378

Schilder, Arnold 22

Schillerska gymnasiet 116, 796

schizophrenic 105

Schlager 23

Schmidt, Hans-Christian 30, 124, 177, 582, 589, 594

Schmitz, Arnold 16

Schober, Franz von 25

Schönberg, A rnold 29, 30, 239, 535

Schöne Müllerin 99, 213, 234, 236

school 620

schooner 240

Schopenhauer, Arthur 21, 25

Schubert, Franz 25, 31, 99, 188, 189, 212, 213, 220, 236, 317, 318, 319, 321, 446

minor-key Lieder list 318

Schulman, Jannike 65

Schumann, Robert 16, 31, 171, 178, 218, 268

scientists 603

scopocentrism 81, 83, 809

Scoremaster --> library music

Scotland/Scottish -- See also UK

Burns, Robert 345-349

country dancing 349

‘Scotch snaps’ 347-357

Trad. 345, 354, 531, 532

Scott, John 589

Scott, John Anthony 310, 390

Scott, Nathan 445

Scott, Tom 553, 624, 648, 676

Scouse 809 -- See also Liverpool

Scowcroft, Philip 581

scraping 100

scream[ing] 100, 224, 423

screeching 576

scribal academe 105

Scrooge, Ebenezer 430

Scruggs, Earl 353

sea 139, 214, 235, 239–240, 246, 249, 256, 674

pelagic 134

songs and shanties 306–310

and US work songs 325

British origins of US 324

search 387

Searle, John 483

season[s] 671, 672, 674

spring[time] 265, 674

summer 136, 167, 238, 240, 244, 245, 247, 249, 265, 674

secluded [spot]: --> solitary

second --> chords/intervals

secondary

dominant --> chord /dominant

signification --> semiotics

secret[s] 605 -- See also hidden

secret agent --> spy

weapon 602

secur/-e/-ity 132, 177, 239, 430, 518

seduce 199

seduction 130, 251, 264

seductive 130, 137

seedy 596

Seeger, Charles 23, 94

seguidillas 320, 336

Selbstbewusstsein 17

Selected Sounds --> library music

selection criteria --> reception test

self-confidence 585

self-reflexivity 620

Selznick, David O 174

semantic[s] --> semiotics / semantic

semiosis --> semiotics / semiosis

semiotics (mainly of music) 8, 47–57, 80, 103, 270–275 -- See also VVA

connotation 96-117 et passim

etymophony 180, 195, 205, 208, 274, 488–494, 666, 806

gestural interconversion 253–267, 270–275, 666

hermeneutics and 103

linguistics and 51, 52, 53

--> musematic analysis

‘perverse discipline’ (Eco) 52, 53

potential of 50–51

popular music and 54–55

pragmatics 50, 51, 52, 53, 54

primacy of sign types in 52-3

‘primary’ and ‘secondary’ signification’, 72, 270–275

semantic[s] 50, 51-4, 56

fields 125, 131

gesture 273

jumble 97, 419, 423, 425, 426, 430, 518

semiosis (examples)

detectives and spies 367

Monty Python 409-12

sign typology 99–103, 666

Semiotica 51

semiquavers 622, 645, 660

subdivisions 654 ff.

dancing 392

quickening device 391

synthesizer reiteration 655–6

train effect 656

-- See also rhythm -- See also speed -- See also sextuplets

semitone --> chords/intervals

Semmler, Alexander 171

‘sensationalist’ 487

sensitive 130, 137

sensual[ity] 130, 132, 251, 264, 265 -- See also sexuality 265

sentimental[ity] 132, 218, 224, 226, 268, 459, 674

sequencing 7

sequential --> harmony --> repetition

Sérénade (Sokolowski, ex) 250

Sergeant Pepper 36, 61, 413

serialism 31, 370

serious[ness] 132, 199, 423, 430

emotions 179

reception test problem 118

setbacks (VVA) --> difficulty

settlement (town) 391, 392

Seven (film) 199

Seven Year Itch (film) 199

seventh[s] --> chords/intervals

The Seventh Seal (film) 429

seventies --> historical

7-Up 469

severe 308, 419

sex/-ual[-ity], etc. 72, 135, 251, 264, 413, 457, 581, 585, 590, 592, 596–598, 664

abuse 250-1, 457

act 72

can-can and the galop 293

compared to sensual 265

eroticism 71

incestual taboo 250-1

repression 64, 70

revolution 43

rock and motorbikes 293

sexism --> gender

‘sexy’ 263

sextuplets 171, 174, 246, 249

sforzando 101, 651, 652

The Shadows 336, 358, 361, 368–373, 395, 625

shady 133, 459, 464, 572

Shaft 330, 496, 498, 653

urgency cue 487

Shaindlin, Jack 624

Shakespeare, William 177, 675

Shall I Be An Angel? 213, 218, 220

shame 183, 380

shampoo 136, 245, 263-5

Shane 291, 325, 394

Shangri-La 328

Shannon, Del 396

Shape magazine 263

shape-note singing 324

Shapiro, Helen 368

Sharma, Bhesham 21

Sharp, Cecil 323, 326

sharpness 101, 133

shatter 134

She Loves You (Beatles) 179

She Works Hard For The Money (Donna Summers, 1983) 653

Shelton, Robert 374

Shepherd, John 14, 72, 272

shepherds 101, 533

The Shepherds’ Farewell 517

sheriff 605

shimmering 246–9, 300

Shindig (Shadows) 372

The Shining 14

ships 240 -- See also boats

shivers down the spine 249

shock (mild) 648

shock (pleasant) 648

Shoestring (TV, Fenton) 624

shoot[ing] 134, 393, 648, 674

‘bang’ vs ‘peeew’ 648

shore[line] 239–40, 249, 253, 256

littoral 134 -- See also beach

Shores, Richard 376, 378

short-motive eponym 385

Shostakovich, Dmitri 30

show (TV, etc.) 429

jumping 415

‘the show must go on’ 415

showing off 329

showy 424

showdown 371, 569

shower scene (Psycho) 100

‘shucks, Ma’am!’ 378

shuffle --> rhythm

shuttle (a.k.a. chord shuttle, harmonic pendulum, etc.) 214

I<->vi 345

I<->bVII 358

shyness 536

Sibelius, Jean 320

Sicily 319, 329

sick[ness] 133, 307, 459, 575, 576

sick humour 419

Sidney, Sid 445

Siegfried 192, 218

Idyll 174, 177, 195, 218, 220

Siena 49

sigh[-s/-ing] 181,218, 220, 224, 249, 269, 459

intervals 206, 217–231

commutation (HS) of 217

sixths 225, 453, 469,

sevenths 221

stiff-upper-lip sighs 221–225

sign --> semiotics

signal treatment --> sound processing

significance (statistical) 149

signified/signifier --> semiotics

Silberman, Alphons 13, 39

silence 177

silent film 30, 314, 567

music for 124

silk[y] 171, 265, 499

silly 346, 387, 419

Silver (Lone Ranger’s horse) 293

Silver Convention 488

‘silver strings’ 170

Simeon, Omer 597

Simon & Garfunkel 196

Simon, Paul 487

simple 132, 532 --> metre

Sinatra, Frank 196, 581

sincere 197

love melodies 299

sine wave tone 648

Sinfonia concertante Eb major 187

singable 424

singalong 424

Singer, Ron 414, 415

singing brakeman 353

singing cowboy 373

single-mindedness 594

sinister 418, 651

sinuous 379

Sioux Nation 326, 328

Sir see knighthood 60

siren (ambulance) 573

Sistrom, William 203

sitting 674

Six Days On The Road 390

6/4, 6/8 --> metre

Sixguns and Society 291, 392

Sixteen Tons 395

sixth[s] --> chords/intervals, -- See also sighing /intervals

sixties --> historical

The Skater’s Waltz 306

skating 305, 307

Skatsiteli Pekhory 322

Skelly, J P 235

Sketches of Spain (M Davis) 367

Skiles , Marlin 299, 300, 301, 302, 376, 377, 380, 381, 386, 388, 389, 391, 483, 485, 552, 559, 560, 581, 598, 622, 651, 653, 656, 660

skillingtryck 23

skin 260

Skinner, Frank 299, 381, 382, 386, 388, 391, 498, 552, 559, 580, 651, 652, 656, 662

skip to degree six 226–231

skipping 495

skirt[s] --> clothing

Skog, Inge 36, 37, 38, 268

skolekorps --> band /

Skrotbandet 338

sky 261

skyscraper 674

slavery 224

Slavonic Dances (Dvoøák)320

Sledge, Percy 68

sleeping 536

sleigh bells 589

slid/-e/-ing 131

semitone 573–577

slipping 131

slither 179

Slonimsky, Nikolai 536

Slovakia 320

slow 268, 515, 540-1

ballad 564, 565

motion 136, 224, 244, 268, 270

Sayonara 530

ritardando 102, 505

ritenuto 168

slowness as ugly 485

surface rate 462

tempo 462, 464, 535, 563–6, 604

slums 430, 569, 572, 579, 582, 674

Sly and the Family Stone 653

small 133, 530

town 413, 429, 674

Small, Michael 676, 677

smash 134, 569

Smells Like Teen Spirit 21

Smetana, Bedøich 31, 235-6, 320

smile[s] 224, 265

Smith, Bessie 585

smoke 623, 674

smoking 601, 605

smoky bars/clubs 569, 570, 579

smooth[ness] 133, 240, 249, 250, 253, 258, 265, 269

smuggling 133

snaking the voice 324

snap[s] 351, 352, 354

onbeat 355

‘Scotch’ 347–357

melodic 354

snappy 425

snare drum --> drum[s]

snob 430 -- See also class

snow[y] --> weather

So What (M Davis) 578

soaring 131, 652

sobbing 576

social -- See also class

involvement 620

order 672

problems 620

reality vs media fiction 620

rejects 617, 674

relativity of absolutism 632

science 60

space 673

statement 620

VVA (category 27) 137, 409

socialisation

’public’ school 222, 223

patterns of ( --> subjectivity) 23

sociality 133, 673

society in Westerns 365, 391–394,

sociolinguistics in VVA taxonomy 142

sociology 8, 10, 39-46

à l’américaine 43–44

empirical and/or critical 43–46

Socrates 47

soft 170, 247, 261, 385, 530

-core 122

optical filter 244

Sohlmans musiklexikon 38, 322, 350

soirees 233

Sokal, Alan 71

Sokolowski, Marian 250

solace 220, 222, 223

soldier[s] 380, 388, 409, 410, 429, 668

songs 307–310

soldier’s girl 675

Solidaritätslied 39

solit/-ary/-ude 302, 388, 391–2, 393–4

loneliness / lonely / lonesome

177, 224, 353, 354, 446, 449, 459, 460, 462, 463, 472, 577, 579, 585, 601, 674

alone 206

Einsamkeit 188, 189

lone wolf/wolves 464, 580

mandolin as expressive of 473

remote 388, 445

secluded spot 672, 674, 675

solitary figure 463

Solo digo compañeros 347

Solomon 246

Sölvesborgs musikkår 429

sombre 417, 442, 569

Someday My Prince Will Come 445

‘something for nothing’ 678

Sommermorgen an einem See 535

son

huapango 350

huasteco 350

jalisco 342

Mexican 336, 342

jarocho 342

sonata form 63, 659

Sonatine pour le piano (Ravel) 578

Song My massacre 423

Song of Norway (film) 203

Songs of Sea Labor 325

Songs That Will Live Forever 316

sonic anaphone --> anaphone /sonic

Sonneck Society 42

Sonner, R 40

sonogram[s] 99, 235

Sons of the Pioneers 395

sophisticat/-ed/-ion 171, 583, 598

harmonic 653

The Sorcerer’s Apprentice 591

sorrow[ful] 308-9, 379, 446, 449, 536

sostenuto pedal 516

sound 65, 115

The Sound of Music 262

The Sound of the City 621

sound processing -- See also guitar /electric

chorus 153, 637, 653, 659

digital 651

distortion/fuzz 100, 469, 621, 624, 652, 653 -- See also guitar

dry sound 651, 654

feedback 153, 608-9,

Lesley cabinet 153, 608-9

mono (old-style) 115

modulator wheel 653

overdrive (guitar) 424, 620

panning 153, 608

partials/harmonics 153, 652

phasing 153, 652

reverb 100, 153, 169, 170, 354, 634-7, 651, 659, 660, 664

spring 625

track separation of 651

rock aesthetic 63, 65

treble boost 653

sound recording 36

sounds stylised into music 125

Sounds of the Circus (CDs) 427

source music 125

The Source 95

Sousa, John Philip 97, 114, 294, 398, 409, 411, 413, 418, 420, 422, 425, 428 -- See also Liberty Bell -- See also Monty Python

South Africa 58

South America --> Latin America

South[ern] (USA) --> USA

Southern Library of Recorded Music 126

‘south of the border’ 355, 383

Soviet Union 40, 45, 428

Soyuz-Apollo 625

spa 123, 428

space (general) 518, 646, 650, 674 -- See also panorama

acoustic 660

polysemic VVA 138

spaciousness 652

space (cosmos) 151, 621, 624, 646

cosmic 530

drum 648

movies 649

ship 486

Spaceballs 5, 648

Spade, Sam 389

‘Spaghetti’ --> Western /Italian

Spain 298, 319, 320, 322, 323, 328-332, 341, 350, 367, 386

colonies 329, 355

minor modes 332–336

Naples 329, 341

Trad 334

Spanish 328

-American war 355

‘gals’ 309

guitar strum 341

language --> rhythm

Spanish Dances 340

sparkle 588

sparkling 170, 172, 235

eyes 410

sparsity 133

Spartacus 240

speakeasies --> bars

speakers 652

special agent --> deckare --> spy

special days 410 --> holiday

special profile statistics 151

spectacle 416, 424

spectacular 424, 427, 429

Spector, Phil 37

speech 417

speed (incl. fast, quick, rapid, velocity) 354, 382, 383, 392, 475–501, 617, 623, 654, 646, 656, 657, 660, 664, 674

accelerando 102, 541, 598–600

accelerated 300

allegro 398, 476

as TV normality 483–501

beauty/‘divinity’ of 484, 485

cuts (edits) 646

reiterative 646

vs power music 300

speeding 622

Speedy Gonzales 355, 356, 383

Spellbound 171, 198, 203

theramin motif 589

Spellbound Concerto 232

spider 329

spies --> spy

Spimm, J J 602

Spinal Tap 424

The Spinners 648

Spirale misterioso 589

split chord 168, 226

sponsoring 60

spoof 424

sport[s] 410-3, 415, 428, 624, 674

boxing 426

cars 486

ludic 426

marches 415, 426

music 554, 606

Sportnytt (SvTV) 487

Sports Report (BBC) 411, 412, 415, 416, 417

Sportsnight (Tune 5) 107, 114, 129, 137, 147, 148, 149, 150, 292, 296, 300, 301, 327, 375, 382, 388, 392, 410, 463, 472, 475–501, 553, 556, 572, 590, 598, 599, 606, 622, 623, 632, 644, 657, 666, 667, 669, 670

Spotnicks 368, 372

Sprague, Carl 295

spray 241, 246, 248

sprightly 392

spring[time] --> seasons

springdans 321

Springsteen, Bruce 61

spy/spies 135, 206, 366, 367, 377, 378, 430, 621, 624, 625, 626, 627, 628, 629, 630, 631, 674 -- See also deckare

female, US 469

secret or special agent 135, 366-367, 395, 572, 627

spy music 367, 373, 578, 586, 598–600, 602

The Spy who Came in… Cold 586

square (plaza) 428, 429

squinting 244

St Augustine 52

St James Infirmary 566, 570, 577, 578

St Patrick’s Hymn 345

St. Louis Blues 627

The Stabbing of Tom (A North) 600

stable 518

stabs 628

staccato 101, 169, 476

‘signals of information’ 487

as male trait 669

stadium 423, 424

stage show 424

Stagecoach (film) 171

Stahlnetz (German TV) 582

Stalin, Josef V 43, 62

stalking 594

Stalling, Carl 356, 575, 576, 577

Stamic, Karel (Carl Stamitz) 170

stammering 489

stampede 100

‘standard music’ 108, 142

standards

canons, insstitutions and 31

Stanford, Sir Charles V 60

Stanwyck, Barbara 171

Star Of The County Down 323

Star Trek 624

Star Wars 5, 21, 568, 648, 650, 676

Stardust (Carmichael) 268, 269

Starkey, Richard 60

Starsky & Hutch 554, 624, 648, 676

stasis --> static

state of flux 133

state power 60

state visit 416

static/stationary/stasis 132, 239, 514, 530, 672

bass 535

harmonic 591

limit of stasis 660

statistics/statistical 142-152, 297

average differences between test tunes 150, 682

clustering 147-149

correlation procedure 148

counting people or responses 143–144

deviation coefficient 150

deviation factor 151

gender VVAs 667–668, 674–675

hypotheses 147

lists of VVAs explained 151

mean differences 150

one-digit categories 120

per mille scaling 144–146

proportional scaling 144–147

reception test 143 ff.

reliability issues 119, 144

respondents per tune 147

scaling factors 147

special profile listings

explained 151

variation coefficients 151

VVA as base unit 143–144

VVA categories used 148

Steamboat Willie 496

Steck, Paul Albert 259-61

Steedman, Mark 103

steel guitar 353, 373, 375

Steele, Javetta 197

Steele, Tom (cult. studs.) 65, 80, 84

Steeleye Span 322, 323, 350

steep 604

Stefani, Gino 51, 56, 220, 258, 271

Steiner, Fred 578, 591

Steiner, Max 29, 30, 48, 171, 175, 187, 569

Steppenwolf 585

Steppes of Central Asia 321

stereotype/stereotypical 192, 193, 200, 204, 216, 302, 313, 315, 322, 323, 351, 355, 386, 461, 496, 531, 625 et passim

film noir 463-4

gangsters 571, 587, 604

postmodernism 73

Russia and Greece 466–474

the 10 title tunes as 119, 675-7

sterile 588

Stevens, George 291

Stevens, Mort 676

stiff upper lip 89, 196, 221–225

Stille amare, gia vi sento 446

stillness 100

Stilwell, Robynn 56, 89, 104

stimulating 132

Stjernqvist, Sonja 429, 809

stock market 493, 494

Stockfelt, Ola 15, 16, 18, 41, 42, 45, 85, 186, 233

Stockhausen, Karlheinz 30

Stockholm 116, 413, 796

Skansen 809

Skeppsbron 413, 809

Södra Latins gymnasium 116

Stoïanova, Ivanka 51

Stoller, Mike 628, 629, 630

Stone, Andrew 203

Stonehenge (Spinal Tap) 424

stop-time (in Bonanza) 377

Storace, Stephen 531, 532

Story of Three Loves 199

Strachan, Rob 61

strain 590, 604

strand (melody in R&J) 450, 451

Strange Lady In Town 395

Stranger In Town 396

Strangers in the Night 196

Strathclyde University 149

Stratocaster --> guitar /electric

Strauss, Johann 14, 102

Strauss, Richard 14, 235, 376, 377, 384, 443, 444, 452, 568

Stravinsky, Igor 30, 246, 471, 598

‘strawberry jam’ (Parry) 216

stream 233

street[s] 303, 492, 494, 500, 621, 623, 674

lamp 620

performer 429

-philosophising 601

-wise 583

A Streetcar Named Desire (Streetcar, Tune 8) 101, 102, 107, 111, 114, 115, 129, 130, 135, 147, 148, 149, 150, 153, 154, 180, 193, 240, 248, 269, 297, 367, 386, 390, 410, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 531, 539–605, 627, 632, 657, 667, 668, 675, 676

Streichenglorienschein 170

strength --> strong

stress 114, 220, 246, 319, 656, 674

Striche des Todes 443

strike (UK miners) 86

striking 60

string[s] 100, 156-7, 278-9, 391, 432-3, 470, 504-5, 516, 522, 540-1

carpet (stråktapet) 170, 261

cello[s] 195, 432-3

halo 170

high pitch 589

muted 115, 522

pizzicato 467

‘silver’ 170

slow 530

sul ponte 589

pad[s] 100, 170-1, 222, 223, 515

padding 270

trills 300

string writing 195

stripper 597

The Stripper (Rose) 566, 598

stroking 131

strolling 167, 173, 196, 247, 270

Ström, Pierre 348

strong, strength 133, 670, 673, 675

feelings 382, 383

-willed 676

structural chromaticism 209

structuralism 672

structure[s] (musical) 153, 154

definition 94–95

struggle[s] 300, 569, 651

strum --> guitar

Strunk, Oliver 312

strut 100

Studio 54 606

Stumpf, Otto 36

stupid 133

Sturm und Drang 11, 20, 47

stuttering 489

style 809 -- See also genre

style indicator 99, 102, 462, 517

stylisation 99, 100

stylishness --> fashion

suave --> fashion

subcultur/-e/-al 42, 554, 65, 68, 82, 85, 87, 109, 421, 423, 424, 430, 430, 570–573, 672

underdog 65-7, 84, 85, 421

subdominant[al] --> chords, harmony

subessive 134

subject/object conflation 76

subjective 16, 17, 23, 26, 27, 28

subjectivism 27

subjectivity 26, 60, 75, 76

bourgeois 8, 17, 23, 26, 29

capitalist 23

C18 Germany 11

sublime 60

submediant --> chords/intervals

suburb (förort) 809

subversion/subversive 84, 85, 421

of the self 67

rock 65, 421

underdog 66, 67, 75, 76, 87, 421

success 390, 393

suffering 577, 646

sufrir 361

suicide 182, 568, 592, 596

suitors 232

sul ponte 589

summer --> seasons

Summer Morning by a Lake 239

Summer, Donna 650, 653

Summers, Andy 653

Summertime (Gershwin) 571, 579

sun --> weather

Sunday --> holiday

Sunday Afternoon (Copland) 536

Gloomy Sunday 596

sunglasses 571

Sunshine of Your Love 586

superessive 134, 139

superficiality 75

superior 60

Superman 377, 588, 676

supermarket 423, 471

psychology 41

Suppé, Franz von 294, 412

supple 258

suprasocial 19

Sur un vaisseau (Satie) 248

surf music 368, 376

surface rate 483–487, 514, 622, 623, 809 -- See also tempo

male and female 669

Olwen arpeggios 247

repetition patterns for cars and chases 623

reiterations (repeated note) 623

slow 462

tremolandi/ostinati 247

surface rhythm 646

Surfaris 368

Surfin’ Safari 368

surfing 368

surging 134, 249, 393

surprise (pleasant) 648

surrealist 418

Surrey with the Fringe on Top 295

sus4 --> chords / suspended

suspense 127, 627

suspension --> chords /

suspicion 133, 461, 569, 589, 590

Svegliate e uccidi (Morricone) 586

Svenska Dagbladet 678

Sveriges magasin (TV) 429, 809

The Swan (St-Saaens) 516

Swander, Don 374

swarm 100

sway[ing] 240, 244, 246, 249, 252, 253, 261, 270

skirts 391

sweat 569, 577, 590, 597

Sweden/Swedish 45, 311, 413, 429, 620, 621, 624 -- See also Göteborg -- See also Stockholm

Concert Agency 44

Helsjöns folkhögskola 116, 796

meadows (ängar) 241–246

music education 44–46

Skurup folkhögskola 116, 796

Stommenskolan (Kinna) 116, 796

traditional music from 310

TV 296, 356, 513

Sweelinck, Jan Pieterzoon 19

Sweet Adeline 209

Sweet Home Alabama 345

Sweet Little Sixteen 368

swell 169, 239, 246, 248, 252

Swimming Association 410, 412, 413, 415

‘swing it!’ 500

Swingle Singers 606

swirl[ing] 102, 261, 386

switch to --> scene (switch)

swooning/swoons 220, 224, 225, 226, 231, 269

sword dancer 328

syllogism (geo-instrumental) 469 -- See also transscansion -- See also geocultural

sylvan --> woods

symbiosis (psychotic) 76

symbolic dislocation 414

symmetry 664, 655

symphonic 422

Symphonie fantastique 29, 380, 517

Symphony #40 in G minor 186

symphony orchestra 264

synaesthe/-sia/-sis/-tic 14, 14, 104, 119–121, 170, 190

library music descriptions 127

sync[chronisation]

music and image 419

syncopation --> metre

syndrums 648, 649, 650

synecdoche --> genre synecdoche

synoptic time --> time

syntax 51, 52, 54, , 55, 56

harmonic 568

synthesiser 127, 518, 621, 622, 634-637, 645, 646, 648, 649, 650, 651, 652, 653, 654, 654–7, 659, 660

semiquaver reiteration 655–6

string pad nomenclature 170

synthetic 648, 649

syrupy 224, 469, 674

Szathmary, I 626

T

T for Texas 353

tabulature --> guitar

taciturnity 143

tactile, tactility, haptic 100, 249, 250, 252, 253, 260, 261, 266, 270

--> anaphone

Tagg, Philip 3, 5, 24, 37, 38, 40, 43, 44, 45, 54, 55, 57, 59, 63, 64, 65, 67, 68, 71, 73, 74, 81, 82, 91, 104, 110, 114, 116, 170, 246, 247, 269, 272, 274, 300, 320, 341, 376, 388, 487, 492, 585, 590, 600, 606, 628

Tagg, Maria 18, 576

Tagg, Stephen 149

tails --> clothing

Take the Money and Run 583, 600

Talbot, Michael 11

Tallis’ Canon 176, 214

Tamlyn, Garry 71, 72, 89, 104

Tampax 553

tanbur 467

tape edit 660

tarantella 319, 329, 467

Tarantino, Quentin 581

Taranto (and tarantula) 329

Tarasti, Eero 51, 53, 56, 625, 628

Tarzan 195

Tatuí (Brazil)116, 117, 796

tavern 392

Taviani brothers 14

Taxi Driver 464, 553

taxi scene 575-576

taxonomy --> VVAs

Taylor, L 292

Taylorism 40

Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich 31, 171, 175, 177, 198, 199, 206, 208, 212, 218, 220, 232, 315, 470, 516

teaching 105

tears 224, 459, 469, 574

tear-jerker 4

techno music 425, 606

technology 8, 518, 621, 646

democratic potential of 679

Teddy Bears’ Picnic 411, 412

teenager[s] 368, 377, 464, 620, 621

teen twang 375

Virginian’s lack of 375

Telegram (Silver Convention) 488

telegraph/-ic/-y --> teletype

Téléljournal (TF1) 488

teleprinter --> teletype (saves space)

teletype (incl. teleprinter[s], etc.) -- See also news music -- See also busy -- See also urgent 114, 292, 341, 388, 489, 490, 554, 598, 606, 644, 655

anaphone, etymophony 487–94

printers (daisy-wheel, golf-ball, matrix dot, etc.) 489

telegraph[ic] 487–494

Morse code 300, 487, 598, 644

television --> TV (saves space)

Tell Me True Love (Dowland) 455

Telson, Bob 197

tempo 168, 514, 517 -- See also surface rate

fast 411, 412, 416

fast for action 483–487

male and female 669

marching, running 425

metronomic regularity 646-7

slow 417, 462, 464, 530

easy tempo 517

tap tempo 169

10cc 593

The Ten Commandments (film) 429

tender[ness] 130, 132, 251, 270

The Tender Land (Copland) 536

Tennessee 353

Folklore Society Bulletin 374, 812

Tennyson, Alfred 174, 179

tense, tension 133, 135, 137, 217, 220, 389, 569, 572, 581, 590, 592, 594, 595

tenuto 168

Tequila 336, 361

termination 660

Territorial Army 429

terror 319

terrorism 6, 486, 623

tertial --> harmony

tessitura --> register /

test --> reception test 107

Il testamento (cue 1900) 456

Teupen, Johnny 600, 829

Tevis, Peter 370

Texas 301, 324, 341, 355, 359, 373

Country and Western 373

oil boom 374

Texas Gales 345

text and context 68–79

textual metadiscourse

--> metatextual discourse 59

texture 659–661

reduction of 660

sonic 100

Thalben-Ball, George 196, 221-3

Thatcher, Margaret 75, 421

Thatcherism 63, 86

theatre 500

Themes Like Old Times 293, 316

Theodorakis, Mikis 467

theramin 589

there[s]-and-then[s] 327–330, 391

thick 100

thickening 170

Thiel, Wolfgang 30

‘thinking sucks’ 430

Third Man, The 373

third[s] --> chords/intervals

This Is Hardcore (Pulp) 464

‘This is how it is here and now; how things are; how we live 519

This Week with David Brinkley 491

Thomas, David 491, 552

Thomas, Peter 464

Thompson, E P 85

Thompson, Richard 323

Thompson, Sadie 596, 676

Thompson, Virgil 30

Thornbury (hymn tune) 221

thoroughfares 413

thoughtful 677

threat[-en[/-ing/-ed]] --> danger

Three Pieces in New England 238, 535

The Three-Cornered Hat (Falla) 320

threnody 371

thriller 127, 135, 136, 206, 368, 372, 395, 573, 590, 598, 599, 674

thrills 594

through 134, 303

thrust[ing] 71, 594

thud 648

thunder 99

ticker tape 493

tickling 249

tidiness 421

Tieck, Ludwig 15, 21, 25, 76, 271

tierce de Picardie --> chords

tight[ness] 133, 604

timbales 468, 634-7, 645, 647, 648, 649, 651, 652, 654, 659, 660

timbre, timbral 36, 45, 52, 63, 197, 239, 272, 295–296, 297, 342, 334, 367, 369, 370, 373, 376, 377-83, 451, 462, 469, 471, 494, 495, 498, 559, 573, 581, 589, 644-6, 548, 649, 652-5, 657, 658, 659–661, 664

Morricone 370

Sportsnight 495

use of in Westerns 378

vocal 264, 323

time

future 66, 390, 391

episodic 101, 125, 128, 130-1, 134, 139, 154, 551–562, 654, 666

retrospective VVAs 604

of day 671 -- See also weather -- See also day

afternoon 247

evening 220, 443, 674

morning 224, 247

--> night

sunrise 139, 239, 248, 674

sunset 136, 197, 238-9, 248,

long time 604

past time -- See also historical

slower than present 484

present -- See also historical

faster than past 484

synoptic time 130, 154, 460, 551–562, 666

temporal loophole 371

time line (West African) 94

Timothei™ shampoo 136, 245, 264

timpani 278-9, 300, 541

Tin Pan Alley 231

tingling 249, 251, 252, 261

Tiomkin, Dimitri 29, 30, 351, 360, 369, 371, 390, 395, 456, 724

Tippett, Sir Michael 60, 63

tiring 623

titillation 249, 251, 252

harp sweep 386–387

title 29

title music

criterion of reception test

inclusion 110

functions of 513

internal musical coherence 110

title sequences 110

Emmerdale 515

Monty Python 418, 420, 422

To Music --> An die Musik 25

toast 224

Tobler, John 37

Toccata and Fugue in D minor 120

Toch, Ernst 495

Tod, das ist die kühle Nacht 446

toil 577, 601

Tolomeo (Handel) 446

Tom Dooley 354, 355

tom-toms --> drum[s]

tonal[ity] -- See also harmony -- See also modes --> harmony /circle-of-fifths /tonal

idiom 516

male and female 670

polarity tonal/modal 305, 330

Morricone’s view of 371

non-dominantal 372

pandiatonicism 536

Tonight 240, 268

Tono de Velorio de Cruz 333

Toop, David 67

toothpaste adverts 589

Top Gun 4

Topgraphia Hibernica 35

toreador 320

El toro rabón 361

El toro solo 336

torrent[s] 383, 386

of feelings 65

Torres, Francesco 485, 489

tortuous 464, 589

tortured 185

tough[ness] 132, 135, 346, 459, 460-1, 580, 604, 624, 674

tuff[t] 331, 617, 621, 810

‘tuff’ 346

Toulouse 258

tourism 329, 467 -- See also --> holiday

minor modes and 327–330

towards 297 -- See also direction

polysemic VVA 139

town[s] 394, 413, 428, 459, 536

arrival in 382, 393

arriving or leaving 393

small 298, 389, 392, 394

square 409, 413

vs country 391–394

-- See also rural -- See also urban -- See also city

townsfolk (female) 394

Toynbee, Jason 89

toys 494, 495, 498

track separation 651

tracking a fugitive or victim 567

Trad. jazz --> jazz

Trades Description Act, 56, 58

traffic 494, 496, 600, 674, 829

Traffic (band) 323

tragedy, tragic 133, 184, 187, 218, 224, 446, 449, 452, 457, 459, 460, 461, 462, 596, 674

ballads 309

in soldier, sailor, cowboy songs 307–310

The Tragic Romance 353

train[s] 352, 383, 393, 605 -- See also rail

effect 656

whistle 353

Train Whistle Blues 353

trample[-d/-ing] 418, 419

tranquil --> calm

transcendental 530

transcription

inaccurate sheet music 457

process in this book 152–153

transferential 134, 672

transients --> partials

transitional 134, 139

theme (Westerns) 393

transmodality 140

transparency (of timbre) 653, 659

transscansion 212, 385, 487, 586, 809-810 -- See also rhythm /language

Träumerei 268

travel[ling] 297, 302, 321, 382–385

agency 329

ballads 352

travelogue 328

nature 382–385

Travelling Wilburys 228, 229

traversal 295, 303, 305 -- See also over/across

La Traviata 207

Travis, Merle 395

Travis, Nick 596

Tre Donne (Morricone) 197, 456

treble --> register /high /treble

tree[s] 172, 240, 241–6, 266, 535, 536 -- See also woods

elm 257

palms 239

willow 261

trembling 246

tremolo/tremolando 466, 467, 469, 471, 472

tremolando 246–249, 473

tremolo 170, 207, 300

Tremoloes (B Poole and The) 472

tremulous 246, 461

trenchcoat --> clothing

trendy object 552, 647, 649, 650

Trent, Philip 581

triad --> chords

trickling water 383, 388, 389, 393

Trigger (the horse) 295

trill[s] 398, 609, 628 -- See also strings

triplet[s] 171, 516, 518

Tristan & Isolde 189

chord 189, 191

Triste vida e do marujo 333

trisyllabic 347

trite 387

tritone --> chords /intervals

substitution --> harmony

The Triumph of Vulgarity 585

triumphal 319

Trivialmusik 21

Trocknet nicht (Franz) 446

La tromba e la sua notte 587

trombone --> orchestration

troops 97, 423, 428

trotting 304

trouble 182, 196, 459, 567, 572

‘troublesome appendage’ 79

truck driving 390

trumpet --> orchestration

trust 133, 430

Tsarens kurir (Polish TV) 810

La Tuba (Montevideo) 335

Tubb, Ernest 295, 373, 374

tubular bells 370, 413

Tubular Bells (Oldfield) 414

tuff[t] --> tough

tumescent 134

Turina, Joaquín 367

Turku 64

turnaround 630, 810 -- See also matrix

Guantanamera/La bamba 344

Turner, Michael B 213

tutti 628, 630, 631

improvisation (cadential) 663

‘tutti community’ 392

tuxedo 499

TV/television 7, 150, 420, 428, 475–501, 626 -- See also advertising -- See also news -- See also [name of production]

network 649

--> news

police shows (TV) 459, 624, 659

production[s] 515, 621

programme 621

proportion of music on 7, 10

public service TV 660-1

series 620, 621, 623

stations/companies

ABC 490, 491, 624, 647

BBC 409, 580

CBS 341, 388

Channel Four 75

Italian (RAI) 370, 371

Maryland Public 491, 493

MTV 313

NBC 39

Sky Satellite Network 606

SvTV 296, 356,487, 513

TF1 488

TV Cinq 651

Yorkshire 513

TV-Nytt (SvTV) 487

twang[y] (guitar) 367, 370, 373, 375, 379, 380, 395, 396, 653

Southern boogie 658

spies 367

twelve-eight (12/8) --> metre

The Twilight Zone 576

Twist andShout 472

Two Hearts 424

Tyler, Steve 464

Tyner, McCoy 578

The Typewriter, The 496

typology of musical signs 99–103

U

Über den Fetischcharakter in der Musik (Adorno) 41

Al ’ud 467

ugly/ugliness 133, 461, 646

The Ugly Rumours 62

UK (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) 413-417, 421

Britain/British 38, 62-3, 66, 84, 176, 428, 429, 459, 674

ballads 355

Empire 63, 223

infl. on cowboy song 324 ff.

isolation of music tradition in Appalachians 324

low score Virginian 322

Movietone News 416, 417

nationalism 61

cultural studies 65, 80-84

England/English 224

Englishness 176, 195, 211, 215, 221–225

Hollywood music for 323

horn --> orchestrat. /cor angl.

nat. mus. identity 322-4

romanticism 221

stereotyped as ‘old’ 429

stiff upper lip 89, 196, 221–5

Trad. 391

films late 1940s 195-6, 199-202

flag (Union Jack) 223

managerialist scourge in 19, 31

media product made in 515

media representation of power c1935-c1968 416–418

--> modality

news music on TV 488, 496, 606

proportion of music on TV 7, 10

‘public’ schools 223

rock canon in 65-6, 85

--> Scotland

secret service 416

Thatcherism 63, 75, 85, 421

--> Wales

U-Musik 21, 58

UN Charter of Human Rights 62

Un solo baccio mi hai dato 370

The Unanswered Question 536

uncanny situation 567, 568

uncertain[ty] 133, 189, 192, 390, 459

Uncle Sam 426

unconscious 3, 6, 92, 274

unconvincing 346

undecided 190

underdog 423

rock 65, 66, 421

underground (culture) 621

underneath 569

underscore 110

understatement (musical) 375

Underwood Johnson, Robert 238

underworld 133, 459, 573

undulant/undulate etc. --> waves

uneasiness 190

Unemployed! (Disclosure) 456

unemployment 63

UNESCO Latin American traditional music collection 333

unfairness 456

unhapp-y/-iness 133, 459, 469

Unidad Popular 342

uniform[s] 409, 427-428, 429

Union Jack 223

unison 601, 628

L’Unità 3, 677

United Artists 647

United Kingdom --> UK

United Nations --> UN

United States --> USA

universal language: music? 104

unpredictability 655

unquestioning 122

Unquiet Thoughts (Dowland) 455

unsure 190

Untouchables 570, 572, 581, 582

up and out 384, 385

Up and warn a’, Willie 354

up front 646

Up In A Balloon 294

up-market --> class

upper class --> class

up-tempo --> tempo /fast

up-to-date[ness] 495, 553, 647

upward[s] 212

mobility (in social pyramid) 24

urban 264, 298, 458, 459, 486, 514, 517, 617, 621, 624, 627, 646, 652, 658, 672, 675

alienation 577

anxiety 579–588

USA 597

vs rural 251, 298-9, 391–4, 461, 671

urgency 114, 300, 302, 554, 487–494, 598–600, 606, 644

Uruguay 335

US[A] (United States [of America]) 413, 419, 420, 421, 423, 425, 426, 459, 466, 468, 469, 565-7, 620, 621, 674 --> African-American

Air Force cadence rhyme 425

‘all-American’ boy 532

‘American’ way of life 122, 345

Army Airborne Rangers 425

British ballads in 355

Bush, Georg II (W) 423, 426

--> cadence

CIA 6, 420

Civil War and cowboy songs 324

Constitution 324

--> Country music

--> cowboy

FBI 572, 625

fighting 419, 422

GI 532

government 6

imperialism 8, 60

Iraq invasion 423

Irangate 3, 4–7

in Latin America 420

--> jazz

Marines 424, 425

military 419, 420, 424-6

military music 422–426

--> modes

--> Native American

Navy Seals 425

patriotic music 422–426

NRA 422

Pentagon 355, 677

prohibition 570

radio 13

Reagan, Ronald 75, 420, 421

redneck[s] 274, 296, 422, 423

Russia[n[s]] and 466, 468, 469

sea shanties 325

South[ern] 567, 597

belles 174

boogie twang 658

Trad. 377, 379, 380, 392

transfer of global power to 413

urban 570, 579, 597, 599, 601

subculture 570–573

Vietnam 425

Washington DC 413

Women Marines 425

US of A (Donna Fargo) 422

utopian 621

utter submersion 76

V

V (TV sci-fi) 648, 651, 661

vacation paradise 664

Vader, Darth 5

Vale la pena vivir 350

Valens, Ritchie 338

Valkyrie --> Walküre

valleys 214, 254

Valparaiso Bay 327

‘value-free’ research 44

vamp 464, 573

bass figure 590

female 668, 675, 676

musical 492, 810

Van Cleef, Lee 331, 365

Van Diemen’s Land 306, 345, 350

Van Dyke, Dick 323

Van Halen Band 424

Vangelis Papathenasiou 99

Vapomni, moya lyubeznaya 322

Vaqueirada 350

variance --> statistics

variation coefficient --> statistics

Variations on a Theme of Paganini 175

variety (variétés) 419, 429

vaudeville 416, 429

Vaughan Williams, Sir Ralph 60, 322, 323, 336, 346, 350

Vauxhall Gardens 605

V Day 417

Vega, Carlos 37, 57, 335, 344, 345

vehicular transportation 656

veil[ed] 459, 605

velocity --> speed -- See also Marinetti

-- See also tempo --> fast 623, 654

velvety 171

Venezuela Trad. 332, 333, 334, 342

vengeful 392

Venice/Venetian 370, 418

The Ventures 395

venue[s] 424, 428

Venus 259, 261, 264

Venus (Botticelli) 259-261

Veracruz 342

verbalisation 105, 134

verbal-visual associations --> VVAs

Verdi, Giuseppe 30, 31, 190, 194, 207, 319, 574

Verdon, Gwen 574, 585

Verfremdung 372 -- See also distancing -- See also Brecht

vergleichende Musikwissensch. 38

verismo 596

Vermont Human Services 660

vertical effects

skip to sixth degree 226–227

vest --> clothes

vibrant 246

vibraphone --> orchestration

vibra-slap 648

vibrator 70, 71, 541, 608-9

vice 623

victimisation 222

Victorian 174

victorious/victory 390, 410, 416, 624, 660

video 650, 674

pop 553, 554

‘video effects’ 487

Vienna 413

Mahler, Korngold, Steiner 48

Viennese classicism 102, 186

Vietnam 425

view[s] 139, 298, 382 -- See also panorama

acoustic 169

Viglietti, Daniel 335, 347, 361

Viguerie, Richard A 4-6, 677

Vikings 307

Vila, Pablo 335

Vilariño, Idea 347

Villa Lobos, Heitor 458

village 388, 389, 515

deserted 393

villain[s] --> bad /guy[s]

Ving, Lee 597

vinyl – effects on notation 55

violence 122, 123, 137, 425, 464, 486, 621, 623, 651, 656

Violent City (Morricone) 587

violins --> strings

Virgin and Child (Morales) 258

Virgin Mary 177

The Virginian (Tune 2) 99, 101, 107, 111, 112, 122, 123, 129, 137, 139, 141, 142, 143, 144, 147, 148, 149, 150, 153, 154, 251, 269, 277-396, 463, 472, 483, 485, 516, 553, 559, 561, 569, 572, 573, 590, 632, 657, 666, 667, 668, 669, 670

virile/virility --> male

virtual circle-of-fifths 179

virtuoso 424

viscous 100, 171

‘Visitors’ the (V sci-fi series) 661

visuals – Monty Python 418

Den vita stenen 429

Vivaldi, Antonio 183, 622

Vltava (Smetana) 236, 320

vocal -- See also register /vocal -- See also voice

arrangement 424

forms 425

timbre

hard 423

vocalist 423, 652

vocative 354

melodic museme 354

melodic profile 355

snaps 353

voice -- See also register /vocal -- See also vocal

grain of 67, 70

voice leading 447, 450, 452

voice-over 649, 660, 661

voix céleste + vox humana 223

Volga Boatmen (Song of the) 470

volitative 131, 305

Der vollkommene Kapellmeister 35

Volkswagen 553

volume 52 -- See also accentuation

dynamics 169, 462

fortissimo 100

in rock 70, 71, 423

male and female traits 669

voluptuous 171

Vol-U-Tone 373

Vorzon, Barry De 661

vox humana / voix céleste 196

Vrethammar, Sylvia 348

vulnerability 472, 585

VVA[s] (Verbal-Visual Association[s])

anomalies 134–140

classification 123-30 -- See also (this entry, below) under taxonomic… -- See also (this entry, below) under taxonomy

definition and/or explanation of 121–122, 631, 810

discretisation process 122-123

functions of 142

genre-specific 645–647

limitations of 140–142

listings of 702-744, 769-794 -- See also start of each Tune section,

after transcription

explained 151

number of categories used 148

statistics 142-152,

taxonomic criteria 124-131

film music’s functions 124-5

library music categories 125-30

musical ‘common sense’ 130–1

taxonomic problems

contextual 137–140

distanced VVAs 137

errors of classification 421

multiple categorisation 136

neologisms/nomenclature 134

polysemic VVAs 135–136

‘weird words’ 134

taxonomy 11, 123–142, 666, 745-768

functions and uses of 142

limitations of 140-141

verification of 141–142

words/pictures/music 120–121

W

Wackenroder, Wilhelm H 15, 21, 22, 65, 68, 76, 271

wage-earners 23 -- See also proletariat

Wagner, Richard 21, 25, 30, 31, 48, 174, 180, 189–190, 192, 195, 208, 218, 224, 235, 261, 300, 307, 317, 320, 377

chase and fight music 300

wah[-wah] 553, 540-1, 573, 648, 653

Waidele (Sw. retail) 108

wailing 181, 596

waiting 673

Wake Up America 423

Walbrook, Anton 199

Waldkirch 496

Waldteufel, Emil 340

Wales 254-5

Charles, Prince of 62

Clwyd 254, 265

Llangollen 255

Moel Famau 254

walk --> walking

Walker, Daniel P 39, 47, 312

Walker, Michael 464, 580

Walker, T-Bone 374

walking 100, 170, 236, 270, 382, 486, 494, 492, 674 -- See also bass

Walking the Floor Over You 374

Walkürenritt 29, 30, 300, 307

Wall Street 492

Crash 40

no acoustic guitar strum 341

Wall Street Week (TV) 491, 493, 494, 495, 497, 854

Walser, Rob 56, 89, 90

Walter, Bruno 29

Walton, Sir William 30, 60

waltz 102

Wand of Youth 495

Wandrin’ Star 351, 396

Wann kommst du, mein Heil? 445

war 97, 410, 416, 417, 423, 430, 486, 623, 674 -- See also World War

and fun 410, 412, 417, 418, 419, 420, 422, 423, 426

incongruity of 417

film 410

hero 418

wartime 203

War Crimes Tribunal 26

War Games (film) 600

warm 170, 198 -- See also weather

heart-warming 132

leg warmers 650

warm tone 229

Warner Brothers 356, 457

Warner, Alan 199, 200

Warsaw Concerto 171, 198, 199, 200, 201, 203, 232, 269

Washington Behind Closed Doors 724

Washington Post (march) 294, 411

Washington, N 395

Watching the Detectives 625, 626, 627

water 172, 214, 260, 261, 536

droplets 241, 245-9

flowing, gushing 382

piano arpeggios 233–240

skiing 305, 307

trickling 383, 389, 393

tricling 388

waterfall[s] 235, 261, 386

Watergate 488

Waters, Muddy 564, 594

Waterson, Michael 323

Watson, Doc 345, 353, 354

Watson, Merle 353

Watson, Richard Jesse 259, 260

Watters, Cyril 224

wave[s]/wavy 99, 122, 134, 172, 226, 231–269, 307, 515, 674

gesturality 225, 253–67, 270–275

harmonic 214–215

melodic 215

sea (breakers) 239, 246

subjective/objective 252–253

undulant/undulate/undulating/undulatory 134, 172, 253, 214, 246, 249, 254, 256, 260, 265, 269, 379–382, 515

waving (flags/hands) 428

Waxman, Franz 30, 115, 522, 530, 536

‘The way it is’ 132

The Way to the Stars 201-3

Wayne, John 171

‘We eat no shit’ / ‘We take no more’ 618, 646

‘We never closed’ 417

‘We shall fight them on the

beaches’ 417

‘We want to change the world’ 486, 618

weakness 133, 459

weapons 97, 416, 425, 430, 670, 675

weather 671, 672, 674 -- See also seasons

breeze 172, 214, 240, 241, 248

fog 589, 590, 674

haze/hazy 244, 247, 248, 268

mist[y] 224, 247, 268, 383, 590

rain[y] 99, 139

snow[y] 172, 188, 235

sun/-lit/-ny/-shine 231, 236, 238, 239, 244, 246, 247, 248, 256, 265, 303, 305, 430, 674

sunrise 139, 239, 248, 674

sunset 136, 197, 238, 239, 248, 257

thunder 99

warm 180

wind 172, 214, 240, 386, 674

gusts 248

Weaver, Dennis 299

Weber, C M von 31, 320, 445, 568

Weber, Max 39

Weber, William 19

Webern, Anton von 29, 30

wedding 328, 416, 417, 675

weeping 186

Weibull, Lennart 7, 82

Weigel, H 40

Weill, Kurt 179, 211, 230

weirdness 576

Welch, Bruce 370

Weldon Hawkins, Louise 260

welfare state dismantled 76, 421

Welk, Lawrence 395, 606

well-being 177

Wellington’s Sieg 29

well-meaning 132

Wenn wir in höchsten Nöten… 456

Were Every Thought An Eye 455

Werthästhetik --> ‘absolute’ music

West Side Story 230, 340, 584

West, James 378

Western (genre) 5, 136, 141, 143-144, 463, 652, 674

genre synecdoche 303

Hollywood and Italian 666

horse music essential? 303–307

Italian 331-332, 362-365, 370, 372, 394, 666

plot types 392–394

Western Allegro (Falck) 325

Western Electric 39

Western Eyes (Portishead) 456

western swing 375

Die Wetterfahne (Schubert) 446

What Shall We Do With The Drunken Sailor? 310, 329

wheat 265

Wheels of Fire 594

When A Man Loves A Woman 68

When First to this Country 308

When I’m Calling You 226

When Johnny Comes Marching Home --> Johnny Comes Marching

Where The Wind Blows 395

While I Live 167, 203

whining 576

whip 370

whirling 386

whistle

human 371

train 353

wolf 386

The Whistle 346

Whitburn, Joel 61

white --> clothes

noise 644, 649

White Christmas 589

The White Stone 429

A Whiter Shade of Pale 196, 338

Who Do You Think You Are

Kidding, Mr Hitler? 429

The Who 65, 652

Whole Lotta Love 594

whooping it up 394

‘Why 1955?’ 64

The Wichita Lineman 488

Wicke, Peter 14, 61, 63, 72, 81, 83, 89, 272

Wicks, Sammie-Ann 324

wide open spaces, wide views, etc. --> panorama

wide spacing 535

Wide World of Sports [TV] 624

Widerberg, Bo 14, 21, 244

Wilbye, John 182

wild 60, 132, 265 -- See also flowers

Wild Wild West (TV) 375, 376, 378

Wilder, Billy 199

William Tell 293, 294, 296-7, 377

Williams, Charles 156, 176, 196, 203

Williams, Hank 295

Williams, John 5, 21, 377, 568, 588

Williams, Rachel 263

Williams, Raymond 85

Williams, Richard 37

Williamson, J G Ian 48, 261

Willis, Paul 82, 85

willow --> trees

Wills, Bob 373

Willson, Meredith 592–593

Wilson, Brian 60, 62

win 417

wind 172, 214, 240, 386, 674

The Wind Cries Mary 593

Wine Festival 348

Wings To Fly 424

WINS news station logo 490

Winterreise 188, 189, 446

Winwood, Stevie 62

Wipe Out 368, 376

wisdom 133, 430, 673

Wismar 177

wistful 321, 579

Wittegenstein, Ludwig 52

WNIX 488

Wo ich bin (R Strauss) 444

Wo soll ich fliegen hin? 185, 456

woe[ful] 181, 185, 188, 189, 190, 192-193, 195, 207

Wohin? 234

Wohltemperiertes Klavier 173

wolf whistle 386

Wolff, Erich 218, 226, 443

woman/women -- See also female -- See also gender -- See also girls -- See also male

135-6, 262-3, 666-678

blonde 244, 245, 265

bourgeois salon 233

cover girls 263

curves and 257-266

dangerous; dubious 601

femme[s] fatale[s] 386, 463, 601, 605, 668, 676

hookers 646, 657

in black 675

in Westerns 391–394

ladies 674

long hair and 258-63, 265-6, 269

historiographical neglect of 28

mother 212, 220

photo models 262-4, 647

predatory 585

prostitute[s] 265, 464, 675

--> queen

scheming 584

vamp[s] 668, 675, 676

Women Marines (US) 425

women’s studies 57, 58

Wonderful Land 368

wood blocks 295

Wood, Alexander 412

Wood, Doug 467

woods 238, 240, 241, 244, 247, 249

forest[s] 243, 298, 303, 388, 389, 393, 394

sylvan 134

calm 174, 177

Woodstock 621

woodwind 300

words are not pictures are not music 120–121

work concept (musical) 11, 68

work song[s] 425

crossover with shanties 325

Work Song (Adderly) 583, 628

working class --> class

World Court 6

World Cup Soccer 62

world of tomorrow (future) 621

World War I 411

World War II 97, 417, 428, 429, 430

Worldcom 75

worry 133, 186, 190, 192, 224, 319, 453, 570

worthy opponent 676

Worton, David 411

Wounded I am (Byrd) 455

‘wow!’ 386

Wozzeck 495

Wray, Link 369, 395

wrestl/-e[r]/-ing 5, 426

Wright, Louise (lullaby) 250

Wright, Rayburn 124, 676

Wright, Will 291, 331, 392-394

X

Xerox (corporation) 75

xylophone --> orchestration

xylorimba 496

Y

Y llegó Fidel 334

Ye Parliaments of England 306

Yearbook for Traditional Music 22, 37

yearning 197, 470

yodel[ling] 325, 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 357, 375, 396

Yorkshire 518

Moors 139

TV 513

You Got The Love 95

young 133

young people/youth 136, 151, 500, 617, 657, 674

culture 375, 617, 618–21

generation 618, 619

music education for 679

target group 375, 618–21, 649

target or social group? 666

‘young people’ 495

‘youngsters’ 621

Virginian: lack of VVAs 375

Young Woman… (Rembrandt) 267

Young, Michael 24

Younger Than Springtime 218

Your Long Journey 354

Your Song (Elton John) 175

Yupanqui, Atahualpa 361

Z

Zamfir, Gheorghe 564

Zapata-Spaghetti plot 332

Zappa, Frank 531, 580, 585, 619

Zaragoza 336

Zarlino, Giosefo 312

Zech, G 40

Zen 534, 537

Zero Response listings 151

Ziehe, Thomas 65

zigzag arpeggiation 379

Zimmerman, F-J 600, 829

zither 367, 373

Zoltai, Dénes 11, 16, 18, 21, 68, 70, 271

The Zombies 581

zoom --> camera techniques

musical 387

Zorba the Greek 467, 468

Zorn, John 49

Zorro 294, 333, 355, 356, 383